Opendata, web and dolomites

CAPITULA SIGNED

Variation on a theme: evolutionary-developmental insights into the Asteraceae flower head

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 CAPITULA project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the CAPITULA project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "CAPITULA" about.

plants    crop    arisen    chrysanthemum    asteraceae    symmetry    source    coordinated    basis    shifts    syncephalous    combinations    genomics    lineages    genomes    relies    forms    breeding    11    architecture    theoretical    interrelated    genera    heads    flowers    exhibit    capitulescence    capitula    co    unravel    ca    seeking    model    knapweeds    evolutionary    heterogamous    horticultural    opportunity    rounds    family    capitulum    led    biological    integrating    diversification    arrangement    devo    signature    varieties    networks    gained    modification    species    deciphering    yields    followed    genetic    reproductive    comprise    concentrated    questions    traits    bear    condensation    sunflower    impressive    reproduction    floral    gerbera    artichoke    strategies    provides    plant    experimental    simplification    fundamental    trait    developmental    molecular    tribes    original    daisy    understand    invaluable    secondary    form    evolution    inflorescence    altered    evo    lettuce    syncephalia    ask    economical    toward    variation    material    opted    biology   

Project "CAPITULA" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS KEW 

Organization address
address: ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS KEW
city: RICHMOND
postcode: TW93AB
website: http://www.rbgkew.org.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website https://www.kew.org/science/projects/capitula
 Total cost 183˙454 €
 EC max contribution 183˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2017-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS KEW UK (RICHMOND) coordinator 183˙454.00

Map

 Project objective

Plant reproduction relies on flowers and their arrangement into inflorescence –two interrelated traits that exhibit impressive variation between plant lineages and constrain crop yields and horticultural forms. A key aim in evolutionary biology is to unravel how the modification of genetic networks has led to the diversification of reproductive plant architecture and floral form. This project addresses this aim by seeking to understand how two fundamental biological processes, floral architecture and symmetry, have evolved in the daisy family Asteraceae, with unique combinations of these traits. Much of the research on Asteraceae has concentrated on model plant systems with simple heterogamous capitula (e.g. gerbera, sunflower). We propose an original and novel evolutionary-developmental (evo-devo) approach to floral evolution, by bringing to this field the species of Asteraceae with secondary heads (=syncephalia). This unique capitulum architecture has arisen from two rounds of capitulescence (i.e. inflorescence condensation followed by simplification) during their evolution. Syncephalous species which comprise ca. 70 genera from 11 tribes provide an invaluable source of material for deciphering the genetic basis of capitulum evolution since their genomes bear the signature of two inflorescence shifts toward capitulescence. Our approach, integrating the most recent experimental and theoretical developments in evo-devo and genomics fields, provides a unique opportunity to ask fundamental questions relating to coordinated trait evolution, and to increase our understanding of how genetic pathways have been altered or co-opted during the evolutionary diversification of flowers. The knowledge gained has the potential to open up novel molecular breeding strategies for developing improved varieties of horticultural and crop plants in this family of great economical importance (e.g. artichoke, chrysanthemum, gerbera, knapweeds, lettuce, sunflower).

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Oriane Hidalgo, Jaume Pellicer, Maarten Christenhusz, Harald Schneider, Andrew R. Leitch, Ilia J. Leitch
Is There an Upper Limit to Genome Size?
published pages: 567-573, ISSN: 1360-1385, DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2017.04.005
Trends in Plant Science 22/7 2019-06-14
2016 Quentin Cronk, Oriane Hidalgo, Jaume Pellicer, Diana Percy, Ilia Leitch
Salix transect of Europe: variation in ploidy and genome size in willow-associated common nettle, Urtica dioica L. sens. lat., from Greece to arctic Norway
published pages: e10003, ISSN: 1314-2828, DOI: 10.3897/BDJ.4.e10003
Biodiversity Data Journal 4 2019-06-14
2017 Jaume Pellicer, Oriane Hidalgo, James Walker, Mark W. Chase, Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Gorm Shackelford, Ilia J. Leitch, Michael F. Fay
Genome size dynamics in tribe Gilliesieae (Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Allioideae) in the context of polyploidy and unusual incidence of Robertsonian translocations
published pages: 16-31, ISSN: 0024-4074, DOI: 10.1093/botlinnean/box016
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 184/1 2019-06-14
2017 Oriane Hidalgo, Jaume Pellicer, Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Harald Schneider, Ilia J. Leitch
Genomic gigantism in the whisk-fern family (Psilotaceae): Tmesipteris obliqua challenges record holder Paris japonica
published pages: 509-514, ISSN: 0024-4074, DOI: 10.1093/botlinnean/box003
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 183/4 2019-06-14

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