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MicroPhan SIGNED

Rol of obligate bacterial symbiosis in the diversification of a globally distributed aphid genus

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 MicroPhan project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the MicroPhan project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "MicroPhan" about.

multidisciplinary    footprint    intracellular    severe    erosion    associations    hosts    earth    sequencing    genomes    symbiotic    climatic    phylogenomic    phylogenetic    biodiversity    distributed    evolutionary    molecular    diet    endosymbiont    accompanied    supervised    evolution    question    played    sequences    mutualistic    genomics    resides    deciphering    metabolic    agricultural    microbial    genome    macroevolutionary    obligate    lineages    symbiont    adaptive    phylogenomics    extinction    niches    tolerance    lifestyle    fine    bacterial    shifting    speciation    losses    limits    successfully    experts    endosymbionts    reconstruct    plant    genomic    nutrients    data    macroevolution    community    fellowship    probably    conducting    diversification    lacking    genetic    insect    metabolize    ecological    versatility    combine    crops    feeding    illuminate    network    patterns    cre    cells    international    aphids    ongoing    rates    history    genus    insects    transitions    innovative    drift    pests    reside    bacteria    endosymbiosis    shifts    globally    host    aphid   

Project "MicroPhan" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT 

Organization address
address: Rue De L'Universite 147
city: PARIS CEDEX 07
postcode: 75338
website: www.inra.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Project website https://www6.montpellier.inra.fr/cbgp_eng/Staff/Permanent-staff/Jousselin
 Total cost 171˙349 €
 EC max contribution 171˙349 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-GF
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-06-15   to  2020-06-14

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT FR (PARIS CEDEX 07) coordinator 171˙349.00
2    UNIVERSITE DE MONTREAL CA (MONTREAL) partner 0.00

Map

 Project objective

Plant-feeding insects represent a significant part of earth biodiversity but also encompass many plant pests that cause major losses to agricultural crops. One key factor in their evolutionary success probably resides in the mutualistic associations they have established with bacteria that reside in their cells. These endosymbionts metabolize some of the nutrients lacking in their host diet and can be essential for successfully shifting to new ecological niches. However, intracellular lifestyle also often results in severe genomic erosion for endosymbionts that limits their metabolic versatility and in fine affects their host adaptive potential. In this project we aim at deciphering the role of bacterial endosymbiosis in the long-term evolution of plant-feeding insects. The main question we want to address is whether the evolution of obligate bacterial endosymbionts played a significant role in the diversification (speciation and extinction) of their hosts. Using the genome sequences of the main bacterial endosymbionts associated with a globally distributed aphid genus, we will: 1) reconstruct the history of aphid/symbiont associations by conducting phylogenomic analyses; 2) identify the footprint of selection and genetic drift in bacterial genomes by comparing patterns of molecular evolution within and between symbiotic bacterial lineages; 3) illuminate how changes in the endosymbiont community metabolic capabilities have accompanied aphids evolutionary transitions (host plant shifts, climatic tolerance, rates of speciation) using phylogenetic comparative methods. Using the data from an ongoing large sequencing project, this project will combine recent methods in phylogenomics, metabolic network analyses and the study of macroevolutionary processes. With this fellowship, the applicant will lead an exciting and innovative multidisciplinary project, supervised by international experts in microbial evolutionary genomics and insect macroevolution; this project will cre

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