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Evolving Single-Atom Catalysis: Fundamental Insights for Rational Design

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 E-SAC project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the E-SAC project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "E-SAC" about.

levels    electrochemical    unravel    strive    optimal    metals    performance    hydrogenation    reactions    model    homogeneous    precisely    origins    active    atoms    recreate    vacuum    tend    chemical    uhv    catalytic    modify    structure    efficiency    heterogenize    selectivity    oxygen    metal    iras    rare    vienna    methane    sac    identical    selectively    environmentally    relationships    hydroformylation    understand    rational    conversion    site    resemble    complexes    impossible    ultimate    era    performed    organometallic    gap    reaction    supports    formed    solution    catalysts    ultrahigh    economy    001    utilized    anchor    function    bonds    mechanisms    proves    progress    difficult    sacs    complexity    efficient    mean    single    elucidated    xanes    purpose    combinations    robustly    fundamental    environments    describe    replacing    technologies    spectra    group    cells    orr    unknown    catalysis    atom    newly    heterogeneous    minimising    energy    sites    pioneered    expensive    pressure    fe3o4    bridge    realistic    prox    designed   

Project "E-SAC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: KARLSPLATZ 13
city: WIEN
postcode: 1040

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Austria [AT]
 Total cost 1˙993˙718 €
 EC max contribution 1˙993˙718 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2019-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-02-01   to  2025-01-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET WIEN AT (WIEN) coordinator 1˙993˙718.00


 Project objective

Rare and expensive metals tend to be the best catalysts, and minimising or replacing them is a major research target as we strive to develop an economy based on more environmentally-friendly, energy-efficient technologies. “Single-atom” catalysis (SAC) represents the ultimate in efficiency, and the chemical bonds formed between the metal atom and the support mean these systems strongly resemble the organometallic complexes utilized in homogeneous catalysis. If all active sites were identical, single-atom catalysts (SACs) could achieve similar levels of selectivity, and even be used to “heterogenize” difficult reactions that must be currently performed in solution. There is a problem however: homogeneous catalysts are designed based on well-understood structure-function relationships. In SAC, the structure of the active site is unknown, thus rational design is impossible. My group in Vienna has pioneered the use of the model supports to understand fundamental mechanisms in SAC. Our work with Fe3O4(001) proves that we can precisely determine and even selectively modify the active site, and unravel the role of structure in catalytic activity. Real progress, however, requires realistic active sites, realistic supports, and realistic environments. In this project, I describe how we will determine the sites that robustly anchor metal atoms on five of the most important supports in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV), and test their performance in newly-developed high-pressure and electrochemical cells. The origins of selectivity for PROX, hydrogenation, hydroformylation, methane conversion, and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) will be elucidated, and the best atom/support combinations for each reaction identified. Robust XANES and IRAS spectra will allow us to bridge the complexity gap and recreate the optimal active sites on real SACs and lead the way into a new era in which heterogeneous catalysts are designed for purpose, based on a fundamental understanding of how they work.

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The information about "E-SAC" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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