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EXOKLEIN SIGNED

The Climates and Habitability of Small Exoplanets Around Red Stars

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 EXOKLEIN project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the EXOKLEIN project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "EXOKLEIN" about.

detected    dimethylsulfide    acidity    indicates    biosignature    atmospheres    exoplanets    vital    stable    conducive    small    cool    understand    signatures    predict    discovery    rock    life    earth    revelation    regulates    gas    solar    divided    proposes    stability    opportunity    considering    theme    themes    detection    astronomical    tale    worlds    stars    generalize    framework    dominated    fates    uniquely    holistic    tell    sensing    ammonia    variations    biosignatures    construct    chemistry    ultraviolet    environments    astronomers    depends    ocean    significantly    geochemistry    context    radiation    gases    silicate    remote    methyl    interact    greenhouse    water    atmospheric    environment    dioxide    prime    observations    virtual    carbon    atmosphere    composition    exoklein    offers    chemical    motivated    physical    candidates    climate    dynamics    exoplanet    biology    chloride    red    cycle    carbonate    rocky    laboratory    mechanisms   

Project "EXOKLEIN" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITAET BERN 

Organization address
address: HOCHSCHULSTRASSE 6
city: BERN
postcode: 3012
website: http://www.unibe.ch

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Switzerland [CH]
 Total cost 1˙984˙729 €
 EC max contribution 1˙984˙729 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2017-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-02-01   to  2023-01-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITAET BERN CH (BERN) coordinator 1˙984˙729.00

Map

 Project objective

The detection of life beyond our Solar System is possible only via the remote sensing of the atmospheres of exoplanets. The recent discovery that small exoplanets are common around cool, red stars offers an exciting opportunity to study the atmospheres of Earth-like worlds. Motivated by this revelation, the EXOKLEIN project proposes to construct a holistic climate framework to understand astronomical observations in the context of the atmosphere, geochemistry and biosignatures of the exoplanet. The proposed research is divided into three major themes. Research Theme 1 aims to construct a virtual laboratory of an atmosphere that considers atmospheric dynamics, chemistry and radiation, as well as how they interact. This virtual laboratory enables us to understand the physical and chemical mechanisms involved, as well as predict the observed properties of an exoplanet. Research Theme 2 aims to generalize the carbonate-silicate cycle (also known as the long-term carbon cycle) by considering variations in rock composition, water acidity and atmospheric conditions. The carbonate-silicate cycle is important because it regulates the long-term presence of carbon dioxide (a vital greenhouse gas) in atmospheres. We also aim to investigate the role of the cycle in determining the fates of ocean-dominated exoplanets called “water worlds”. Research Theme 3 aims to investigate the long-term stability of biosignature gases in the context of the climate. Whether a gas uniquely indicates the presence of biology on an exoplanet depends on the atmospheric properties and ultraviolet radiation environment. We investigate three prime candidates for biosignature gases: methyl chloride, dimethylsulfide and ammonia. Overall, the EXOKLEIN project will significantly advance our understanding of whether the environments of rocky exoplanets around red stars are stable and conducive for life, and whether the tell-tale signatures of life may be detected by astronomers.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 H. Jens Hoeijmakers, David Ehrenreich, Kevin Heng, Daniel Kitzmann, Simon L. Grimm, Romain Allart, Russell Deitrick, Aurélien Wyttenbach, Maria Oreshenko, Lorenzo Pino, Paul B. Rimmer, Emilio Molinari, Luca Di Fabrizio
Atomic iron and titanium in the atmosphere of the exoplanet KELT-9b
published pages: 453-455, ISSN: 0028-0836, DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0401-y
Nature 560/7719 2019-09-09

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The information about "EXOKLEIN" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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