Opendata, web and dolomites


On Human Shielding

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 OHS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the OHS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "OHS" about.

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Project "OHS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: EH8 9YL

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 195˙454 €
 EC max contribution 195˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-RI
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-09-01   to  2019-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH UK (EDINBURGH) coordinator 195˙454.00


 Project objective

OHS aims to examine the history and contemporary politics of human shielding. In international humanitarian law (IHL) and military manuals, human shielding generally refers to the deployment of civilians to deter attacks on combatants or military sites. The dramatic intensification of urban warfare during the last decades and the growing “weaponization” of human bodies in contemporary warfare inevitably entail that civilians are increasingly caught in the front lines of the fighting, while the traditional distinction between civilians and combatants in international law is constantly blurred. Accusations of using civilians as human shields and thus as illegitimate instruments of military protection, coercion or deterrence have recently multiplied. OHS will investigate how the phenomenon of human shielding is transforming the category of civilian in war by pursuing two major objectives: 1) offer a historical-legal investigation of human shielding; and 2) identify and theorize the various forms of human shielding utilized in current theatres of violence. First, I aim to outline the development of the human shield category in IHL, tracing the historical events and the legal debates that during the nineteenth and twentieth century led to the consolidation of this category. Second, after this historical-legal reconstruction, I aim to identify, map and theorize the various forms of human shielding in order to improve our understanding of the diverse situations in which human shielding practices appeared in recent conflict zones—for instance Syria, Ukraine, Israel/Palestine, Nigeria—and the way they shape our understanding of war and contemporary political violence. I hypothesize that the different kinds of human shields operate in distinct ways and serve radically different military and political purposes. OHS will produce innovative knowledge on contemporary conflicts and contribute to the EU’s understanding of its IHL and human rights obligations.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Perugini, Gordon
Between Sovereignty and Race: The Bombardment of Hospitals in the Italo-Ethiopian War and the Colonial Imprint of International Law
published pages: 104, ISSN: 2046-6056, DOI: 10.13169/statecrime.8.1.0104
State Crime Journal 8/1 2020-04-08
2017 Nicola Perugini, Neve Gordon
Distinction and the Ethics of Violence: On the Legal Construction of Liminal Subjects and Spaces
published pages: 1385-1405, ISSN: 0066-4812, DOI: 10.1111/anti.12343
Antipode 49/5 2020-04-08
2018 Nicola Perugini
Settler colonial inversions: Israel\'s ‘disengagement’ and the Gush Katif ‘Museum of Expulsion’ in Jerusalem
published pages: 41-58, ISSN: 2201-473X, DOI: 10.1080/2201473x.2018.1487121
Settler Colonial Studies 9/1 2020-04-08
2019 Dr Nicola Perugini
“‘Hospital Shields’ and the Limits of International Law
published pages: 439-463, ISSN: 0938-5428, DOI:
European Journal of International Law Vol. 30 Issue 2 2020-04-08

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