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Pod Yield SIGNED

“Can bean yield losses caused by drought, heat stress and climate change be ameliorated by enhancing pod-specific stomatal conductance?”

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 Pod Yield project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the Pod Yield project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "Pod Yield" about.

tech    translational    usfd    worldwide    interdisciplinary    transfer    direct    naturally    terahertz    tackle    biotechnology    prof    empirical    losses    fill    phaseolus    designed    conductance    ibt    guard    stress    group    heat    drought    acutifolius    national    opening    transpiration    crops    thermography    scenario    university    stomatal    tepary    rnaseq    intolerant    beneficiary    co2    crop    autonomous    transformants    promoter    gas    arabidopsis    stable    lab    combines    food    cutting    edge    unam    plant    infrared    void    enhancement    droughts    legume    spectroscopy    ing    security    climate    agri    experimentally    time    first    back    phenotype    elevated    pod    water    cell    dominant    warming    transcriptomic    mexico    covarrubias    transgenic    allele    vulgaris    trained    soybean    expression    gray    innovation    global    expertise    causing    bean    flux    uses    vulnerable    yield    hypothesis    return    experiments    sheffield    critical    tolerant    characterise    compatible    construct   

Project "Pod Yield" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD 

Organization address
address: FIRTH COURT WESTERN BANK
city: SHEFFIELD
postcode: S10 2TN
website: www.shef.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website http://www.podyield.org
 Total cost 237˙493 €
 EC max contribution 237˙493 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-GF
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-06-12   to  2020-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD UK (SHEFFIELD) coordinator 237˙493.00
2    UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL AUTONOMA DE MEXICO MX (MEXICO DISTRITO FEDERAL) partner 0.00

Map

 Project objective

CO2-induced climate change is causing global warming and droughts, resulting in crop yield losses. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) is among the most important food crops worldwide, but is very vulnerable to heat- and drought-induced yield losses. The key objective of this project is to experimentally test the potential for increased pod transpiration to enhance bean pod yield under climate-change-associated drought and heat stress. I will fill an empirical void by, for the first time, testing this critical hypothesis in (1) naturally drought- and heat- tolerant tepary bean (Phaseolus acutifolius) using transcriptomic analysis, and (2) by transgenic enhancement of pod-specific stomatal conductance in the stress-intolerant common bean (P. vulgaris). For comparative transcriptomic analysis of Phaseolus pod drought and heat responses I will be trained in RNAseq, and for transgenic experiments I will produce stable Phaseolus transformants and characterise pod water flux by cutting-edge terahertz spectroscopy during the out-going phase in the lab of Prof. Covarrubias at the Institute of Biotechnology, National Autonomous University of Mexico (IBT-UNAM). I have designed a soybean promoter-driven construct that will direct expression of a dominant Arabidopsis allele to enhance Phaseolus pod stomatal opening and this will be compatible for use in many legume crops. To transfer this important agri-tech innovation back to Europe, I will characterise tepary bean and the transgenic plant’s growth and yield responses to a Future Climate Change Scenario during the return phase at the beneficiary, the University of Sheffield (USFD). At the USFD the group of Prof. Gray has unique expertise in stomatal and guard cell responses to elevated [CO2] and combines infrared thermography and infrared-gas analysis to phenotype whole-plant CO2 growth responses. The project uses an interdisciplinary and translational approach to tackle food security issues under climate change.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Alejandra A. Covarrubias, Cesar L. Cuevas-Velazquez, Paulette S. Romero-Pérez, David F. Rendón-Luna, Caspar C. C. Chater
Structural disorder in plant proteins: where plasticity meets sessility
published pages: , ISSN: 1420-9071, DOI: 10.1007/s00018-017-2557-2
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 2019-10-29
2019 U. Mohammed, R. S. Caine, J. A. Atkinson, E. L. Harrison, D. Wells, C. C. Chater, J. E. Gray, R. Swarup, E. H. Murchie
Rice plants overexpressing OsEPF1 show reduced stomatal density and increased root cortical aerenchyma formation
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-41922-7
Scientific Reports 2019-10-29
2017 Caspar C.C. Chater, Robert S. Caine, Andrew J. Fleming, Julie E. Gray
Origins and Evolution of Stomatal Development
published pages: , ISSN: 1532-2548, DOI: 10.1104/pp.17.00183
Plant Physiology 2019-10-29
2019 Robert S. Caine Xiaojia Yin Jennifer Sloan Emily L. Harrison Umar Mohammed Timothy Fulton Akshaya K. Biswal Jacqueline Dionora Caspar C. Chater Robert A. Coe Anindya Bandyopadhyay Erik H. Murchie Ranjan Swarup W. Paul Quick Julie E. Gray
Rice with reduced stomatal density conserves water and has improved drought tolerance under future climate conditions
published pages: , ISSN: 1469-8137, DOI: 10.1111/nph.15344
New Phytologist 2019-10-29

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