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BRONC SIGNED

Behavioral demand-driven dynamic reorganisation of cortical networks revealed by simultaneous wide-field optical imaging and optogenetic stimulation mapping in task-performing mice

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 BRONC project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the BRONC project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "BRONC" about.

introduction    neuroscience    repeating    local    stimulation    host    spatiotemporal    researcher    observation    mental    laboratory    integration    monkey    humans    transfers    lab    imaging    causal    indicators    calcium    clinical    small    techniques    point    single    science    mouse    beneficial    actions    dynamic    impacts    disorder    plan    psychiatric    optogenetic    gene    functions    circuits    wish    cognitive    toward    brain    encoded    view    reorganise    cortical    voltage    contribution    macaque    elucidating    compulsive    simultaneously    reorganisation    mechanisms    optical    global    obsessive    revealed    patients    disorders    marmoset    combine    behavior    networks    neural    performing    spatiotemporally    core    interneurons    selective    genetically    integrate    transferred    layers    poorly    circuit    stop    memory    mechanism    plans    differential    acquire    paradigm    monkeys    society    sophisticate    modification    reorganization    mapping    er    primate    career    switching    optogenetics    technologies    mice    neuronal    suited    action    human    roles    visualize    psychophysics   

Project "BRONC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE 

Organization address
address: BATIMENT CE 3316 STATION 1
city: LAUSANNE
postcode: 1015
website: www.epfl.ch

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Switzerland [CH]
 Total cost 187˙419 €
 EC max contribution 187˙419 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2017
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-11-01   to  2020-10-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE CH (LAUSANNE) coordinator 187˙419.00

Map

 Project objective

CAREER PLAN: The Experienced Researcher (ER) has revealed causal neural mechanism of cognitive memory by optogenetics and psychophysics in macaque monkeys. ER wish to combine cognitive neuroscience in monkeys and circuit-based neuroscience in mice to build a new field to study cognitive functions at the level of genetically-defined circuits. Thus, ER plans to develop and acquire new technologies in a top laboratory investigating the mouse brain.

INTRODUCTION: We humans can quickly change what we do. This would require dynamic reorganization of brain networks. Recent studies have revealed differential roles of cortical layers and interneurons in local neuronal circuits. However, a mechanism that reorganise cortical networks to integrate local circuit processing has been poorly understood, while this is a core principle of the brain to work.

OBJECTIVE: Elucidating mechanisms of global integration of local processing from a view point of spatiotemporally-selective causal actions of different cortical layers and interneurons. APPROACH: Spatiotemporal actions of cortical layers and interneurons in task-performing mice will be observed by wide-field optical imaging with genetically-encoded calcium or voltage indicators. Simultaneously, optogenetic stimulation mapping to layers and interneurons will visualize their causal contribution to global processing and task execution. IMPACTS: 1. Mechanisms of dynamic cortical reorganisation for switching behavior have a clinical impact for common psychiatric disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder in which patients can not stop repeating a single action. 2. ER transfers knowledge in monkey cognitive science to the host lab to sophisticate mouse paradigm. 3.Techniques developed by ER will be transferred to marmoset, a small non-human primate suited for gene-modification and optical observation. This program is highly beneficial for the society and the career of ER toward understanding of human mental functions.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Johannes M. Mayrhofer, Sami El-Boustani, Georgios Foustoukos, Matthieu Auffret, Keita Tamura, Carl C.H. Petersen
Distinct Contributions of Whisker Sensory Cortex and Tongue-Jaw Motor Cortex in a Goal-Directed Sensorimotor Transformation
published pages: 1034-1043.e5, ISSN: 0896-6273, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2019.07.008
Neuron 103/6 2019-12-17

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