CALMARO

Calcification by Marine Organisms

 Coordinatore HELMHOLTZ ZENTRUM FUR OZEANFORSCHUNG KIEL 

 Organization address address: WISCHHOFSTRASSE 1-3
city: KIEL
postcode: 24148

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Alexandra
Cognome: Drossou-Berendes
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 431 6002808
Fax: +49 431 600132808

 Nazionalità Coordinatore Germany [DE]
 Totale costo 2˙715˙923 €
 EC contributo 2˙715˙923 €
 Programma FP7-PEOPLE
Specific programme "People" implementing the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)
 Code Call FP7-PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN
 Funding Scheme MC-ITN
 Anno di inizio 2008
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2008-10-01   -   2012-09-30

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    HELMHOLTZ ZENTRUM FUR OZEANFORSCHUNG KIEL

 Organization address address: WISCHHOFSTRASSE 1-3
city: KIEL
postcode: 24148

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Alexandra
Cognome: Drossou-Berendes
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 431 6002808
Fax: +49 431 600132808

DE (KIEL) coordinator 0.00
2    ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT HELMHOLTZ- ZENTRUM FUER POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG

 Organization address address: Am Handelshafen 12
city: BREMERHAVEN
postcode: 27570

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Catherine
Cognome: Audebert
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 471 48311339
Fax: +49 471 48311149

DE (BREMERHAVEN) participant 0.00
3    KONINKLIJKE NEDERLANDSE AKADEMIE VAN WETENSCHAPPEN - KNAW

 Organization address address: KLOVENIERSBURGWAL 29 HET TRIPPENHUIS
city: AMSTERDAM
postcode: 1011 JV

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Erwin A.
Cognome: Ridder Van De
Email: send email
Telefono: +31 294 239378
Fax: +31 294 232224

NL (AMSTERDAM) participant 0.00
4    LEIBNIZ-INSTITUT FUER MEERESWISSENSCHAFTEN AN DER UNIVERSITAET KIEL

 Organization address address: WISCHHOFSTRASSE 1-3
city: KIEL
postcode: 24148

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Jens-Uwe
Cognome: Moelck
Email: send email
Telefono: -6002903
Fax: -6003334

DE (KIEL) participant 0.00
5    NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL

 Organization address address: Polaris House, North Star Avenue
city: SWINDON WILTSHIRE
postcode: SN2 1EU

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Denise
Cognome: Martin
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 23 80596104
Fax: +44 23 80596101

UK (SWINDON WILTSHIRE) participant 0.00
6    STICHTING KONINKLIJK NEDERLANDS INSTITUUT VOOR ZEEONDERZOEK (NIOZ)

 Organization address address: Landsdiep 4
city: DEN HOORN TEXEL
postcode: 1797 SZ

contact info
Titolo: Mrs.
Nome: Theo
Cognome: Davidse
Email: send email
Telefono: +31 113577438
Fax: 31113573616

NL (DEN HOORN TEXEL) participant 0.00
7    UNIVERSITE PARIS-SUD

 Organization address address: RUE GEORGES CLEMENCEAU 15
city: ORSAY
postcode: 91405

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Nicolas
Cognome: Lecompte
Email: send email
Telefono: +33 1 69155589
Fax: +33 1 69155599

FR (ORSAY) participant 0.00
8    UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN

 Organization address address: Museplassen 1
city: BERGEN
postcode: 5007

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Inger
Cognome: Gjesdahl
Email: send email
Telefono: +47 55584980
Fax: +47 55584991

NO (BERGEN) participant 0.00
9    UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON

 Organization address address: Highfield
city: SOUTHAMPTON
postcode: SO17 1BJ

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Lorna
Cognome: Leverett
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 23 80598319
Fax: +44 23 80592195

UK (SOUTHAMPTON) participant 0.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

ecosystem    ocean    organisms    co    effect    warming    acidification    bio    environmental    seawater    calmaro    ph    training    levels    sensitivities    environment    scientists    global    resilience    biogenic    calcification    joint    cellular    protect    individual    marine    organism    cycling    scientific    population    personalised    young    pillars    changing    temperature    physiological    regional    network   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'CalMarO aims at the comprehensive training of twelve young researchers in the field of calcification by marine organisms based on a Network of thirteen research institutions and four SMEs. The Network participants are acknowledged experts with complementary research or commercial approaches in this field. Calcification is a fundamental physiological process of marine organisms that is largely determined by the characteristics of seawater. Calcifying marine organisms differ in their adaptability to variations in environmental conditions, in particular temperature and seawater pH. If global CO2 emissions continue to rise at current trends seawater pH may decrease to levels that are probably lower than have been experienced for tens of millions of years and, critically, at a rate of change 100 times greater than at any time over this period, with dramatic effects on productivity and marine ecosystems. CalMarO comprises investigation of calcification processes and the sensitivities to changes in environmental conditions at all scales ranging from cellular, organism, population to ecosystem, and regional to global levels. Covering this important topic in a training Network will offer young researchers an integrated perspective on an emerging problem and position their own work within the framework of a concerted effort to better understand the risks and consequences associated with ocean change. Three pillars support the training programme: personalised programmes, Network activities and dissemination. The principle of co-supervision by at least two senior scientists and SME placement on the basis of an individual mentoring plan represents the core piece of the training programme, with links to joint activities across the Network. These include annual meetings and theme oriented workshops. CalMarO participants will disseminate the Network achievements in a special session at a major conference and a major joint publication.'

Introduzione (Teaser)

An EU-funded training network of scientists investigated the effect of a changing climate on the oceans and how it affects calcification in marine organisms.

Descrizione progetto (Article)

Calcification is a key physiological process in the development and growth of many marine organisms. It also plays an important role in structuring marine habitats and contributes to bio-geochemical cycling.

The aim of the 'Calcification by marine organisms' (http://www.calmaro.eu/index.php (CALMARO)) project was to train young researchers in the mechanisms of calcification and processes involving biogenic carbonates. Biogenic means they are produced by living organisms or biological processes.

Bio-calcification involves the production of crystals of calcium carbonate, which are used by marine plants and animals to build shells and skeletons to protect themselves. Changes in environmental conditions, such as global warming, which may affect ocean mixing and nutrient cycling, and ocean acidification can influence bio-calcification.

The impact of surface-ocean warming and acidification on marine organisms is uncertain, prompting the CALMARO training network to study this in detail. The project provided a supportive research environment that enabled fellows to investigate calcification processes and sensitivities to changes in environmental conditions. Studies extended from the cellular level through to the organism and population levels, and on to the ecosystem, regional and global levels.

CALMARO's training programme was supported by three pillars: personalised programmes, network activities and dissemination. The training network offered unique scientific expertise in the field of calcification and included secondments to other institutions. This also increased appreciation of the differing scientific cultures in the participating countries and provided training activities that surpassed those of individual institutions.

Scientific results indicated that at the cellular level calcification is influenced by ocean acidification and temperature. Organisms, including commercially important species such as bivalves and fish, are most sensitive during their early life stages.

Much greater resilience was found at the ecosystem level, although long-term effects on their composition are still not clear. However, biodiversity increases resilience. The effect of a changing ocean environment on calcification was more difficult to track and predict at the regional and global scale.

Project findings are important for marine conservationists, policymakers, industry and spatial planners. They will help to protect the marine environment and promote the sustainable use of the resources it contains.

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