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Southern Ocean and Antarctic Climatic Phasing:Tephrochronological Correlation of Southern Ocean Marine Records and Antarctic Ice-cores

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 SHARP project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the SHARP project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "SHARP" about.

atlantic    dml    cryptotephras    mechanisms    visible    ocean    anthropogenic    trace    asynchronous    previously    thermal    lines    earth    unknown    archives    hemisphere    ash    atmospheric    boundary    southern    levels    tie    relationships    water    synchronisation    tephrochronology    valuable    see    saw    synchronise    reorganisations    time    hemispheres    regions    rising    interhemispheric    provides    region    assessing    independently    glacial    determining    sedimentary    bp    kyr    sequences    volcanic    synchronous    technique    constraints    distal    models    precise    temporal    northern    ice    simulating    scope    ascertaining    cryptotephra    deep    forcing    core    network    rate    ventilation    caused    advancing    establishing    phasing    variations    period    climatic    fluctuations    last    bipolar    variability    cores    realm    epica    tighter    records    co2    inspection    recognition    identification    oceanic    timing    recording    transfer    upwind    deposited    antarctic    palaeoclimatic    sheet    heat    marine    horizons   

Project "SHARP" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: NEWPORT ROAD 30-36
postcode: CF24 ODE

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 267˙147 €
 EC max contribution 267˙147 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-GF
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-09-01   to  2019-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CARDIFF UNIVERSITY UK (CARDIFF) coordinator 267˙147.00
2    UNIVERSITAET BERN CH (BERN) partner 0.00


 Project objective

Determining the temporal relationships of large-scale atmospheric and oceanic fluctuations is crucial for advancing understanding of the mechanisms controlling heat transfer between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The thermal bipolar see-saw caused asynchronous interhemispheric climatic changes during the last glacial period and Southern Ocean marine records and the Antarctic ice-cores are valuable archives recording this past climatic variability. Ascertaining the precise phasing of the climatic variability between these records provides crucial boundary conditions for testing models simulating the future behaviour of the bipolar see-saw and assessing potential large-scale oceanic and atmospheric reorganisations under anthropogenic forcing. In addition, establishing tighter constraints on phase relationships between sedimentary evidence for deep-water ventilation of CO2, and ice-core evidence for past atmospheric CO2 variations is key to determining the future response of the Earth system to rising CO2 levels. This project will address this challenge by ascertaining the rate, timing and phasing of Southern Hemisphere climatic changes between 40-10 kyr BP using tephrochronology to independently synchronise the palaeoclimatic sequences using common horizons of volcanic ash as time-synchronous tie-lines. Recognition of ash horizons not visible upon core inspection (cryptotephras) within sequences increasingly distal from volcanic regions has increased the scope of this technique. Cryptotephra identification methods will be used to trace ash horizons visible in Antarctic ice-cores into a marine core network from the Southern Ocean Atlantic sector and to trace previously unknown horizons identified in the marine realm into the Antarctic Atlantic sector EPICA DML ice-core. This region has a high potential for synchronisation due to the number of upwind volcanic regions that have previously deposited volcanic ash over the ice-sheet and Southern Ocean.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Peter M. Abbott, Adam J. Griggs, Anna J. Bourne, Siwan M. Davies
Tracing marine cryptotephras in the North Atlantic during the last glacial period: Protocols for identification, characterisation and evaluating depositional controls
published pages: 81-97, ISSN: 0025-3227, DOI: 10.1016/j.margeo.2018.04.008
Marine Geology 401 2020-03-20
2018 Peter M. Abbott, Adam J. Griggs, Anna J. Bourne, Mark R. Chapman, Siwan M. Davies
Tracing marine cryptotephras in the North Atlantic during the last glacial period: Improving the North Atlantic marine tephrostratigraphic framework
published pages: 169-186, ISSN: 0277-3791, DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.03.023
Quaternary Science Reviews 189 2020-03-20

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