|Coordinatore||MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.
address: Hofgartenstrasse 8
|Nazionalità Coordinatore||Germany [DE]|
|Totale costo||4˙496˙419 €|
|EC contributo||3˙424˙534 €|
Specific Programme "Cooperation": Transport (including Aeronautics)
|Anno di inizio||2011|
|Periodo (anno-mese-giorno)||2011-01-01 - 2014-12-31|
MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.
address: Hofgartenstrasse 8
ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
address: BATIMENT CE 3316 STATION 1
DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUER LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
address: Linder Hoehe
EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZURICH
address: Raemistrasse 101
Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie
address: Kaiserstrasse 12
THE UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL
address: Brownlow Hill, Foundation Building 765
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'Considering the prevailing congestion problems with ground-based transportation and the anticipated growth of traffic in the coming decades, a major challenge is to find solutions that combine the best of ground-based and air-based transportation. The optimal solution would consist in creating a personal air transport system (PATS) that can overcome the problems associated with all of our current methods of transportation.
We propose an integrated approach to enable the first viable PATS based on Personal Aerial Vehicles (PAVs) envisioned for travelling between homes and working places, and for flying at low altitude in urban environments. Such PAVs should be fully or partially autonomous without requiring ground-based air traffic control. Furthermore, they should operate outside controlled airspace while current air traffic remains unchanged, and should later easily be integrated into the next generation of controlled airspace.
The myCopter project aims to pave the way for PAVs to be used by the general public within the context of such a transport system. Our consortium consists of experts on socio-technological evaluation to assess the impact of the envisioned PATS on society, and of partners that can make the technology advancements necessary for a viable PATS. To this end, test models of handling dynamics for potential PAVs will be designed and implemented on unmanned aerial vehicles, motion simulators, and a manned helicopter. In addition, an investigation into the human capability of flying a PAV will be conducted, resulting in a user-centred design of a suitable human-machine interface (HMI). Furthermore, the project will introduce new automation technologies for obstacle avoidance, path planning and formation flying, which also have excellent potential for other aerospace applications. This project is a unique integration of social investigations and technological advancements that are necessary to move public transportation into the third dimension.'
A transportation system based on personal aerial vehicles (PAVs) may slowly but surely be moving from the realm of science fiction to reality. Recent technological developments are laying the basis for this once far-fetched scenario.
Science fiction has always portrayed a future with skies that are full of PAVs. This vision is now closer to reality than ever before, thanks to the EU-funded project 'Enabling technologies for personal air transport systems' (http://www.mycopter.eu (MYCOPTER)).
Envisioning a personal flying vehicle with vertical take-off and landing capabilities, the project is investigating the required automation technologies and human-machine interfaces, without losing track of the socio-economic impact of such developments.
A personal aerial transportation system (PATS) could alleviate the increasing congestion problems on the ground, which would result in time savings, more productivity, less frustration and enhanced flexibility in urban planning. But before such a system can deliver on these promises, various technological and societal challenges need to be resolved.
Key to the success of a PATS are automation technologies. Autonomous flight in urban environments where accurate GPS-based localisation cannot be guaranteed, collision-free autonomous navigation, and automatic landing place selection are prime examples of challenges that MYCOPTER is tackling.
At the same time, interactions between a pilot and the PAV are of crucial importance. Intuitive human-machine interfaces are required to make flying as easy as driving a car. Conventional vehicles are not suitable for this purpose, and MYCOPTER is investigating how vehicle responses should be augmented and how pilots can be trained. New flight control devices such as a steering wheel and pedals, or force-feedback sidesticks are considered suitable for pilots with limited flight experience. These new concepts have been integrated into various simulators and tested in flight scenarios.
But a PATS will of course never become a reality if it is not accepted by society. The MYCOPTER project is performing explorative investigations into the socio-technological prerequisites and implications of a personal aerial transportation system. Four focus group interviews performed in different European countries are shedding light on social expectations towards such a system and its potential role for future mobility.
While various challenges still need to be resolved before PAVs can take off, the groundwork is now in place for advancing this technology. Once exploited it is set to alleviate urban traffic, save time and fuel, and improve the quality of life for EU citizens.