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Terra-Micro-Carbo

Effect of land use induced shifts in soil microbial diversity and function on carbon cycling in soil

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 Terra-Micro-Carbo project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the Terra-Micro-Carbo project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "Terra-Micro-Carbo" about.

led    function    paired    necessitating    ing    productivity    biology    direct    incorporation    arable    mechanisms    storage    experiment    levels    suggest    cover    substrates    exchange    shift    gain    relatively    sustainably    bead    tracer    atmosphere    release    measured    labelled    regulating    dna    liquid    discern    employed    regulation    capacity    co2    gatekeepers    ratio    novelty    practices    13c    sequencing    communities    feedbacks    planet    soil    certain    linkages    soils    prognosis    capture    followed    time    carbon    accumulation    hybridization    atmospheric    microbial    implications    climate    food    performed    differences    predict    mass    land    abundance    types    cycling    maintaining    pool    act    diversity    population    incubation    magnetic    chemistry    sites    fast    groups    underpinning    molecular    microorganisms    agricultural    grassland    isotope    interdisciplinary    gene    generation    physiological    differing    rna    mitigate    biodiversity    mechanistic    lack    spectrometry    organic    chromatography    prove    shifts    functional   

Project "Terra-Micro-Carbo" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNITED KINGDOM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION 

There are not information about this coordinator. Please contact Fabio for more information, thanks.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website http://ashishmalik.weebly.com
 Total cost 183˙454 €
 EC max contribution 183˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-07-14   to  2017-07-13

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNITED KINGDOM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION UK (SWINDON) coordinator 183˙454.00
2    NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL UK (SWINDON WILTSHIRE) coordinator 0.00

Map

 Project objective

The need for improved food production for the growing population has led to increase in planet’s arable land cover. Many studies suggest that such practices lead to loss of soil organic carbon (C) – a relatively large C pool with a fast response time. Thus there is a need to manage soils sustainably in order to mitigate atmospheric CO2 levels while maintaining agricultural productivity. Soil microorganisms act as gatekeepers for soil-atmosphere C exchange by regulating the storage and release of organic C in soil. However, there is a lack of understanding on how land use induced shifts in soil microbial diversity affects this regulation; necessitating detailed research on the underpinning microbial mechanisms. The project objective is to discern the effects of land use on microbial diversity in differing soil types and to investigate whether this shift has implications for C cycling (do certain microbial groups have a greater capacity for soil C accumulation?). To address these objectives an interdisciplinary approach merging molecular biology and isotope chemistry will be employed. Soil from long-term grassland-arable paired sites will be used to assess differences in microbial biodiversity and functional gene abundance through DNA next-generation sequencing. In addition, a field incubation experiment with 13C labelled substrates will be performed to investigate the variable tracer incorporation into different microbial functional groups. This will be measured using novel magnetic bead capture hybridization of RNA from specific groups followed by its 13C analysis using liquid chromatography-isotope ratio mass spectrometry. The novelty of this project is that it aims to provide direct evidence to prove diversity-function linkages and gain mechanistic understanding of the physiological responses of soil microbial communities to land use change. The resulting knowledge will help better predict changes in soil C and thus improve prognosis of climate change feedbacks.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Ashish A. Malik, Bruce C. Thomson, Andrew S. Whiteley, Mark Bailey, Robert I. Griffiths
Bacterial Physiological Adaptations to Contrasting Edaphic Conditions Identified Using Landscape Scale Metagenomics
published pages: e00799-17, ISSN: 2150-7511, DOI: 10.1128/mBio.00799-17
mBio 8/4 2019-07-22
2016 Ashish A. Malik, Somak Chowdhury, Veronika Schlager, Anna Oliver, Jeremy Puissant, Perla G. M. Vazquez, Nico Jehmlich, Martin von Bergen, Robert I. Griffiths, Gerd Gleixner
Soil Fungal:Bacterial Ratios Are Linked to Altered Carbon Cycling
published pages: , ISSN: 1664-302X, DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.01247
Frontiers in Microbiology 7 2019-07-22

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