Opendata, web and dolomites


On the evolution of fleshy fruits: An integrative test to assess the relative role of intrinsic and extrinsic factors in shaping fruit type

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 FRUITFUL project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the FRUITFUL project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "FRUITFUL" about.

plant    integrate    exposes    oleaceae    trip    biogeography    selective    time    dispersal    inherited    transcriptomes    indirect    phylogenomic    pattern    repeated    analyze    olives    macroevolutionary    representative    color    environmental    apples    fruit    trait    switches    framework    independent    evolution    date    genes    family    species    despite    traits    preferences    diversity    phylogenetic    variation    models    exploring    fleshy    dispersers    dissect    store    millions    size    huge    relative    released    ideal    relation    independently    relationships    olive    environments    environment    variety    seed    outstanding    mainly    estimate    domestication    grocery    contributions    fruits    transitions    strategies    pressures    integrative    lineages    genomes    subject    living    tomatoes    insights    intrinsic    influenced    historical    direct    dry    diverse    fruitful    natural    though    human    extrinsic    patterns    variables    reflects    magnitudes    multiple    shape    causal    interdisciplinary   

Project "FRUITFUL" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: ROUTE DE NARBONNE 118
postcode: 31062

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 295˙061 €
 EC max contribution 295˙061 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2018
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-CAR
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-06-01   to  2022-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

A trip to a grocery store exposes us to an outstanding diversity of fruits. While this variety was influenced by human selection during plant domestication, it mainly reflects strategies of seed dispersal that evolved over millions of years. Despite the huge variation in fruit color, shape, and size, common patterns can still be identified, especially the repeated evolution of fleshy fruits (e.g. olives, apples, tomatoes). Though this pattern is well observed, we are still exploring the role of different factors and their selective pressures. These can be intrinsic, as evolution of inherited genes determining fruit traits, or extrinsic, as the environment. To date, studies have focused on one or two major factors at a time, but their relative contributions requires an integrative analysis. FRUITFUL will dissect the evolution of fleshy fruits in the olive family. Oleaceae is the ideal study subject here because it presents a natural comparative set-up for fruit evolution: multiple lineages that independently evolved fleshy fruits; species living in a variety of environments; and diverse seed dispersers. Further, several genomes and transcriptomes of Oleaceae were recently released. In this project, I will: (1) identify independent transitions to fleshy fruit within a comprehensive phylogenetic framework of Oleaceae; (2) use phylogenomic approaches to analyze representative genes in species with fleshy or dry fruits, and test for switches in selective pressures in relation to trait transitions; (3) estimate the historical biogeography of the family, along with current environmental preferences of species, and their seed dispersers; and finally, (4) integrate all results in models of causal relationships, and identify direct and indirect effects, and their magnitudes, among variables and fruit type. FRUITFUL’s interdisciplinary research and novel integrative approach will provide new insights into understanding the patterns observed at a macroevolutionary scale.

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The information about "FRUITFUL" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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