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GenSPI

Genomic Selection for Potato Improvement

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "GenSPI" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
TEAGASC - AGRICULTURE AND FOOD DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY 

Organization address
address: Oak Park
city: Carlow
postcode: R93
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Ireland [IE]
 Project website https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.3593570.v1
 Total cost 187˙866 €
 EC max contribution 187˙866 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-21   to  2017-09-20

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    TEAGASC - AGRICULTURE AND FOOD DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY IE (Carlow) coordinator 187˙866.00

Map

 Project objective

Ireland produces potatoes locally to satisfy its indigenous crisping industry. However, over 50,000 tonnes of potatoes still need to be imported each year due to problems with the long term storage of locally produced product. Potatoes destined for crisping are normally stored at 8 degrees, below this glucose accumulates leading to very dark fry colours and potential acrylamide build up. Unfortunately, sprouting occurs above 8 degrees and impacts product quality. This necessitates the use of sprout suppressant chemicals such as chlorpropham. The EU is moving to phase out the use of such chemicals due to health concerns, and it is therefore necessary to develop potatoes that can be stored below 8 degrees without suffering from low temperature sweetening (LTS). LTS is under polygenic control and therefore challenging for traditional breeding programmes, particularly when it needs to be combined with other traits such as yield and disease resistance. This is where new breeding methodologies such as genomic selection (GS) can assist traditional programmes. GS is a form of marker assisted selection that simultaneously estimates all loci, haplotype, or marker effects across the entire genome to calculate Genomic Estimated Breeding Values (GEBVs). GEBVs are then used to select individuals for advancement in the breeding cycle without direct phenotyping. GEBVs for characteristics such as resistance to LTS would radically enhance potato breeding and lead to the development of more suitable processing varieties. This proposal involves directly aligning a pilot GS programme to a traditional breeding programme to evaluate the potential for GS in potato breeding. We envisage that GS will enable the screening of an extremely large number of individuals at a seedling stage, ensuring that only the most valuable material is advanced for extensive and expensive phenotyping. This will enable a dramatic increase in the genetic progress for the development of improved potato varieties.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2020 Stephen Byrne, Fergus Meade, Francesca Mesiti, Denis Griffin, Colum Kennedy, Dan Milbourne
Genome-Wide Association and Genomic Prediction for Fry Color in Potato
published pages: 90, ISSN: 2073-4395, DOI: 10.3390/agronomy10010090
Agronomy 10/1 2020-03-24
2017 Stephen L. Byrne, Patrick Conaghan, Susanne Barth, Sai Krishna Arojju, Michael Casler, Thibauld Michel, Janaki Velmurugan, Dan Milbourne
Using variable importance measures to identify a small set of SNPs to predict heading date in perennial ryegrass
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-03232-8
Scientific Reports 7/1 2019-07-24
2018 Sai Krishna Arojju, Patrick Conaghan, Susanne Barth, Dan Milbourne, Michael D. Casler, Trevor R. Hodkinson, Thibauld Michel, Stephen L. Byrne
Genomic prediction of crown rust resistance in Lolium perenne
published pages: , ISSN: 1471-2156, DOI: 10.1186/s12863-018-0613-z
BMC Genetics 19/1 2019-07-24
2016 Sai Krishna Arojju, Susanne Barth, Dan Milbourne, Patrick Conaghan, Janaki Velmurugan, Trevor R. Hodkinson, Stephen L. Byrne
Markers associated with heading and aftermath heading in perennial ryegrass full-sib families
published pages: , ISSN: 1471-2229, DOI: 10.1186/s12870-016-0844-y
BMC Plant Biology 16/1 2019-07-24

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