Opendata, web and dolomites


Behavioral and neural determinants of metacognition and self-awareness in human adults and infants

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "METAWARE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: 45, RUE D'ULM
city: PARIS CEDEX 05
postcode: 75230

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 1˙981˙338 €
 EC max contribution 1˙981˙338 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-02-01   to  2021-01-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    ECOLE NORMALE SUPERIEURE FR (PARIS CEDEX 05) coordinator 1˙761˙338.00


 Project objective

Proposal summary. Understanding the psychological and neurobiological determinants of consciousness is fundamental. Yet, the main trend focusing on how the front of the brain (prefrontal cortex) interacts with the back (sensory cortex) for accessing perceptual contents limits our understanding of the information coding schemas underlying consciousness. Here, we explore these informational properties in adults and infants from 3 novel perspectives: sleep, self-consciousness and metacognition. First, we will study unconscious processes in the full absence of consciousness, including self-consciousness and metacognition, by focusing on the sleeping brain’s ability to process and learn information from its environment. While most studies on subliminal perception measured unconscious processes intermixed with conscious ones, studying their impact in the sleeping brain will provide new insights on a broader and more natural type of unconscious. Secondly, we will explore the fundamental issue of whether multiple agents can share information and each other’s conscious access mechanisms, without being aware of it. Using a novel approach called the “Reversed Perspective Paradigm”, we will study if access to conscious content can be determined by another agent’s actions and sensory processing while the agent is lured to believe she owns these access mechanisms. We aim at challenging the long-held conviction that consciousness is a paradigm of privacy, by breaking it using virtual reality and objective methods from psychology. Finally, we will attempt to answer the two fundamental issues of whether infants have a capacity for metacognition (do they know they know) and whether they experience self-consciousness (do they feel themselves as a unitary entity). Examining these self-reflection mechanisms, through behavioural and EEG techniques, will address the issue of whether humans in the initial state have a primitive self, or are actually unconscious about their own person.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2016 Thomas Andrillon, Sid Kouider
Implicit memory for words heard during sleep
published pages: niw014, ISSN: 2057-2107, DOI: 10.1093/nc/niw014
Neuroscience of Consciousness 2016/1 2019-09-06
2016 Louise Goupil, Margaux Romand-Monnier, Sid Kouider
Infants ask for help when they know they don’t know
published pages: 3492-3496, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1515129113
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113/13 2019-09-06
2016 Louise Goupil, Sid Kouider
Behavioral and Neural Indices of Metacognitive Sensitivity in Preverbal Infants
published pages: 3038-3045, ISSN: 0960-9822, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.09.004
Current Biology 26/22 2019-09-06
2017 Stanislas Dehaene, Hakwan Lau, Sid Kouider
What is consciousness, and could machines have it?
published pages: 486-492, ISSN: 0036-8075, DOI: 10.1126/science.aan8871
Science 358/6362 2019-09-06
2016 Thomas Andrillon, Andreas Trier Poulsen, Lars Kai Hansen, Damien Léger, Sid Kouider
Neural Markers of Responsiveness to the Environment in Human Sleep
published pages: 6583-6596, ISSN: 0270-6474, DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0902-16.2016
The Journal of Neuroscience 36/24 2019-09-06
2015 Thomas Andrillon, Sid Kouider, Trevor Agus, Daniel Pressnitzer
Perceptual Learning of Acoustic Noise Generates Memory-Evoked Potentials
published pages: 2823-2829, ISSN: 0960-9822, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.09.027
Current Biology 25/21 2019-09-06
2016 Sid Kouider, Antoine Barbot, Kristoffer H. Madsen, Stéphane Lehericy, Christopher Summerfield
Task relevance differentially shapes ventral visual stream sensitivity to visible and invisible faces
published pages: niw021, ISSN: 2057-2107, DOI: 10.1093/nc/niw021
Neuroscience of Consciousness 2016/1 2019-09-06
2018 Leonardo S. Barbosa, Sid Kouider
Prior Expectation Modulates Repetition Suppression without Perceptual Awareness
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-23467-3
Scientific Reports 8/1 2019-09-06
2017 Auréliane Pajani, Sid Kouider, Paul Roux, Vincent de Gardelle
Unsuppressible Repetition Suppression and exemplar-specific Expectation Suppression in the Fusiform Face Area
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-00243-3
Scientific Reports 7/1 2019-09-06
2017 Thomas Andrillon, Daniel Pressnitzer, Damien Léger, Sid Kouider
Formation and suppression of acoustic memories during human sleep
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00071-z
Nature Communications 8/1 2019-09-06

Are you the coordinator (or a participant) of this project? Plaese send me more information about the "METAWARE" project.

For instance: the website url (it has not provided by EU-opendata yet), the logo, a more detailed description of the project (in plain text as a rtf file or a word file), some pictures (as picture files, not embedded into any word file), twitter account, linkedin page, etc.

Send me an  email ( and I put them in your project's page as son as possible.

Thanks. And then put a link of this page into your project's website.

The information about "METAWARE" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

More projects from the same programme (H2020-EU.1.1.)


The Enemy of the Good: Towards a Theory of Moral Progress

Read More  

FICOMOL (2019)

Field Control of Cold Molecular Collisions

Read More  

ii-MAX (2020)

Unravelling new immunity-independent mechanisms for durable resistance to blast fungi using MAX effectors

Read More