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AVISSO SIGNED

Audiovisual Speech Segmentation and Oscillations

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "AVISSO" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITEIT MAASTRICHT 

Organization address
address: Minderbroedersberg 4-6
city: MAASTRICHT
postcode: 6200 MD
website: http://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Project website https://band-lab.com/iii-the-people/iii-ii-the-people-post-docs/iii-ii-i-the-people-post-docs-emmanuel-biau/
 Total cost 165˙598 €
 EC max contribution 165˙598 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-05-02   to  2018-05-01

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITEIT MAASTRICHT NL (MAASTRICHT) coordinator 165˙598.00

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 Project objective

Daily social tasks (e.g. meetings, shopping) rely on human communication with speech. Auditory only studies established that continuous speech segmentation relies on the temporal integration of rhythmic acoustic features occurring at delta-theta rates in the signal, via a possible mechanism of entrainment coupled with beta activity. In terms of neural correlates, the timing network (including the basal ganglia, supplementary motor area and cerebellum) may actively contribute to the temporal integration of auditory signal during continuous speech segmentation. However, speech is often multimodal and listeners need to integrate speaker’s body movements aligned to rhythmic acoustic features. Consequently, AV speech may generate different rhythmic patterns than auditory only speech. How the brain translates naturally concomitant AV rhythms to facilitate speech segmentation clearly remains to be addressed. The goal of this project is to investigate the oscillatory patterns and neural correlates of AV rhythms resulting from the temporal integration of body movements and salient acoustic features in speech. In a first EEG experiment, I will compare the modulations of delta-theta entrainment and coupling with beta activity, depending on the relationship between visual and auditory information (congruent, incongruent and auditory only). Secondly, in an fMRI version of the experiment, I will explore the contribution of the timing network during AV speech segmentation, and its different patterns of activations across speech conditions. Finally, to test whether the brain areas revealed by fMRI have a necessary role for the successful AV speech segmentation, I will run the same fMRI experiment with Parkinson’s disease patients with dysfunctional basal ganglia. Looking at the timing network patterns of activations will also reveal if correlated body information eventually help PD to compensate basal ganglia deficit with greater contribution of alternative path (i.e. cerebellum).

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Lauren A. Fromont, Salvador Soto-Faraco, Emmanuel Biau
Searching High and Low: Prosodic Breaks Disambiguate Relative Clauses
published pages: , ISSN: 1664-1078, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00096
Frontiers in Psychology 8 2019-06-13

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The information about "AVISSO" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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