Opendata, web and dolomites

ALKENoNE SIGNED

Algal Lipids: the Key to Earth Now and aNcient Earth

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 ALKENoNE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the ALKENoNE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "ALKENoNE" about.

terrestrial    culture    period    sea    dwax    controls    records    isolation    biological       investigator    dalgal    accurate    temperatures    algae    canada    abundances    ideal    light    times    delta    quantitative    techniques    combines    species    canadian    molecular    interdisciplinary    lack    produces    latitude    algal    deg    biomarker    ecological    photobioreactors    gradient    alkenone    laboratory    microalgal    sites    drought    geochemical    manipulated    lake    decades    reconstruct    detectors    alkenones    monitored    density    modern    warmth    producing    core    surface    tool    900    cultures    organism    reconstructing    evaporation    global    discovered    haptophyte    fossil    uk37    latest    exploring    proxy    organic    biofuel    risk    latitudinal    ad    cell    worldwide    regional    reconstructed    palaeo    limited    environmental    assessing       moisture    1200    principal    temperature    career    time    warm    environment    spring    calibration    lakes    lipids    interior    medieval   

Project "ALKENoNE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW 

Organization address
address: UNIVERSITY AVENUE
city: GLASGOW
postcode: G12 8QQ
website: www.gla.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website http://environmentalbiomarkers.co.uk
 Total cost 940˙883 €
 EC max contribution 940˙883 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-04-01   to  2021-03-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW UK (GLASGOW) coordinator 940˙883.00

Map

 Project objective

Alkenones are algal lipids that have been used for decades to reconstruct quantitative past sea surface temperature. Although alkenones are being discovered in an increasing number of lake sites worldwide, only two terrestrial temperature records have been reconstructed so far. The development of this research field is limited by the lack of interdisciplinary research that combines modern biological and ecological algal research with the organic geochemical techniques needed to develop a quantitative biomarker (or molecular fossil) for past lake temperatures. More research is needed for alkenones to become a widely used tool for reconstructing past terrestrial temperature change. The early career Principal Investigator has discovered a new lake alkenone-producing species of haptophyte algae that produces alkenones in high abundances both in the environment and in laboratory cultures. This makes the new species an ideal organism for developing a culture-based temperature calibration and exploring other potential environmental controls. In this project, alkenone production will be manipulated, and monitored using state-of-the-art photobioreactors with real-time detectors for cell density, light, and temperature. The latest algal culture and isolation techniques that are used in microalgal biofuel development will be applied to developing the lake temperature proxy. The objectives will be achieved through the analysis of 90 new Canadian lakes to develop a core-top temperature calibration across a large latitudinal and temperature gradient (Δ latitude = 5°, Δ spring surface temperature = 9°C). The results will be used to assess how regional palaeo-temperature (Uk37), palaeo-moisture (δDwax) and palaeo-evaporation (δDalgal) respond during times of past global warmth (e.g., Medieval Warm Period, 900-1200 AD) to find an accurate analogue for assessing future drought risk in the interior of Canada.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Hiroya Araie, Hideto Nakamura, Jaime L. Toney, Heather A. Haig, Julien Plancq, Takashi Shiratori, Peter R. Leavitt, Osamu Seki, Ken-ichiro Ishida, Ken Sawada, Iwane Suzuki, Yoshihiro Shiraiwa
Novel alkenone-producing strains of genus Isochrysis (Haptophyta) isolated from Canadian saline lakes show temperature sensitivity of alkenones and alkenoates
published pages: 89-103, ISSN: 0146-6380, DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2018.04.008
Organic Geochemistry 121 2019-12-17
2018 William M. Longo, Yongsong Huang, Yuan Yao, Jiaju Zhao, Anne E. Giblin, Xian Wang, Roland Zech, Torsten Haberzettl, Ludwig Jardillier, Jaime Toney, Zhonghui Liu, Sergey Krivonogov, Marina Kolpakova, Guoqiang Chu, William J. D\'Andrea, Naomi Harada, Kana Nagashima, Miyako Sato, Hitoshi Yonenobu, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Katsuya Gotanda, Yoshitsugu Shinozuka
Widespread occurrence of distinct alkenones from Group I haptophytes in freshwater lakes: Implications for paleotemperature and paleoenvironmental reconstructions
published pages: 239-250, ISSN: 0012-821X, DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.04.002
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 492 2019-12-17
2018 Julien Plancq, Jill L. McColl, James A. Bendle, Osamu Seki, Jillian M. Couto, Andrew C.G. Henderson, Youhei Yamashita, Kimitaka Kawamura, Jaime L. Toney
Genomic identification of the long-chain alkenone producer in freshwater Lake Toyoni, Japan: implications for temperature reconstructions
published pages: 189-195, ISSN: 0146-6380, DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2018.09.011
Organic Geochemistry 125 2019-12-17
2018 Julien Plancq, Bianca Cavazzin, Steve Juggins, Heather A. Haig, Peter R. Leavitt, Jaime L. Toney
Assessing environmental controls on the distribution of long-chain alkenones in the Canadian Prairies
published pages: 43-55, ISSN: 0146-6380, DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2017.12.005
Organic Geochemistry 117 2019-12-17

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