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The Creation of Tokens in Late Antiquity. Religious 'tolerance' and 'intolerance' in Fourth and Fifth Centuries AD

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 TOK project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the TOK project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "TOK" about.

phenomenon    christians    unpublished    interactions    perhaps    political    minted    furnish    fifth    vota    relationships    revealed    informative    asina    conflict    century    fourth    inform    preponderance    took    place    communities    remarkable    shed    gradual    festival    tokens    historical    identities    partly    valuable    adoption    contain    numismatic    centuries    inquiry    ad    publica    psychological    lens    light    religious    propaganda    pagan    tolerance    tools    cultural    mobilization    west    saw    cults    formulate    objects    antique    relations    government    culture    societies    intellectual    appropriate    christian    patterns    expression    debates    forged    contribution    isis    polytheistic    unlike    ancient    experiences    creation    transformation    society    research    politics    disciplines    supplied    empire    analytical    innovative    coinage    repression    freedom    perspective    examined    social    contemporary    data    scientific    dynamics    pagans    context    era    question    continuing    embodying    reflections    intolerance    roman    interdisciplinary   

Project "TOK" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: Kirby Corner Road - University House
postcode: CV4 8UW

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 212˙933 €
 EC max contribution 212˙933 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2018
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-11-07   to  2021-11-06


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK UK (COVENTRY) coordinator 212˙933.00


 Project objective

This innovative project aims to investigate the phenomenon of the production of late-antique tokens as objects embodying the relations between different religious identities in Roman society. In particular, the study focuses on the so-called “Vota Publica coinage” (or “Festival of Isis coinage”) and “Asina tokens”, both minted in the Roman West during the fourth century and perhaps the fifth century AD. These issues are still partly unpublished and furnish valuable data. Since the creation of these “pagan” objects took place during the gradual repression of polytheistic cults by a Christian government, the project will shed light on the question of religious freedom and on the dynamics of religious “propaganda” during an era that saw the transformation of the pagan Roman Empire into a Christian one. Unlike traditional approaches, religious politics will be examined through the innovative perspective supplied by the numismatic evidence of tokens, which, as an expression of relationships, exchanges and culture, contain a remarkable informative potential for the understanding of broader aspects within ancient communities. Through this lens, the project will focus on specific social, religious, and cultural experiences in the context of the “conflict” between pagans and Christians in the fourth and fifth centuries AD. The adoption of an interdisciplinary approach and the mobilization of intellectual tools forged by classical disciplines will help to formulate appropriate patterns and to develop an analytical inquiry on the psychological, social, religious and political changes and interactions revealed by tokens in the late Roman empire. This project will therefore make a historical contribution to current reflections on religious “tolerance” and “intolerance” that have a significant preponderance in societies past and present. Addressing a matter of continuing concern, the project will help inform contemporary debates in different fields of the scientific research

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The information about "TOK" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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