Explore the words cloud of the ONCOGENEVOL project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "ONCOGENEVOL" about.
The following table provides information about the project.
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
|Coordinator Country||France [FR]|
|Total cost||185˙076 €|
|EC max contribution||185˙076 € (100%)|
1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
|Duration (year-month-day)||from 2017-06-01 to 2019-07-31|
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|1||CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS||FR (PARIS)||coordinator||185˙076.00|
Certain papillomaviruses (PVs) are a major public health concern as in humans they are responsible for virtually all cases of cervical and anal cancer, and for a fraction of cancers on the penis, vagina, vulva and oropharynx. But oncogenic PVs are actually an unfortunate exception, as most PVs cause asymptomatic infections, and a few cause benign, wart-like lesions. Despite the efforts directed towards the understanding of the different clinical manifestations of infection, our knowledge on PV evolution remains fragmentary. Oncogenic human PVs arose recently, after acquiring the E5, E6 and E7 genes. The integration of the E5 proto-oncogene in the ancestral AlphaPV genome allowed viruses to evade host immune response. Thereafter E6 and E7 acquired the ability to target essential tumor suppressor proteins, paving the way for carcinogenesis. Tracking the evolutionary history of the E5, E6 and E7 oncogenes will thus help understand the emergence of oncogenic human PVs. Regarding the deep roots of PVs, small DNA viruses may share a common ancestor as they encode proteins sharing similar functions and domains, but their evolutionary origin is still an enigma. Here I propose to apply an evolutionary medicine approach, combining in silico and wet-lab approaches, to study key events that occurred during PV genome evolution. We will go back into history and study how and when certain PVs became oncogenic. We will resurrect the ancestral oncogenes, and experimentally test hypotheses about the function of the resurrected proteins in different environmental contexts. We will then generate a comprehensive scenario modelling the appearance of the modern PV genome and the emergence of the oncogenic phenotype of certain PVs. Finally we will explore the relationships between small DNA viruses and test whether they may have a common origin. Our ultimate aim is to understand why a few PVs are oncogenic for a few host species, while most PVs cause asymptomatic infections in most hosts.
|year||authors and title||journal||last update|
Anouk Willemsen, Marta FÃ©lez-SÃ¡nchez, Ignacio G Bravo
Genome Plasticity in Papillomaviruses and De Novo Emergence of E5 Oncogenes
published pages: 1602-1617, ISSN: 1759-6653, DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evz095
|Genome Biology and Evolution 11/6||2019-09-02|
Anouk Willemsen, Ignacio G. Bravo
Origin and evolution of papillomavirus (onco)genes and genomes
published pages: 20180303, ISSN: 0962-8436, DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2018.0303
|Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 374/1773||2019-06-06|
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