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Commercial introduction of the first Airborne Wind Energy system: Renewable energy at costs below fully depreciated coal fired power plants

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "AMPYXAP3" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: LULOFSSTRAAT 55 UNIT 13
city: DEN HAAG
postcode: 2521 AL
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Project website
 Total cost 3˙701˙937 €
 EC max contribution 2˙500˙000 € (68%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.3.3. (SOCIETAL CHALLENGES - Secure, clean and efficient energy)
2. H2020-EU.2.3.1. (Mainstreaming SME support, especially through a dedicated instrument)
 Code Call H2020-SMEINST-2-2014
 Funding Scheme SME-2
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-04-01   to  2019-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    AMPYX POWER BV NL (DEN HAAG) coordinator 2˙500˙000.00


 Project objective

Ampyx Power develops the PowerPlane, an Airborne Wind Energy System (AWES). AWES are second generation wind turbines that use the stronger and more constant wind at altitudes between 100 and 600 meters. Project AMPYXAP3 concerns the design, construction and testing of the first article of an initial commercial PowerPlane, version AP3.

The global transition to a sustainable energy supply is burdened by the exorbitant societal costs associated with it. Renewable energy infrastructure projects have extremely high capital costs, and in most cases the cost per kWh of renewable electricity produced exceeds the cost of fossil-fuelled alternatives, thus requiring subsidies or other supportive instruments from governments. The economic effects of the energy transition are very significant, including the deterioration of international competitive position of countries or regions with high ambition levels regarding climate change, such as the EU – caused by rising electricity prices for industry. PowerPlane technology will have a disruptive effect on the electricity generation sector; due to the low levelised cost of energy (LCoE) that can be achieved with it, and due to its low capital costs.

The need for a low cost, low capital investment renewable energy technology is evident. The AP3 PowerPlane, to be developed in the AMPYXAP3 project, fulfils the customer need of PowerPlane technology demonstration in long-term continuous safe operation at costs and LCoE as predicted.

Ampyx Power aspires to manufacture and sell PowerPlane systems, as well as deliver operational and maintenance services to wind park owners. As a consequence, Ampyx Power projects revenues from PowerPlane system sales and installations, as well as from operation and maintenance (O&M) contracts. Hence, the AMPYXAP3 project is core business for Ampyx Power.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 E.C. Malz, J. Koenemann, S. Sieberling, S. Gros
A reference model for airborne wind energy systems for optimization and control
published pages: 1004-1011, ISSN: 0960-1481, DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2019.03.111
Renewable Energy 140 2019-11-26
2017 Jonas Koenemann, Paul Williams, Soeren Sieberling, Moritz Diehl
Modeling of an airborne wind energy system with a flexible tether model for the optimization of landing trajectories * *Support by the EU via ERC-HIGHWIND (259 166), ITN-TEMPO (607 957), and ITN-AWESCO (642 682) and by DFG in context of the Research Unit FOR 2401.
published pages: 11944-11950, ISSN: 2405-8963, DOI: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2017.08.1037
IFAC-PapersOnLine 50/1 2019-11-26
2019 Giovanni Licitra, Adrian Bürger, Paul Williams, Richard Ruiterkamp, Moritz Diehl
Aerodynamic model identification of an autonomous aircraft for airborne wind energy
published pages: 422-447, ISSN: 0143-2087, DOI: 10.1002/oca.2485
Optimal Control Applications and Methods 40/3 2019-11-26
2017 G. Licitra, P. Williams, J. Gillis, S. Ghandchi, S. Sieberling, R. Ruiterkamp, M. Diehl
Aerodynamic Parameter Identification for an Airborne Wind Energy Pumping System * *This research was supported by Support by the EU via ERC-HIGHWIND (259 166), ITN-TEMPO (607 957), ITN-AWESCO (642 682) and by DFG in context of the Research Unit FOR 2401.
published pages: 11951-11958, ISSN: 2405-8963, DOI: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2017.08.1038
IFAC-PapersOnLine 50/1 2019-11-26
2018 G. Licitra, A. Bürger, P. Williams, R. Ruiterkamp, M. Diehl
Optimal input design for autonomous aircraft
published pages: 15-27, ISSN: 0967-0661, DOI: 10.1016/j.conengprac.2018.04.013
Control Engineering Practice 77 2019-11-26
2017 Paul Williams
Cable Modeling Approximations for Rapid Simulation
published pages: 1779-1788, ISSN: 0731-5090, DOI: 10.2514/1.g002354
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics 40/7 2019-11-26
2019 P. Williams et al.
Flight Test Verification of a Rigid Wing Airborne Wind Energy System
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:

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