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Towards Replacement of Critical Catalyst Materials by Improved Nanoparticle Control and Rational Design

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 CritCat project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the CritCat project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "CritCat" about.

small    techniques    nanoparticle    chemical    hydrogen    integral    heterogeneous    abundant    cooperation    samples    fuel    expertise    descriptor    collected    technological    industrial    characterization    critical    size    reactions    theoretical    computational    machine    simulations    learning    renewable    gas    database    performance    trl    structure    substitution    theory    commercial    synthesis    solutions    groups    fuels    tm    prototypes    substrates    nanoparticles    rational    ultra    feedback    macroscopic    catalytic    metals    context    data    experimental    components    usa    storage    catalysts    scaling    catalyst    conversion    technologies    packages    basic    model    academic    cluster    materials    shape    surface    rare    external    emphasis    platinum    pgms    realistic    earth    syngas    industrially    quality    group    quantities    cells    screening    play    mechanism    optimal    catalysis    explore    energy    electrochemical    unrivalled    transition    instrumental    industry    critcat    deployment    algorithms    demonstrated    latest    japan    metal    loop   

Project "CritCat" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


There are not information about this coordinator. Please contact Fabio for more information, thanks.

 Coordinator Country Finland [FI]
 Project website
 Total cost 4˙369˙292 €
 EC max contribution 4˙369˙292 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.2.1.3. (INDUSTRIAL LEADERSHIP - Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies - Advanced materials)
 Code Call H2020-NMP-2015-two-stage
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-06-01   to  2019-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
2    TTY-SAATIO FI (TAMPERE) coordinator 0.00
3    SWANSEA UNIVERSITY UK (SWANSEA) participant 596˙692.00
4    AALTO KORKEAKOULUSAATIO SR FI (ESPOO) participant 542˙890.00
5    SYNGASCHEM BV NL (NUENEN) participant 500˙000.00
7    NPL MANAGEMENT LIMITED UK (MIDDLESEX) participant 467˙031.00
10    TETHIS SPA IT (MILANO) participant 311˙596.00


 Project objective

The CritCat proposal aims to provide solutions for the substitution of critical metals, especially rare platinum group metals (PGMs), used in heterogeneous and electrochemical catalysis. CritCat will explore the properties of ultra-small transition metal (TM) nanoparticles in order achieve optimal catalytic performance with earth-abundant materials. The emphasis will be on industrially-relevant chemical reactions and emerging energy conversion technologies in which PGMs play an instrumental role, particularly in the context of hydrogen and synthesis gas (syngas) fuels. The CritCat proposal includes all the aspects for rational catalyst design including novel catalyst synthesis, characterization, and performance testing by a range of academic and industry partners together with large-scale computational simulations of the relevant catalysts, substrates and model reactions using the latest computational methods. Particular attention is given to a strong feedback-loop mechanism where theory is an integral part of the experimental work packages. The experimental and theoretical data will be collected (descriptor database) and used for materials screening via machine learning techniques and new algorithms. The goal is to improve size, shape and surface structure control of the tailored nanoparticle catalysts via novel cluster/nanoparticle synthesis techniques that can produce samples of unrivalled quality. The research includes up-scaling of the size-selected catalyst nanoparticle samples up to macroscopic quantities, which will enable them to be included as basic technological components for realistic catalyst systems. The performance of the catalyst prototypes will be demonstrated for selected basic electrochemical reactions relevant to fuel cells and storage of renewable energy. The industrial partners bring their expertise in prototypes development and commercial deployment (TRL 3-4). The project involves cooperation with external research groups in USA and Japan.


List of deliverables.
Report on the characterization of nanoparticle-powder systems (Task 3.3) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Report or paper on transition metal sulphide and phosphide cluster geometries (Task 1.2) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Report or paper of the electrochemical simulations with TM-based catalysts (Task 4.2) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Report or paper on the characterisation of size-selected transition metal chalcogenide clusters (Task 3.2) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Report or paper on the scaled-up carbon-supported catalyst powders and self-supported cathodes and anodes (Task 4.5) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:03
Report or paper on electrochemical performance of TM phosphide nanoparticles towards both HER and OER (Task 4.4) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Report or paper on the simulations of adsorbed clusters and comparison of their images with experiments (Task 3.6) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Final report on materials screening activities (Tasks 1.3 and 1.4) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
MODA tables (Task 6.4) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:03
Report or paper on bimetallic Pt-M cluster geometries (Task 1.2) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:03
Report or paper on the characterisation of Pt-M (M = Fe, Ni, Co) clusters (Task 3.1) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:03
Report or paper on the gas-phase reaction of propyne semihydrogenation (Tasks 4.1 and 4.3) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Report or paper on the characterisation of size-selected binary TM clusters (non-PGM) (Task 3.2) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Report or paper on the microstructural characterization of transition metal phosphide nanoparticles (Task 3.4) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:03
Report or paper on the gas-phase reactions of TM nanoparticles, ammonia decomposition (Tasks 4.1 and 4.3) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Report on industrial cross-check (Task 5.2) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Report or paper on the electrochemical properties of TM chalcogenide and phosphide nanoparticles (Task 4.4) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04
Report or paper on the search for descriptors (Task 1.3) Documents, reports 2020-02-07 16:29:04

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of CritCat deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 D. M. Foster, Th. Pavloudis, J. Kioseoglou, R. E. Palmer
Atomic-resolution imaging of surface and core melting in individual size-selected Au nanoclusters on carbon
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-10713-z
Nature Communications 10/1 2020-02-07
2018 Katherine E. MacArthur, Marc Heggen, Rafal E. Dunin-Borkowski
Differentiating the structure of PtNi octahedral nanoparticles through combined ADF–EDX simulations
published pages: , ISSN: 2198-0926, DOI: 10.1186/s40679-018-0053-x
Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging 4/1 2020-02-07
2018 Lauri Himanen, Patrick Rinke, Adam Stuart Foster
Materials structure genealogy and high-throughput topological classification of surfaces and 2D materials
published pages: , ISSN: 2057-3960, DOI: 10.1038/s41524-018-0107-6
npj Computational Materials 4/1 2020-02-07
2018 Mikko Hakala, Kari Laasonen
Hydrogen adsorption trends on Al-doped Ni 2 P surfaces for optimal catalyst design
published pages: 13785-13791, ISSN: 1463-9076, DOI: 10.1039/c8cp00927a
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 20/20 2020-02-07
2018 Lauri Partanen, Garold Murdachaew, Kari Laasonen
Oxygen Evolution Reaction Kinetic Barriers on Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotubes
published pages: 12892-12899, ISSN: 1932-7447, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b03269
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 122/24 2020-02-07
2018 Richard E. Palmer, Rongsheng Cai, Jerome Vernieres
Synthesis without Solvents: The Cluster (Nanoparticle) Beam Route to Catalysts and Sensors
published pages: 2296-2304, ISSN: 0001-4842, DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.8b00287
Accounts of Chemical Research 51/9 2020-02-07
2019 Bryan Owens-Baird, Junyuan Xu, Dmitri Y. Petrovykh, Oleksandr Bondarchuk, Yasmine Ziouani, Noelia González-Ballesteros, Philip Yox, Foteini M. Sapountzi, Hans Niemantsverdriet, Yury V. Kolen’ko, Kirill Kovnir
NiP 2 : A Story of Two Divergent Polymorphic Multifunctional Materials
published pages: 3407-3418, ISSN: 0897-4756, DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b00565
Chemistry of Materials 31/9 2020-02-07
2019 Li Ma, Jaakko Akola
Varying oxygen coverage on Cu 55 and its effect on CO oxidation
published pages: 11351-11358, ISSN: 1463-9076, DOI: 10.1039/c9cp00974d
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 21/21 2020-02-07
2019 Isilda Amorim, Junyuan Xu, Nan Zhang, Dehua Xiong, Sitaramanjaneya M. Thalluri, Rajesh Thomas, Juliana P.S. Sousa, Ana Araújo, Hong Li, Lifeng Liu
Bi-metallic cobalt-nickel phosphide nanowires for electrocatalysis of the oxygen and hydrogen evolution reactions
published pages: , ISSN: 0920-5861, DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2019.05.037
Catalysis Today 2020-02-07
2019 Wei Li, Dehua Xiong, Xuefei Gao, Lifeng Liu
The oxygen evolution reaction enabled by transition metal phosphide and chalcogenide pre-catalysts with dynamic changes
published pages: , ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/c9cc02845e
Chemical Communications 2020-02-07
2019 Liliana P.L. Gonçalves, Jianguang Wang, Simone Vinati, Emanuele Barborini, Xian-Kui Wei, Marc Heggen, Miguel Franco, Juliana P.S. Sousa, Dmitri Y. Petrovykh, Olívia Salomé G.P. Soares, Kirill Kovnir, Jaakko Akola, Yury V. Kolen\'ko
Combined experimental and theoretical study of acetylene semi-hydrogenation over Pd/Al2O3
published pages: , ISSN: 0360-3199, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.04.086
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2020-02-07
2017 Andrew J. Wain, Michael A. O’Connell
Advances in surface-enhanced vibrational spectroscopy at electrochemical interfaces
published pages: 188-209, ISSN: 2374-6149, DOI: 10.1080/23746149.2016.1268931
Advances in Physics: X 2/1 2020-02-07
2018 Junyuan Xu, Dehua Xiong, Isilda Amorim, Lifeng Liu
Template-Free Synthesis of Hollow Iron Phosphide–Phosphate Composite Nanotubes for Use as Active and Stable Oxygen Evolution Electrocatalysts
published pages: 617-624, ISSN: 2574-0970, DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.7b00122
ACS Applied Nano Materials 1/2 2020-02-07
2017 Li Ma, Kari Laasonen, Jaakko Akola
Catalytic Activity of AuCu Clusters on MgO(100): Effect of Alloy Composition for CO Oxidation
published pages: 10876-10886, ISSN: 1932-7447, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b12054
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121/20 2020-02-07
2018 Junyuan Xu, Junjie Li, Dehua Xiong, Bingsen Zhang, Yuefeng Liu, Kuang-Hsu Wu, Isilda Amorim, Wei Li, Lifeng Liu
Trends in activity for the oxygen evolution reaction on transition metal (M = Fe, Co, Ni) phosphide pre-catalysts
published pages: 3470-3476, ISSN: 2041-6520, DOI: 10.1039/c7sc05033j
Chemical Science 9/14 2020-02-07
2018 Junyuan Xu, Shane Murphy, Dehua Xiong, Rongsheng Cai, Xian-Kui Wei, Marc Heggen, Emanuele Barborini, Simone Vinati, Rafal E. Dunin-Borkowski, Richard E. Palmer, Lifeng Liu
Cluster Beam Deposition of Ultrafine Cobalt and Ruthenium Clusters for Efficient and Stable Oxygen Evolution Reaction
published pages: 3013-3018, ISSN: 2574-0962, DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b00111
ACS Applied Energy Materials 1/7 2020-02-07
2018 Junyuan Xu, Juliana P. S. Sousa, Natalia E. Mordvinova, José Diogo Costa, Dmitri Y. Petrovykh, Kirill Kovnir, Oleg I. Lebedev, Yury V. Kolen’ko
Al-Induced In Situ Formation of Highly Active Nanostructured Water-Oxidation Electrocatalyst Based on Ni-Phosphide
published pages: 2595-2600, ISSN: 2155-5435, DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b03817
ACS Catalysis 8/3 2020-02-07
2017 Wei Li, Xuefei Gao, Dehua Xiong, Fang Wei, Wei-Guo Song, Junyuan Xu, Lifeng Liu
Hydrothermal Synthesis of Monolithic Co 3 Se 4 Nanowire Electrodes for Oxygen Evolution and Overall Water Splitting with High Efficiency and Extraordinary Catalytic Stability
published pages: 1602579, ISSN: 1614-6832, DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201602579
Advanced Energy Materials 7/17 2020-02-07
2019 Lauri Partanen, Mikko Hakala, Kari Laasonen
Hydrogen adsorption trends on various metal-doped Ni 2 P surfaces for optimal catalyst design
published pages: 184-191, ISSN: 1463-9076, DOI: 10.1039/c8cp06143b
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 21/1 2020-02-07

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