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DIATOMIC SIGNED

Untangling eco-evolutionary impacts on diatom genomes over timescales relevant to current climate change

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 DIATOMIC project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DIATOMIC project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DIATOMIC" about.

speciation    genetic    ancient    events    genomes    contributes    sub    revealed    export    combine    explore    transcriptomes    spatiotemporal    chaetoceros    pioneering    unprecedented    dna    adaptations    components    regulating    influence    model    abundance    climate    webs    fate    structure    tara    exist    earth    species    metapopulation    multiple    primary    genome    climatological    environmental    oceans    exemplar    sequestration    reveal    geologically    diatomic    carbon    tools    evolution    diatoms    additionally    contrasting    examine    impacts    world    epigenomes    eco    lab    forecast    gene    abundant    marine    cycle    ecological    molecular    genus    participate    exploration    expression    food    changing    contemporary    anthropogenic    impacted    environment    past    exploring    timescales    scales    significantly    survey    last    contributors    diversity    evolutionary    environments    parallel    phaeodactylum    epigenetic    underpinnings    hundreds    bases    diatom    ubiquitous    understand    primarily    ocean    tell    seafloor   

Project "DIATOMIC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS 

Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794
website: www.cnrs.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 2˙495˙753 €
 EC max contribution 2˙495˙753 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-11-01   to  2024-10-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS FR (PARIS) coordinator 2˙495˙753.00

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 Project objective

Diatoms are major contributors of primary production in the ocean and participate in carbon sequestration over geologically relevant timescales. As key components of the Earth’s carbon cycle and marine food webs we need to understand the eco-evolutionary underpinnings of their ecological success to forecast their fate in a future ocean impacted by anthropogenic change. Genomes and epigenomes from model diatoms, as well as hundreds of transcriptomes from multiple species, have revealed genetic and epigenetic processes regulating gene expression in response to changing environments. The Tara Oceans survey has in parallel generated resources to explore diatom abundance, diversity and gene expression in the world’s ocean in widely contrasting conditions. DIATOMIC will build on these resources to understand how evolutionary and ecological processes combine to influence diatom adaptations to their environment at unprecedented spatiotemporal scales. To examine these processes over timescales relevant to current climate change, DIATOMIC includes the pioneering exploration of ancient diatom DNA from the sub-seafloor to reveal the genetic and epigenetic bases of speciation and adaptation that have impacted their ecological success during the last 100,000 years, when Earth experienced major climatological events and an increase in anthropogenic impacts. As a model for exploring eco-evolutionary processes in the past and contemporary ocean we will focus primarily on Chaetoceros because this diatom genus is ancient, ubiquitous, abundant and contributes significantly to carbon export. Key findings will be additionally supported by lab-based studies using the diatom Phaeodactylum for which exemplar molecular tools exist. Specifically, the project will address: 1. What molecular features characterize genome evolution in diatoms? 2. Which processes determine diatom metapopulation structure? 3. What can ancient DNA tell us about diatom adaptations to environmental change in the past?

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