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Carbon – Ice Composite Materials: Water Structure and Dynamics at the Carbon Interface

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "CARBONICE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: LONDON
postcode: WC1E 6BT
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙999˙806 €
 EC max contribution 1˙999˙806 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-06-01   to  2022-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON UK (LONDON) coordinator 1˙999˙806.00


 Project objective

Carbon and water in its various states of matter make up a substantial proportion of our Universe. The two materials are highly dissimilar with respect to their chemical and physical properties. Elemental carbon is even often referred to as a hydrophobic, ‘water-hating’ material. Yet, the two materials often coexist and critical processes take place at the interface between these unlike chemical species. This includes the hydration shells of hydrophobic moieties in biomolecules, clathrate hydrate materials where water molecules crystallise around hydrophobic guest species as well as icy comets which are often black due to the presence of carbon at their surfaces.

The aim of the CARBONICE project is to investigate the interface and interplay between water and carbon in detail. Using new and innovative experimental strategies, the water molecule will be placed in a variety of different yet highly relevant carbon environments. This will give us unprecedented insights into how water hydrates hydrophobic species which is highly important in the context of hydrophobic interactions. Investigations into how carbon species influence phase transitions of ice will give new insights into crystallisation phenomena but will also reveal the factors that lead to the formation of either ferro- or antiferroelectric ices. Creating carbon – ice composites in the lab as they exist on comets will enable us to understand the complex weather cycles on comets and may help explaining the unusual surface features recently identified by the Rosetta space probe.

In summary, this truly multidisciplinary project opens up a new spyhole to critically important processes at the water – carbon interface. The results will have an impact on the space, atmospheric and general materials sciences but will also be highly relevant with respect to further optimising the computer models of water as well as understanding the properties of water in nano-confinements and how it drives biological processes.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Christoph G. Salzmann
Water and methane stay together at extreme pressures
published pages: 16164-16166, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1911390116
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116/33 2020-02-06
2019 Sukhpreet K. Talewar, Siriney O. Halukeerthi, Regina Riedlaicher, Jacob J. Shephard, Alexander E. Clout, Alexander Rosu-Finsen, Gareth R. Williams, Arne Langhoff, Diethelm Johannsmann, Christoph G. Salzmann
Gaseous “nanoprobes” for detecting gas-trapping environments in macroscopic films of vapor-deposited amorphous ice
published pages: 134505, ISSN: 0021-9606, DOI: 10.1063/1.5113505
The Journal of Chemical Physics 151/13 2020-02-06
2019 Jennifer Lamb, Eliane Fischer, Martin Rosillo-Lopez, Christoph G. Salzmann, Jason P. Holland
Multi-functionalised graphene nanoflakes as tumour-targeting theranostic drug-delivery vehicles
published pages: 8880-8888, ISSN: 2041-6520, DOI: 10.1039/c9sc03736e
Chemical Science 10/38 2020-02-06
2020 Alexander Rosu-Finsen, Alfred Amon, Jeff Armstrong, Felix Fernandez-Alonso, Christoph G. Salzmann
Deep-Glassy Ice VI Revealed with a Combination of Neutron Spectroscopy and Diffraction
published pages: 1106-1111, ISSN: 1948-7185, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c00125
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2020-02-06
2018 Helen Y. Playford, Thomas F. Whale, Benjamin J. Murray, Matt G. Tucker, Christoph G. Salzmann
Analysis of stacking disorder in ice I using pair distribution functions
published pages: 1211-1220, ISSN: 1600-5767, DOI: 10.1107/s1600576718009056
Journal of Applied Crystallography 51/4 2020-02-06
2019 Christoph G. Salzmann
Advances in the experimental exploration of water’s phase diagram
published pages: 60901, ISSN: 0021-9606, DOI: 10.1063/1.5085163
The Journal of Chemical Physics 150/6 2020-02-06
2019 Martin Hart, Ji Chen, Angelos Michaelides, Andrea Sella, Milo S. P. Shaffer, Christoph G. Salzmann
One-Dimensional Pnictogen Allotropes inside Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes
published pages: 15216-15224, ISSN: 0020-1669, DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b02190
Inorganic Chemistry 58/22 2020-02-06
2019 Christoph G. Salzmann, Zainab Sharif, Craig L. Bull, Steven T. Bramwell, Alexander Rosu-Finsen, Nicholas P. Funnell
Ammonium Fluoride as a Hydrogen-Disordering Agent for Ice
published pages: 16486-16492, ISSN: 1932-7447, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b04476
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 123/26 2020-02-06
2018 Alexander Rosu-Finsen, Christoph G. Salzmann
Benchmarking acid and base dopants with respect to enabling the ice V to XIII and ice VI to XV hydrogen-ordering phase transitions
published pages: 244507, ISSN: 0021-9606, DOI: 10.1063/1.5022159
The Journal of Chemical Physics 148/24 2019-05-15
2018 Martin Rosillo-Lopez, Christoph G. Salzmann
Detailed Investigation into the Preparation of Graphene Oxide by Dichromate Oxidation
published pages: 6972-6978, ISSN: 2365-6549, DOI: 10.1002/slct.201801594
ChemistrySelect 3/24 2019-05-15
2018 Antonio Attanzio, Martin Rosillo-Lopez, Andrea Zampetti, Ioannis Ierides, Franco Cacialli, Christoph G. Salzmann, Matteo Palma
Assembly of graphene nanoflake–quantum dot hybrids in aqueous solution and their performance in light-harvesting applications
published pages: 19678-19683, ISSN: 2040-3364, DOI: 10.1039/C8NR06746E
Nanoscale 10/42 2019-05-15
2019 Alexander Rosu-Finsen, Christoph G. Salzmann
Origin of the low-temperature endotherm of acid-doped ice VI: new hydrogen-ordered phase of ice or deep glassy states?
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-6520, DOI: 10.1039/C8SC03647K
Chemical Science monthly 2019-05-15
2018 Martin Hart, Ji Chen, Angelos Michaelides, Andrea Sella, Milo S. P. Shaffer, Christoph G. Salzmann
One-Dimensional Arsenic Allotropes: Polymerization of Yellow Arsenic Inside Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes
published pages: 11649-11653, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201805856
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 57/36 2019-05-15

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