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Evolving Single-Atom Catalysis: Fundamental Insights for Rational Design

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 E-SAC project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the E-SAC project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "E-SAC" about.

pioneered    tend    uhv    describe    selectively    robustly    selectivity    conversion    atoms    chemical    unknown    001    solution    reaction    active    metals    atom    cells    technologies    rational    difficult    anchor    origins    sac    formed    rare    single    designed    xanes    ultrahigh    pressure    resemble    impossible    ultimate    complexes    fundamental    precisely    heterogenize    prox    unravel    utilized    levels    environments    newly    homogeneous    function    sites    bonds    fe3o4    group    elucidated    relationships    site    model    recreate    expensive    complexity    structure    identical    hydroformylation    electrochemical    progress    performance    replacing    mean    environmentally    minimising    understand    catalytic    organometallic    reactions    vienna    performed    oxygen    heterogeneous    metal    proves    modify    efficiency    orr    purpose    economy    vacuum    gap    hydrogenation    mechanisms    catalysts    spectra    bridge    realistic    iras    catalysis    era    methane    optimal    energy    efficient    sacs    strive    supports    combinations   

Project "E-SAC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: KARLSPLATZ 13
city: WIEN
postcode: 1040

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Austria [AT]
 Total cost 1˙993˙718 €
 EC max contribution 1˙993˙718 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2019-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-02-01   to  2025-01-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET WIEN AT (WIEN) coordinator 1˙993˙718.00


 Project objective

Rare and expensive metals tend to be the best catalysts, and minimising or replacing them is a major research target as we strive to develop an economy based on more environmentally-friendly, energy-efficient technologies. “Single-atom” catalysis (SAC) represents the ultimate in efficiency, and the chemical bonds formed between the metal atom and the support mean these systems strongly resemble the organometallic complexes utilized in homogeneous catalysis. If all active sites were identical, single-atom catalysts (SACs) could achieve similar levels of selectivity, and even be used to “heterogenize” difficult reactions that must be currently performed in solution. There is a problem however: homogeneous catalysts are designed based on well-understood structure-function relationships. In SAC, the structure of the active site is unknown, thus rational design is impossible. My group in Vienna has pioneered the use of the model supports to understand fundamental mechanisms in SAC. Our work with Fe3O4(001) proves that we can precisely determine and even selectively modify the active site, and unravel the role of structure in catalytic activity. Real progress, however, requires realistic active sites, realistic supports, and realistic environments. In this project, I describe how we will determine the sites that robustly anchor metal atoms on five of the most important supports in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV), and test their performance in newly-developed high-pressure and electrochemical cells. The origins of selectivity for PROX, hydrogenation, hydroformylation, methane conversion, and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) will be elucidated, and the best atom/support combinations for each reaction identified. Robust XANES and IRAS spectra will allow us to bridge the complexity gap and recreate the optimal active sites on real SACs and lead the way into a new era in which heterogeneous catalysts are designed for purpose, based on a fundamental understanding of how they work.

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The information about "E-SAC" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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