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RESILIENCE

Understanding the resilience of Amazonian floodplain ecosystems

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 RESILIENCE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the RESILIENCE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "RESILIENCE" about.

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Project "RESILIENCE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE 

Organization address
address: KAISERSTRASSE 12
city: KARLSRUHE
postcode: 76131
website: www.kit.edu

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website https://jips33.wixsite.com/petervandersleen/research-projects
 Total cost 171˙460 €
 EC max contribution 171˙460 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-08-01   to  2019-07-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE DE (KARLSRUHE) coordinator 171˙460.00

Map

 Project objective

The riparian forests that flank the major rivers in the Amazon Basin form a highly distinct ecosystem that connects the most biodiverse aquatic and terrestrial environments on the planet. These ‘flood forests’ are inundated for periods of up to six months each year. But although submerged part of the year, flood forests are susceptible to forest fires during the dry season, especially in El Niño (ENSO) drought years. Surprisingly, flood forests poorly regenerate after burning, and after repeated burning can transition to a savanna-like state in which the forest appears unable to regenerate altogether. Our previous field surveys and experiments suggest that seed dispersal limitations may play a fundamental role in understanding the resilience of flood forests to fire perturbations. Fire destroys the seed bank completely. We hypothesise that forest regeneration is arrested by limited seed dispersal as burnt treeless stands affect fish communities and the capacity to retain incoming seeds. Amazonian fishes heavily exploit flood forests during the rainy season. Most flood forest trees produce fruits and seeds during the time of high water, coinciding with the arrival of fishes. Fishes may play an important role as dispersal agents for flood forest trees, as tree seeds have been found in the stomachs of >200 fish species. The reduced input of seeds in burned areas suggests that fishes avoid entering these sites, resulting in a positive feedback that helps to keep these areas in a state of sparse tree cover. In the proposed research, we will assess the ecological barriers that explain arrested regeneration of Amazonian flood forests by evaluating the pathways of seed dispersal and the effects of fire on the composition and abundance of fish communities. Understanding the regeneration of flood forests after fire will become increasingly relevant as extreme ENSO drought events and their associated fires are predicted to become more frequent.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 P van der Sleen, RR Rykaczewski, BD Turley, WJ Sydeman, M García-Reyes, SJ Bograd, CD van der Lingen, JC Coetzee, T Lamont, BA Black
Non-stationary responses in anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) recruitment to coastal upwelling in the Southern Benguela
published pages: 155-164, ISSN: 0171-8630, DOI: 10.3354/meps12567
Marine Ecology Progress Series 596 2020-01-21
2018 Peter van der Sleen, Christoph Stransky, John R Morrongiello, Holger Haslob, Melita Peharda, Bryan A Black
Otolith increments in European plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) reveal temperature and density-dependent effects on growth
published pages: 1655-1663, ISSN: 1054-3139, DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsy011
ICES Journal of Marine Science 75/5 2020-01-21

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