NEOSHIELD

A Global Approach to Near-Earth Object Impact Threat Mitigation

 Coordinatore DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUER LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV 

 Organization address address: Linder Hoehe
city: KOELN
postcode: 51147

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Doris
Cognome: Hiepe
Email: send email
Telefono: 493067000000
Fax: 493067000000

 Nazionalità Coordinatore Germany [DE]
 Sito del progetto http://www.space.com/14370-asteroid-shield-earth-threat-protection-meeting.html
 Totale costo 5˙843˙115 €
 EC contributo 3˙963˙009 €
 Programma FP7-SPACE
Specific Programme "Cooperation": Space
 Code Call FP7-SPACE-2011-1
 Funding Scheme CP-FP
 Anno di inizio 2012
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2012-01-01   -   2015-05-31

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUER LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV

 Organization address address: Linder Hoehe
city: KOELN
postcode: 51147

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Doris
Cognome: Hiepe
Email: send email
Telefono: 493067000000
Fax: 493067000000

DE (KOELN) coordinator 722˙745.00
2    AIRBUS DS GMBH

 Organization address address: ROBERT KOCH STRASSE 1
city: TAUFKIRCHEN
postcode: 82024

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Wolfram
Cognome: Lork
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 7545 8 4232
Fax: +49 7545 8 5447

DE (TAUFKIRCHEN) participant 547˙822.00
3    FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V

 Organization address address: Hansastrasse 27C
city: MUENCHEN
postcode: 80686

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Maximilian
Cognome: Steiert
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 89 1205 2721

DE (MUENCHEN) participant 524˙460.00
4    OBSERVATOIRE DE PARIS

 Organization address address: AVENUE DE L OBSERVATOIRE 61
city: PARIS
postcode: 75014

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Christiane
Cognome: Adam
Email: send email
Telefono: 33145077474
Fax: 33145070189

FR (PARIS) participant 439˙056.00
5    THE OPEN UNIVERSITY

 Organization address address: WALTON HALL
city: MILTON KEYNES
postcode: MK7 6AA

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: David
Cognome: Barfield
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 1908 655064
Fax: +44 1908 858022

UK (MILTON KEYNES) participant 276˙656.40
6    QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY BELFAST

 Organization address address: University Road
city: BELFAST
postcode: BT7 1NN

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Pauline
Cognome: Mccann
Email: send email
Telefono: 442891000000
Fax: 442891000000

UK (BELFAST) participant 264˙256.80
7    CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE

 Organization address address: Rue Michel -Ange 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Hélène
Cognome: Faradji
Email: send email
Telefono: +33 493954190
Fax: +33 493954339

FR (PARIS) participant 257˙727.00
8    FEDERALNOE GOSUDARSTVENNOE UNITARNOPREDPRIYATIE TSENTRALNY NAUCHNO- ISSLEDOVATELSKY INSTITUT MACHINOSTROENIYA

 Organization address address: PIONERSKAYA 4
city: KOROLEV
postcode: 141070

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Dmitry
Cognome: Payson
Email: send email
Telefono: +7 916 182 3507

RU (KOROLEV) participant 210˙000.00
9    AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS

 Organization address address: 51-61 Route de Verneuil
city: LES MUREAUX
postcode: 78130

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Emilie
Cognome: Demange
Email: send email
Telefono: +33 5 6219 9126

FR (LES MUREAUX) participant 196˙433.00
10    DEIMOS SPACE SOCIEDAD LIMITADA UNIPERSONAL

 Organization address city: TRES CANTOS (MADRID)
postcode: 28760

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Laurence
Cognome: Mégret
Email: send email
Telefono: +34 91 806 64 50
Fax: +34 91 806 64 51

ES (TRES CANTOS (MADRID)) participant 165˙558.00
11    ASTRIUM LIMITED

 Organization address address: Gunnels Wood Road
city: STEVENAGE
postcode: SG1 2AS

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Matthew
Cognome: Stuttard
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 14 3877 3180

UK (STEVENAGE) participant 147˙500.00
12    SETI INSTITUTE CORPORATION

 Organization address address: N BERNARDO AVE 189
city: MOUNTAIN VIEW CA
postcode: 94043

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: David
Cognome: Morrison
Email: send email
Telefono: +1 650 961 6633

US (MOUNTAIN VIEW CA) participant 110˙295.00
13    UNIVERSITY OF SURREY

 Organization address address: Stag Hill
city: GUILDFORD
postcode: GU2 7XH

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Maria
Cognome: Sega-Buhalis
Email: send email
Telefono: 441484000000
Fax: 441484000000

UK (GUILDFORD) participant 100˙500.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

powerful    protect    hit    laboratory    international    neoshield    spacecraft    roadmap    years    neo    space    collision    earth    near    scientists    kilometres    asteroid    asteroids    computer    impact    mission    experiments    place    right    data    campaign    mitigation    global    orbit    options    our    ways    designs    deflection    feasibility    promising    neos    observations    missions    bound    thousands    threat    force   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'Collisions of asteroids and comets with the Earth have taken place frequently over geological history and have altered the evolutionary course of life; there is no reason why they should not continue to hit the Earth at irregular and unpredictable intervals in the future. Thousands of near-Earth objects (NEOs), mainly asteroids, have been discovered over the past 20 years and the reality of the impact hazard has been laid bare. Can we protect our civilization from the next major impact?

We propose to carry out a detailed analysis of the open questions relating to realistic options for preventing the collision of a NEO with the Earth. Solutions will be provided to critical scientific and technical issues that currently stand in the way of demonstrating the feasibility of promising mitigation options via test missions. While a mitigation test mission is beyond the financial scope of the present Call, we aim to provide detailed test-mission designs for the most feasible mitigation concepts, facilitating the rapid development of actual test missions at a later stage.

Our project concept includes laboratory experiments and associated modelling to provide the necessary data pertaining to the behaviour of a NEO during a deflection attempt. The experimental results and modelling will help to improve our understanding of the nature of NEOs and allow the feasibility of mitigation techniques and mission designs to be accurately assessed.

Our project includes appropriate partners from established space-faring nations outside the European Union. We propose to formulate a global response campaign roadmap that may be implemented when a serious impact threat arises. The roadmap will consider the necessary international decision-making milestones, required reconnaissance observations, both from the ground and from rendezvous spacecraft, practical prerequisites, such as precise orbit tracking, and a campaign of perhaps several mitigation missions, depending on circumstances.'

Introduzione (Teaser)

Scientists cannot say when the next major asteroid will hit Earth, but it is certain that it will happen sometime in the future. An international collaboration of 13 researchers is hoping to head the next one off.

Descrizione progetto (Article)

The project is appropriately called 'A global approach to near-Earth object (NEO) impact threat mitigation' (http://www.neoshield.net/ (NEOSHIELD)). It is a major EU-funded initiative that pulls together all the latest science and combines laboratory experiments with computer modelling work. The ultimate aim of this effort is to develop some definitive plan to knock massive asteroids out of their Earth-bound orbit.

Asteroids approaching our planet travel at up to 30 kilometres per second. At that speed, a body with a diameter of only 100 m, could have major consequences for our civilisation. The much smaller asteroid that exploded in 2013 at a height of about 24 kilometres near the city of Chelyabinsk, Russia, with a force nearly 30 times more powerful than the Hiroshima atomic bomb damaged buildings and injured over 1 000 people.

There are thousands of known NEOs just like that one, leading researchers to posit that a dangerous collision could occur as often as every few hundred years. However, it is possible to stop an asteroid from hitting Earth. The NEOSHIELD scientists and engineers are evaluating promising methods for asteroid deflection, which may simply mean providing a nudge in the right place at the right time.

One way to do this is to have a spacecraft impact the asteroid and impart enough force to change its orbit. NEOSHIELD researchers are working on finding ways to guide the spacecraft to the moving target at the right angle with the right velocity. Another way is to use the spacecraft's gravitational pull to tow the asteroid into a different orbit. If the asteroid is far away, a tiny tug could be sufficient to cause the asteroid to miss the Earth.

The most powerful but least appealing technique explored during the NEOSHIELD project relies on explosive power to divert or break up the Earth-bound asteroid. However, breaking up a large asteroid could be disastrous if it were to result in the Earth being showered by many large fragments, instead of impacted by one solid piece. NEOSHIELD scientists use data from asteroid observations, lab experiments, and computer simulations, to find ways to best protect Earth from future devastating impacts.

At the end of the project, the NEOSHIELD researchers will provide detailed space-mission plans, which could form the basis of a proposal to national and international space agencies for a mission to demonstrate the necessary technology.

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Rapid Analysis and Spatialisation Of Risk (RASOR)

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OPERR (2011)

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