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DIATOMIC SIGNED

Untangling eco-evolutionary impacts on diatom genomes over timescales relevant to current climate change

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 DIATOMIC project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DIATOMIC project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DIATOMIC" about.

expression    diversity    chaetoceros    additionally    timescales    significantly    tell    contrasting    diatoms    underpinnings    survey    bases    abundance    climatological    scales    transcriptomes    adaptations    last    structure    food    genus    environmental    earth    anthropogenic    events    export    webs    pioneering    dna    oceans    explore    abundant    spatiotemporal    genomes    impacts    climate    examine    diatomic    fate    environments    exploring    molecular    gene    lab    components    ecological    multiple    genome    tara    ocean    diatom    forecast    sub    speciation    phaeodactylum    geologically    primary    understand    influence    cycle    participate    reveal    regulating    model    contributors    metapopulation    genetic    exist    eco    epigenetic    world    changing    ubiquitous    evolutionary    parallel    combine    evolution    carbon    sequestration    exploration    contemporary    seafloor    unprecedented    epigenomes    exemplar    ancient    revealed    impacted    marine    tools    past    species    environment    hundreds    contributes    primarily   

Project "DIATOMIC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS 

Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794
website: www.cnrs.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 2˙495˙753 €
 EC max contribution 2˙495˙753 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-11-01   to  2024-10-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS FR (PARIS) coordinator 2˙495˙753.00

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 Project objective

Diatoms are major contributors of primary production in the ocean and participate in carbon sequestration over geologically relevant timescales. As key components of the Earth’s carbon cycle and marine food webs we need to understand the eco-evolutionary underpinnings of their ecological success to forecast their fate in a future ocean impacted by anthropogenic change. Genomes and epigenomes from model diatoms, as well as hundreds of transcriptomes from multiple species, have revealed genetic and epigenetic processes regulating gene expression in response to changing environments. The Tara Oceans survey has in parallel generated resources to explore diatom abundance, diversity and gene expression in the world’s ocean in widely contrasting conditions. DIATOMIC will build on these resources to understand how evolutionary and ecological processes combine to influence diatom adaptations to their environment at unprecedented spatiotemporal scales. To examine these processes over timescales relevant to current climate change, DIATOMIC includes the pioneering exploration of ancient diatom DNA from the sub-seafloor to reveal the genetic and epigenetic bases of speciation and adaptation that have impacted their ecological success during the last 100,000 years, when Earth experienced major climatological events and an increase in anthropogenic impacts. As a model for exploring eco-evolutionary processes in the past and contemporary ocean we will focus primarily on Chaetoceros because this diatom genus is ancient, ubiquitous, abundant and contributes significantly to carbon export. Key findings will be additionally supported by lab-based studies using the diatom Phaeodactylum for which exemplar molecular tools exist. Specifically, the project will address: 1. What molecular features characterize genome evolution in diatoms? 2. Which processes determine diatom metapopulation structure? 3. What can ancient DNA tell us about diatom adaptations to environmental change in the past?

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