DROPS

Drought-tolerant yielding plants

 Coordinatore INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE 

 Organization address address: Rue De L'Universite 147
city: PARIS CEDEX 07
postcode: 75338

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: François
Cognome: Tardieu
Email: send email
Telefono: +33 4 99 61 26 32
Fax: +33 4 67 52 21 16

 Nazionalità Coordinatore France [FR]
 Totale costo 9˙720˙024 €
 EC contributo 5˙999˙866 €
 Programma FP7-KBBE
Specific Programme "Cooperation": Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology
 Code Call FP7-KBBE-2009-3
 Funding Scheme CP-IP
 Anno di inizio 2010
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2010-07-01   -   2015-12-31

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE

 Organization address address: Rue De L'Universite 147
city: PARIS CEDEX 07
postcode: 75338

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: François
Cognome: Tardieu
Email: send email
Telefono: +33 4 99 61 26 32
Fax: +33 4 67 52 21 16

FR (PARIS CEDEX 07) coordinator 1˙714˙495.67
2    ALMA MATER STUDIORUM-UNIVERSITA DI BOLOGNA

 Organization address address: Via Zamboni 33
city: BOLOGNA
postcode: 40126

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Maria Corinna
Cognome: Sanguineti
Email: send email
Telefono: 390512000000
Fax: 390512000000

IT (BOLOGNA) participant 686˙910.00
3    UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN

 Organization address address: Place De L'Universite 1
city: LOUVAIN LA NEUVE
postcode: 1348

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Xavier
Cognome: Draye
Email: send email
Telefono: 3210472092
Fax: 3210472021

BE (LOUVAIN LA NEUVE) participant 635˙334.80
4    MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.

 Organization address address: Hofgartenstrasse 8
city: MUENCHEN
postcode: 80539

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Beatrice
Cognome: Riedel
Email: send email
Telefono: 493316000000
Fax: 493316000000

DE (MUENCHEN) participant 625˙696.20
5    LANCASTER UNIVERSITY

 Organization address address: BAILRIGG
city: LANCASTER
postcode: LA1 4YW

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Sarah
Cognome: Taylor
Email: send email
Telefono: +441524 592734
Fax: +441524 843087

UK (LANCASTER) participant 474˙800.25
6    INRA TRANSFERT S.A.

 Organization address address: RUE DU DOCTEUR FINLAY 28
city: PARIS
postcode: 75015

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Bao
Cognome: Diep
Email: send email
Telefono: 33155352641
Fax: 33155352646

FR (PARIS) participant 423˙925.00
7    Sabanci University

 Organization address address: Orhanli Tuzla
city: ISTANBUL
postcode: 34956

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Nilay
Cognome: Papila
Email: send email
Telefono: 902165000000
Fax: 902165000000

TR (ISTANBUL) participant 346˙424.00
8    MAGYAR TUDOMANYOS AKADEMIA AGRARTUDOMANYI KUTATOKOZPONT

 Organization address address: BRUNSZVIK STREET 2
city: MARTONVASAR
postcode: 2462

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Anikó
Cognome: Gémes Juhász
Email: send email
Telefono: 3622569500
Fax: 3622460213

HU (MARTONVASAR) participant 315˙404.98
9    WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY

 Organization address address: DROEVENDAALSESTEEG 4
city: WAGENINGEN
postcode: 6708 PB

contact info
Nome: Bert
Cognome: Jansen
Email: send email
Telefono: +31 317 481129
Fax: +31 317 418094

NL (WAGENINGEN) participant 250˙462.50
10    BIOGEMMA

 Organization address address: Rue E. Colonne 1
city: PARIS
postcode: 75001

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Catherine
Cognome: Guichard
Email: send email
Telefono: 33155349403
Fax: 33155349401

FR (PARIS) participant 188˙719.60
11    SYNGENTA SEEDS SAS

 Organization address address: CHEMIN DE L HOBIT 12
city: SAINT SAUVEUR
postcode: 31790

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Fermin
Cognome: Azanza
Email: send email
Telefono: +33 5 62 79 98 00
Fax: +33 562 79 9900

FR (SAINT SAUVEUR) participant 168˙000.00
12    KWS SAAT AG

 Organization address address: Grimsehlstrasse 31
city: EINBECK
postcode: 37555

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Milena
Cognome: Ouzunova
Email: send email
Telefono: 495561000000
Fax: 495561000000

DE (EINBECK) participant 123˙791.80
13    RHEINISCH-WESTFAELISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE AACHEN

 Organization address address: Templergraben 55
city: AACHEN
postcode: 52062

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Ernst
Cognome: Schmachtenberg
Email: send email
Telefono: 492418000000
Fax: 492418000000

DE (AACHEN) participant 45˙901.20
14    "Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc."

 Organization address address: NW 62nd Avenue 7100
city: Johnston
postcode: 50131

contact info
Titolo: Ms.
Nome: Carol
Cognome: Purse
Email: send email
Telefono: 3026952933
Fax: 3026953125

US (Johnston) participant 0.00
15    AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

 Organization address address: Brunszvik 2
city: MARTONVASAR
postcode: 2462

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Anikó
Cognome: Gémes Juhász
Email: send email
Telefono: 3622569500
Fax: 3622460213

HU (MARTONVASAR) participant 0.00
16    Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics Pty Ltd

 Organization address address: Hartley Grove
city: Urrbrae
postcode: 5064

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Peter
Cognome: Langridge
Email: send email
Telefono: +61 8 83037368
Fax: +61 8 83037102

AU (Urrbrae) participant 0.00
17    THE UNIVERSITY OF QUEENSLAND

 Organization address address: ST LUCIA
city: BRISBANE
postcode: 4072

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Graeme
Cognome: Hammer
Email: send email
Telefono: 61733469463
Fax: 61733651188

AU (BRISBANE) participant 0.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

genetics    abortion    cultivars    natural    wheat    root    genotype    alleles    association    improvement    models    genes    traits    genetic    tools    performance    bread    platforms    drought    scientists    genome    transpiration    contrasting    maize    seed    climate    data    plant    genomic    statistical    breeders    plants    genotypes    variation    tolerant    scenarios    predict    environmental    yield    phenotyping    durum    maintenance    strategies    temperatures    drops    efficiency    water    architecture    courses    climatic    regions    crop    vegetative   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'DROPS will develop novel methods and strategies aimed at yield maintenance under fluctuating water deficit and at enhanced plant water-use efficiency. We deal with high genotype x environment interaction in the field (any trait can have positive, negative or no effect depending on drought scenarios) with an approach combining Physiology, Genetics, field testing and Ecophysiological modelling. The project targets four traits : seed abortion, vegetative growth maintenance, root system architecture and transpiration efficiency. It deals with maize and durum wheat, plus bread wheat and sorghum for specific tasks. DROPS will: - Develop new screens for identifying drought tolerant genotypes, from phenotyping platforms to the field with indicators which are (i) stable characteristics of genotypes with high heritability in phenotyping platforms (ii) based on novel knowledge (e.g. combinations of metabolite concentrations, sensitivity parameters of models or hormonal balances) (iii) genetically related to target traits and able to predict genotype performance in the field via simulation and/or statistical models. - Explore the natural variation of the four target traits by (i) linking the target traits to physiological pathways, genes or genomic regions (ii) assessing the effects of a large allelic diversity for the four target traits via association genetics. - Support crop improvement strategies by developing methods for estimating the comparative advantages of relevant alleles and traits in fields with contrasting drought scenarios. This will be performed via field experiments and by developing a new generation of crop model able to estimate the effects of alleles on crop growth, yield and water-use efficiency Results and methods will be diffused (i) to breeders via the participation of seed companies and a partnership with a breeder association, (ii) to scientists and students via academic publications, and via practical courses and virtual courses in its website.'

Introduzione (Teaser)

An international research project is collecting genetic data associated with environmental stress in crop plants to help breeders create stronger cultivars.

Descrizione progetto (Article)

Climate change scenarios predict that crops will be at increased risk in the years to come, due to drought and high temperatures. There is an urgent need for new cultivars and strategies to mitigate this threat to global food security.

The 'Drought-tolerant yielding plants' (http://www.drops-project.eu/ (DROPS)) project is developing new approaches to enhance water-use efficiency and improve yield in plants experiencing drought conditions. Researchers modelled plant performance in a range of environmental scenarios based on current and future climates. Project partners used maize, durum wheat and bread wheat to investigate four traits: seed abortion rate, vegetative growth maintenance, root system architecture and transpiration efficiency.

The natural variation of the four traits was explored in order to identify the regions in the genome that control them under a range of drought conditions and temperatures. For that, panels of genotypes with wide genetic origins have been analysed in novel phenotyping platforms for detailed characterization of target traits, and in tens of fields over Europe with contrasting scenarios of drought and temperatures. Consistent regions of the genome have been identified that significantly improve plant performance under naturally-occurring stressing conditions. The relevance of the involved 'versions of genes' (alleles) is tested in hundreds of climatic scenarios via crop modelling. This allows identification of combination of alleles associated with better yields and water use efficiency in different regions of Europe, in current and future climate scenarios.

Finally, a major output of DROPS is a comprehensive database of phenotypic data associated with genomic information, usable to the broader scientific community together with new phenotyping, modelling and statistical tools.

This work provides scientists and plant breeders with improved knowledge and tools to enhance crop plant water-use efficiency. It will help support crop improvement strategies through developing cultivars better able to withstand unfavourable climatic scenarios.

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