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Symbiosis

Bacterial leaf symbiosis: what environmental factors influence it and does it drive host plant speciation

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "Symbiosis" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET 

Organization address
address: NORREGADE 10
city: KOBENHAVN
postcode: 1165
website: www.ku.dk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Denmark [DK]
 Project website http://evogenomics.ku.dk/da/plant_evolutionary_interactions/brecht/
 Total cost 212˙194 €
 EC max contribution 212˙194 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-01-01   to  2017-12-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET DK (KOBENHAVN) coordinator 212˙194.00

Map

 Project objective

Virtually all plants interact with endosymbiotic microorganisms that inhabit various plant organs. The biotechnological applications of endosymbiotic bacteria can be numerous (e.g. sustainable agriculture through biocontrol and biofertilization). Accordingly, current research efforts have focused on the molecular mechanisms involved in microbial endosymbiosis. Although these interactions can be beneficial, neutral or detrimental to the host and may play a larger role on host fitness and survival, the long-term effects of endosymbiosis on diversification patterns are still unknown. In this project, the ecological conditions for the establishment of leaf endosymbiosis and the long-term effect on the host plant speciation will be studied for the first time through a unique combination of plant diversity, endophytes, ecology and time. The key scientific objectives are (1) to identify the significant environmental factors influencing the presence of bacterial leaf symbionts and (2) to test if bacterial leaf symbiosis acts as a driver for speciation. This will enable us to answer under which circumstances endosymbiotic plant-bacteria interactions are established in nature, what is the stimulus of these interactions, and what are the consequences for the evolutionary history of both endosymbiont and host. This knowledge will provide a better understanding of the impact of long-term endosymbiosis on plant diversification processes. A central aspect of this proposal is the synergy between the applicant and the beneficiary. The pioneering PhD work of the applicant in the field of bacterial leaf symbiosis will now be taken to a new and predictive level by adding an evolutionary perspective with the help of the expertise of leading scientists studying the impact of biological interactions on biodiversity, state-of-the-art facilities including next generation sequencing and a vibrant and internationally renowned research community at the Natural History Museum of Denmark.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 N. Iwanycki Ahlstrand, B. Verstraete, G. Hassemer, S. Dunbar‐Co, R. Hoggard, H. M. Meudt, N. Rønsted
Ancestral range reconstruction of remote oceanic island species of Plantago (Plantaginaceae) reveals differing scales and modes of dispersal
published pages: , ISSN: 0305-0270, DOI: 10.1111/jbi.13525
Journal of Biogeography 2019-04-16
2017 Brecht Verstraete, Hester M Steyn, Abraham E Van Wyk
Taxonomic status of some geofrutex members of Vanguerieae (Rubiaceae): notes on Eriosemopsis and Pygmaeothamnus and the description of a new genus Bridsonia
published pages: 47-65, ISSN: 0024-4074, DOI: 10.1093/botlinnean/box076
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 186/1 2019-06-13
2017 Sam Bruun-Lund, Brecht Verstraete, Finn Kjellberg, Nina Rønsted
Rush hour at the Museum – Diversification patterns provide new clues for the success of figs ( Ficus L., Moraceae)
published pages: , ISSN: 1146-609X, DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2017.11.001
Acta Oecologica 2019-06-13
2017 Brecht Verstraete, Steven Janssens, Nina Rønsted
Non-nodulated bacterial leaf symbiosis promotes the evolutionary success of its host plants in the coffee family (Rubiaceae)
published pages: 161-168, ISSN: 1055-7903, DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2017.05.022
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 113 2019-06-13

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The information about "SYMBIOSIS" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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