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DIATOMIC SIGNED

Untangling eco-evolutionary impacts on diatom genomes over timescales relevant to current climate change

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 DIATOMIC project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DIATOMIC project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DIATOMIC" about.

multiple    ecological    lab    transcriptomes    bases    ubiquitous    species    reveal    webs    scales    epigenomes    contrasting    impacts    abundant    structure    pioneering    past    explore    ocean    exploration    geologically    sub    primarily    regulating    exploring    genomes    evolutionary    significantly    climate    additionally    dna    exemplar    timescales    adaptations    climatological    ancient    underpinnings    revealed    genome    environment    food    influence    events    cycle    unprecedented    diatom    phaeodactylum    oceans    world    examine    tara    seafloor    contemporary    changing    hundreds    environmental    survey    diatomic    evolution    export    contributes    parallel    diatoms    abundance    tell    understand    fate    speciation    combine    molecular    environments    components    primary    earth    diversity    spatiotemporal    model    expression    eco    gene    sequestration    carbon    genus    exist    epigenetic    metapopulation    marine    genetic    last    anthropogenic    participate    forecast    impacted    contributors    chaetoceros    tools   

Project "DIATOMIC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS 

Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794
website: www.cnrs.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 2˙495˙753 €
 EC max contribution 2˙495˙753 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-11-01   to  2024-10-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS FR (PARIS) coordinator 2˙495˙753.00

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 Project objective

Diatoms are major contributors of primary production in the ocean and participate in carbon sequestration over geologically relevant timescales. As key components of the Earth’s carbon cycle and marine food webs we need to understand the eco-evolutionary underpinnings of their ecological success to forecast their fate in a future ocean impacted by anthropogenic change. Genomes and epigenomes from model diatoms, as well as hundreds of transcriptomes from multiple species, have revealed genetic and epigenetic processes regulating gene expression in response to changing environments. The Tara Oceans survey has in parallel generated resources to explore diatom abundance, diversity and gene expression in the world’s ocean in widely contrasting conditions. DIATOMIC will build on these resources to understand how evolutionary and ecological processes combine to influence diatom adaptations to their environment at unprecedented spatiotemporal scales. To examine these processes over timescales relevant to current climate change, DIATOMIC includes the pioneering exploration of ancient diatom DNA from the sub-seafloor to reveal the genetic and epigenetic bases of speciation and adaptation that have impacted their ecological success during the last 100,000 years, when Earth experienced major climatological events and an increase in anthropogenic impacts. As a model for exploring eco-evolutionary processes in the past and contemporary ocean we will focus primarily on Chaetoceros because this diatom genus is ancient, ubiquitous, abundant and contributes significantly to carbon export. Key findings will be additionally supported by lab-based studies using the diatom Phaeodactylum for which exemplar molecular tools exist. Specifically, the project will address: 1. What molecular features characterize genome evolution in diatoms? 2. Which processes determine diatom metapopulation structure? 3. What can ancient DNA tell us about diatom adaptations to environmental change in the past?

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