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ChloroMito SIGNED

Chloroplast and Mitochondria interactions for microalgal acclimation

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 ChloroMito project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the ChloroMito project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "ChloroMito" about.

oceans    optimisation    supporting    least    emerged    generating    thanks    dynamics    spectroscopy    temperature    exchanging    nadph    combination    interactions    paradigm    assimilation    taxa    visualise    phytoplankton    mixotrophy    localised    mechanism    unprecedented    ocean    harvesting    plantae    correct    producing    photosymbiosis    lifestyles    nature    stimuli    life    autotrophy    photosynthesis    ago    encountered    energy    light    conservation    co2    atp    effort    successful    inferred    chloromito    textbook    poorly    genetics    plastid    plastids    environmental    plant    organic    single    bacteria    evolution    synthesis    ecologically    oxygen    transitions    plants    decipher    strategies    molecules    billion    nutrients    ratio    track    alter    land    diatoms    dynamic    humans    cell    contribution    balance    forms    was    cellular    mitochondria    oxygenic    chloroplast    occurring    metabolisms    concepts    colonisation    tomography    produces    mechanisms    anoxygenic    phototrophic    organisms    opto    led    first   

Project "ChloroMito" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS 

Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794
website: www.cnrs.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 2˙498˙207 €
 EC max contribution 2˙498˙207 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-01-01   to  2024-12-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS FR (PARIS) coordinator 2˙498˙207.00

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 Project objective

Photosynthesis emerged as an energy-harvesting process at least 3.5 billion years ago, first in anoxygenic bacteria and then in oxygen-producing organisms, which led to the evolution of complex life forms with oxygen-based metabolisms (e.g. humans). Oxygenic photosynthesis produces ATP and NADPH, and the correct balance between these energy-rich molecules allows assimilation of CO2 into organic matter. Although the mechanisms of ATP/NADPH synthesis are well understood, less is known about how CO2 assimilation was optimised. This process was essential to the successful phototrophic colonisation of land (by Plantae) and the oceans (by phytoplankton). Plants optimised CO2 assimilation using chloroplast-localised ATP-generating processes to control the ATP/NADPH ratio, but the strategies developed by phytoplankton are poorly understood. However, diatoms—ecologically successful ocean organisms—are known to control this ratio by exchanging energy between plastids and mitochondria. Is this mechanism a paradigm for optimisation of photosynthesis in the ocean? The ChloroMito project aims to first decipher the mechanism(s) behind plastid-mitochondria interactions. Thanks to a novel combination of whole-cell approaches, including (opto)genetics, cellular tomography and single-cell spectroscopy, we will identify the nature of the exchanges occurring in diatoms and assess their contribution to dynamic responses to environmental stimuli (light, temperature, nutrients). We will then assess conservation of this mechanism in ecologically relevant phytoplankton taxa, test its role in supporting different lifestyles (autotrophy, mixotrophy, photosymbiosis) encountered in the ocean, and track transitions between these different lifestyles as part of an unprecedented effort to visualise ocean dynamics. Overall, the ChloroMito project will alter our understanding of ocean photosynthesis, challenging textbook concepts which are often inferred from plant-based concepts

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The information about "CHLOROMITO" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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