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MENTALIZINGORIGINS SIGNED

Origins of theory of mind: action prediction by great apes and human infants

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 MENTALIZINGORIGINS project word cloud

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organism    evolutionary    attribution    psychology    agents    decades    minds    question    origins    consensus    thinking    begun    ing    st    school    attempting    cognitive    basis    tests    data    anticipatory    clearer    mind    intense    desires    series    looks    voe    beliefs    argue    deceive    innovative    human    tom    developmental    offers    perceptions    representational    university    interpretability    skills    apes    impute    cooperate    powerful    andrews    mental    precursors    literature    josep    ontogenetic    objects    sophisticated    unobservable    theory    underpinnings    unfamiliar    eye    elucidate    critical    demands    auspicious    hypotheses    psychologists    anticipation    neuroscience    conflict    experiments    action    false    teach    resolve    locations    combine    ignorance    marshals    adults    acting    sequentially    understudied    empathize    paradigms    infants    carpenter    distinguish    form    profs    esteemed    tracking    share    worldwide    gaps    predictions    malinda    cognitively    social    inferences   

Project "MENTALIZINGORIGINS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS 

Organization address
address: NORTH STREET 66 COLLEGE GATE
city: ST ANDREWS
postcode: KY16 9AJ
website: www.st-andrews.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 183˙454 €
 EC max contribution 183˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-01-01   to  2019-12-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS UK (ST ANDREWS) coordinator 183˙454.00

Map

 Project objective

Theory of mind (ToM) is the ability to impute unobservable mental states, such as desires and beliefs, to others. Our inferences about what others are thinking allow us to deceive and to empathize, to cooperate and to teach. For four decades, researchers have been attempting to elucidate the evolutionary and ontogenetic origins of this critical cognitive ability. In conflict with a long-held consensus, some have begun to argue that human infants (and to some extent great apes) share with human adults even the most cognitively sophisticated representational ToM abilities. To help resolve the intense resulting debate, this proposal presents a series of targeted experiments to test for several understudied but key ToM skills in great apes and human infants. The skills in question—attribution of (a) unfamiliar desires, (b) ignorance, and (c) false perceptions—form the basis of an organism’s ability to distinguish others’ minds from its own and build sequentially in terms of their cognitive and representational underpinnings. The present proposal marshals innovative new anticipatory looking eye-tracking methods and the most auspicious conditions available worldwide, through support of esteemed comparative and developmental psychologists Profs Josep Call and Malinda Carpenter and the School of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of St Andrews, to address these major gaps in the social cognitive literature. The proposal’s novel anticipatory looking methods, which assess participants’ predictions based on their looks in anticipation of agents’ acting on specific locations or objects, combine low task demands (like VoE paradigms) with clearer interpretability (much like action-based tasks). The proposal thus offers powerful tests of the hypotheses that great apes and human infants share with human adults a representational theory of mind. These studies will contribute key data to our understanding of the ontogenetic and evolutionary precursors of the human mind.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Christopher Krupenye, Josep Call
Theory of mind in animals: Current and future directions
published pages: , ISSN: 1939-5078, DOI: 10.1002/wcs.1503
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science 10/6 2020-03-05
2019 Fumihiro Kano, Christopher Krupenye, Satoshi Hirata, Masaki Tomonaga, Josep Call
Great apes use self-experience to anticipate an agent’s action in a false-belief test
published pages: 20904-20909, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1910095116
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116/42 2020-03-05

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