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RepTime SIGNED

Molecular control of DNA replication timing in mammalian cells

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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Project "RepTime" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH 

Organization address
address: OLD COLLEGE, SOUTH BRIDGE
city: EDINBURGH
postcode: EH8 9YL
website: www.ed.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 1˙999˙784 €
 EC max contribution 1˙999˙784 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-10-01   to  2022-09-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH UK (EDINBURGH) coordinator 1˙999˙784.00

Map

 Project objective

DNA replication is an essential process ensuring the transmission of genetic information and is highly regulated. Specifically, the DNA replication-timing program ensures that the sites of initiation of DNA replication, termed origins, are not all activated simultaneously but follow a cell-type specific schedule. This pathway is conserved throughout eukaryotic evolution, however its molecular control and biological role are not fully understood. In this proposal I aim to understand key aspects of replication-timing program by employing a combination of advanced mouse genetics, genomics, cell biology and proteomics. Currently one of the major limitations in the mammalian DNA replication field is the elusive identity of origins. I aim to comprehensively map origins in a variety of mouse cells/tissues and relate the regulation of origin firing to the control of gene expression and three-dimensional nuclear architecture. I have discovered that Rif1 controls replication timing and links it to nuclear three-dimensional organization. I have also revealed the existence of a novel Rif1-independent pathway that controls the timing of a significant fraction of the late-replicating genome, identified by constitutive association with a key nuclear architecture component, Lamin B1. Here, I propose complementary approaches to understand the molecular mechanism by which Rif1 coordinates replication timing and nuclear organization as well as the molecular underpinnings of the novel pathway instructing late-replication in Lamin B1-associated regions. Finally, my goal is to understand the in vivo biological role of the replication-timing program. Our preliminary data identify mammalian X inactivation as a process where replication timing may play a fundamental part. My ultimate objective is to contribute to the realization of a comprehensive understanding of nuclear function, integrating the co-regulation of DNA replication with gene expression, epigenetic inheritance and DNA repair.

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