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DIATOMIC SIGNED

Untangling eco-evolutionary impacts on diatom genomes over timescales relevant to current climate change

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 DIATOMIC project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DIATOMIC project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DIATOMIC" about.

exploring    primary    seafloor    tara    evolution    evolutionary    ubiquitous    spatiotemporal    influence    parallel    reveal    expression    sub    speciation    past    climate    adaptations    food    ancient    ocean    last    geologically    lab    hundreds    genome    significantly    contributors    revealed    examine    contemporary    multiple    eco    earth    forecast    events    tools    anthropogenic    environments    components    changing    epigenomes    diatom    combine    chaetoceros    genetic    scales    webs    exemplar    metapopulation    tell    phaeodactylum    additionally    genus    contributes    carbon    oceans    contrasting    exist    climatological    underpinnings    fate    marine    impacted    regulating    export    exploration    dna    environment    abundance    cycle    diatoms    sequestration    diatomic    bases    understand    explore    primarily    species    pioneering    epigenetic    molecular    diversity    environmental    survey    ecological    genomes    structure    impacts    timescales    abundant    world    model    participate    gene    transcriptomes    unprecedented   

Project "DIATOMIC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS 

Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794
website: www.cnrs.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 2˙495˙753 €
 EC max contribution 2˙495˙753 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-11-01   to  2024-10-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS FR (PARIS) coordinator 2˙495˙753.00

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 Project objective

Diatoms are major contributors of primary production in the ocean and participate in carbon sequestration over geologically relevant timescales. As key components of the Earth’s carbon cycle and marine food webs we need to understand the eco-evolutionary underpinnings of their ecological success to forecast their fate in a future ocean impacted by anthropogenic change. Genomes and epigenomes from model diatoms, as well as hundreds of transcriptomes from multiple species, have revealed genetic and epigenetic processes regulating gene expression in response to changing environments. The Tara Oceans survey has in parallel generated resources to explore diatom abundance, diversity and gene expression in the world’s ocean in widely contrasting conditions. DIATOMIC will build on these resources to understand how evolutionary and ecological processes combine to influence diatom adaptations to their environment at unprecedented spatiotemporal scales. To examine these processes over timescales relevant to current climate change, DIATOMIC includes the pioneering exploration of ancient diatom DNA from the sub-seafloor to reveal the genetic and epigenetic bases of speciation and adaptation that have impacted their ecological success during the last 100,000 years, when Earth experienced major climatological events and an increase in anthropogenic impacts. As a model for exploring eco-evolutionary processes in the past and contemporary ocean we will focus primarily on Chaetoceros because this diatom genus is ancient, ubiquitous, abundant and contributes significantly to carbon export. Key findings will be additionally supported by lab-based studies using the diatom Phaeodactylum for which exemplar molecular tools exist. Specifically, the project will address: 1. What molecular features characterize genome evolution in diatoms? 2. Which processes determine diatom metapopulation structure? 3. What can ancient DNA tell us about diatom adaptations to environmental change in the past?

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