BLACK HOLE UNIVERSE

Multiwavelength Studies of Galactic Black Holes

 Coordinatore FRIEDRICH-ALEXANDER-UNIVERSITAT ERLANGEN NURNBERG 

 Organization address address: SCHLOSSPLATZ 4
city: ERLANGEN
postcode: 91054

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Jörn
Cognome: Wilms
Email: send email
Telefono: 499520000000
Fax: 499520000000

 Nazionalità Coordinatore Germany [DE]
 Totale costo 2˙567˙522 €
 EC contributo 2˙567˙522 €
 Programma FP7-PEOPLE
Specific programme "People" implementing the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)
 Code Call FP7-PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN
 Funding Scheme MC-ITN
 Anno di inizio 2008
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2008-10-01   -   2013-01-31

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    FRIEDRICH-ALEXANDER-UNIVERSITAT ERLANGEN NURNBERG

 Organization address address: SCHLOSSPLATZ 4
city: ERLANGEN
postcode: 91054

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Jörn
Cognome: Wilms
Email: send email
Telefono: 499520000000
Fax: 499520000000

DE (ERLANGEN) coordinator 0.00
2    COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES

 Organization address address: RUE LEBLANC 25
city: PARIS 15
postcode: 75015

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Nathalie
Cognome: Judas
Email: send email
Telefono: 33169087788
Fax: 33169087401

FR (PARIS 15) participant 0.00
3    ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI ASTROFISICA

 Organization address address: Viale del Parco Mellini 84
city: ROMA
postcode: 136

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Giovanni
Cognome: Pareschi
Email: send email
Telefono: 39039999169
Fax: 390272000000

IT (ROMA) participant 0.00
4    Sabanci University

 Organization address address: Orhanli Tuzla
city: ISTANBUL
postcode: 34956

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Nilay U.
Cognome: Papila
Email: send email
Telefono: 902165000000
Fax: 902165000000

TR (ISTANBUL) participant 0.00
5    UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI CAGLIARI

 Organization address address: VIA UNIVERSITA 40
city: CAGLIARI
postcode: 9124

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Luciano
Cognome: Burderi
Email: send email
Telefono: 390707000000
Fax: 39070510171

IT (CAGLIARI) participant 0.00
6    UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM

 Organization address address: SPUI 21
city: AMSTERDAM
postcode: 1012WX

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Lidewijde
Cognome: Stolte
Email: send email
Telefono: 31205257487
Fax: 31205257484

NL (AMSTERDAM) participant 0.00
7    UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON

 Organization address address: Highfield
city: SOUTHAMPTON
postcode: SO17 1BJ

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Joanne
Cognome: Bruning
Email: send email
Telefono: 442381000000
Fax: 442381000000

UK (SOUTHAMPTON) participant 0.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

complete    black    astronomical    scientists    hole    surrounding    accretion    environment    energy    rays    efforts    space    picture    heart    area    training    wavelength    schools    phenomena    radiation    physics    astrophysics    universe    regions    holes    itn       hard    electromagnetic    summer    network    bhs    skills   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'Black holes are some of the most exotic astronomical objects in the universe, and are accordingly the focus of much speculation and study. By definition invisible, they are only detectable when interacting with their environment, either by bending surrounding light or gravitationally capturing enough matter to power other processes whose radiation we can detect. Depending on the spin of the black hole (BH), its mass-to-energy conversion efficiency can be over 50 times higher than that of nuclear fusion. The gravitational energy liberated via this accretion process powers many phenomena around BHs and significantly impacts the surrounding regions. Because many of these phenomena involve complicated geometries, high-energy electromagnetic fields and strong gravity, they are still not well understood. By observing and modeling the radiation originating from the more extreme regions of BHs and their associated structures in our Galaxy, the planned ITN network intends to reconstruct a more complete picture of the complex physics involved in the accretion process through observations from the radio band to the X-rays and through theoretical work. Training on these subjects will be provided through summer schools on multi-wavelength astronomical techniques and on black hole astrophysics and through dedicated PhD projects.'

Introduzione (Teaser)

A training network has been established to reveal some of the hidden aspects of black holes and the impact they have on their environment. The project's outcome was a new generation of scientists promoting Europe's standing in this area of astrophysics at global level.

Descrizione progetto (Article)

Black holes are generally formed after a star dies in a gigantic explosion known as supernova, which crushes the remaining core into dense lumps. A maddening enigma called a singularity (a region of infinite density) lies at the heart of each black hole, according to general relativity.

Scientists have long sought ways to avoid the complete breakdown of all known laws of physics brought on by singularities. Backed by the EU funding, the 'Multiwavelength studies of galactic black holes' Initial Training Network (http://www.black-hole.eu/ (BLACK HOLE UNIVERSE ITN)) has introduced a new paradigm in black hole research. Seven leading research institutions across Europe joined their efforts to address major questions still unresolved.

One of the primary goals of the BLACK HOLE UNIVERSE was to complete this picture of black holes at the heart of galaxies. Ten early stage researchers and two experienced researchers were hired to study the black hole radiation received. Because black holes radiate across the entire electromagnetic spectrum, they were trained in the use of space- and ground-based instruments and different data analysis methods.

During the four years of the ITN's operation, researchers applied the most sophisticated jet models available to the spectra of radiation emitted from black holes. Furthermore, the most precise model showing how the accretion flow influences the time lag observed between soft and hard X-ray bands was developed. In the hard X-rays emissions, similarities were found between neutron stars and black holes members of a binary system.

Training efforts also helped some 200 participants of two summer schools on multi-wavelength astronomy and a workshop on black hole astrophysics to fulfil market demands. They acquired skills necessary for careers in space technology, an area crucial for Europe's technological leadership which faces severe shortage of experts. The BLACK HOLE UNIVERSE ITN was a successful in addressing Europe's skills challenges through collaboration.

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