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CaFE

Development and experimental validation of computational models for cavitating flows, surface erosion damage and material loss

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "CaFE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CITY UNIVERSITY OF LONDON 

Organization address
address: NORTHAMPTON SQUARE
city: LONDON
postcode: EC1V 0HB
website: www.city.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website http://www.cafe-project.eu
 Total cost 3˙939˙999 €
 EC max contribution 3˙939˙999 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.1. (Fostering new skills by means of excellent initial training of researchers)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-ITN-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-ITN-ETN
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-01-01   to  2018-12-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CITY UNIVERSITY OF LONDON UK (LONDON) coordinator 1˙093˙151.00
2    CHALMERS TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLA AB SE (GOETEBORG) participant 527˙318.00
3    INSTITUT POLYTECHNIQUE DE GRENOBLE FR (GRENOBLE CEDEX 1) participant 525˙751.00
4    TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT DELFT NL (DELFT) participant 510˙748.00
5    TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN DE (MUENCHEN) participant 498˙432.00
6    Delphi Diesel Systems LTD UK (London) participant 273˙287.00
7    AVL LIST GMBH AT (GRAZ) participant 255˙934.00
8    WAERTSILA NETHERLANDS B.V. NL (Zwolle) participant 255˙374.00
9    ANDRITZ Hydro AG CH (KRIENS) partner 0.00
10    Argonne National Laboratory US (Argonne) partner 0.00
11    ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE CH (LAUSANNE) partner 0.00
12    JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY US (BALTIMORE) partner 0.00
13    NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY SG (SINGAPORE) partner 0.00
14    Rolls-Royce Goodrich Engine Control Systems Limited UK (Derby) partner 0.00

Map

 Project objective

Cavitation, described as the formation of vapour/gas bubbles of a flowing liquid in a region where the pressure of the liquid falls below its vapour pressure, often leads to vibration and damage of mechanical components, for example, bearings, fuel injectors, valves, propellers and rudders, impellers, pumps and hydro turbines. Cavitation erosion when experienced, normally leads to significant additional repair and maintenance costs or component replacement. Even if erosion problems can be avoided by design or operation, most often the performance of the systems is sub-optimal because countermeasures by design are needed to prevent cavitation problems. Despite the long-lasting problems associated with cavitation, computational models that could simulate cavitation and identify locations of erosion are still not thoroughly developed. The proposed interdisciplinary training and research programme aims to provide new experimental data and an open-source simulation tool for hydrodynamic cavitation and induced erosion. Insight into the detailed bubble collapse mechanism leading to surface erosion will be realised through DNS simulations, which are now feasible by the significant progress in fluid flow computational methods and parallel simulations. Information from such models will be implemented as sub-grid scale models of URANS and LES approaches, typically employed for cavitation simulation at engineering scales. Model validation will be performed against new advanced X-ray, laser diagnostics and high speed imaging measurements to be performed as part of this project. Application of the developed models to cases of industrial interest includes fuel injectors, marine propellers, hydro-turbines, pumps and mechanical heart valves. From this understanding the development of methodologies for design of cavitation-free or remedial measures and operation of devices suffering from cavitation erosion can then be established for the benefit of the relevant communities.

 Deliverables

List of deliverables.
Conference paper Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:35
Marine propeller and Kaplan turbine Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:35
Abrasive particle cavitation Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:35
DNS-derived bubble pressure Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:35
Journals Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:35
TUM-LES validation Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:35
MHV data Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:35
Erosion and atomisation Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:35
Vortex data Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:35
Project website Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-09-06 08:37:33
Interface tracking Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:33
Control valve cavitation Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:33
Erosion model 1 Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:33
MHV test rig Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:33
Barotropic LES Documents, reports 2019-09-06 08:37:33

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of CaFE deliverables.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Joshi , Shrey; Franc , Jean-Pierre; Ghigliotti , Giovanni; Fivel , Marc
Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics simulations of cavitation bubble collapse induced plasticity
published pages: 45-46, ISSN: , DOI:
2nd International Conference on Advanced Modelling of Wave Propagation in Solids, Sep 2018, Prague, Czech Republic 4 2019-09-06
2018 Ebrahim Ghahramani, Mohammad Hossein Arabnejad, Rickard E. Bensow
A comparative study between numerical methods in simulation of cavitating bubbles
published pages: 339-359, ISSN: 0301-9322, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2018.10.010
International Journal of Multiphase Flow Volume 111, February 2019 Volum 2019-09-06
2018 Ghahramani, Ebrahim
A Realizable Hybrid Mixture-Bubble Model for Cavitating Flows
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
8 2019-09-06
2019 Nikolaos Kyriazis, Phoevos Koukouvinis, Manolis Gavaises
Numerical investigations on bubble-induced jetting and shock wave focusing: application on a needle-free injection
published pages: 20180548, ISSN: 1364-5021, DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2018.0548
Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 475/2222 2019-09-06
2018 Nikolaos Kyriazis, Phoevos Koukouvinis, Manolis Gavaises
Modelling cavitation during drop impact on solid surfaces
published pages: 46-64, ISSN: 0001-8686, DOI: 10.1016/j.cis.2018.08.004
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science 260 2019-09-06
2018 Phoevos Koukouvinis, Nikolaos Kyriazis, Manolis Gavaises
Smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulation of a laser pulse impact onto a liquid metal droplet
published pages: e0204125, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0204125
PLOS ONE 13/9 2019-09-06
2018 Ghahramani, Ebrahim
A Realizable Hybrid Mixture-Bubble Model for Cavitating Flows
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
8 2019-09-06
2019 Shrey Joshi, Jean Pierre Franc, Giovanni Ghigliotti, Marc Fivel
SPH modelling of a cavitation bubble collapse near an elasto-visco-plastic material
published pages: 420-439, ISSN: 0022-5096, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2018.12.016
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 125 2019-09-06
2018 Joshi , Shrey; Franc , Jean-Pierre; Ghigliotti , Giovanni; Fivel , Marc
Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics simulations of cavitation bubble collapse induced plasticity
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2nd International Conference on Advanced Modelling of Wave Propagation in Solids, Sep 2018, Prague, Czech Republic 4 2019-09-06
2018 Arabnejad Khanouki, Mohammad Hossein
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Hydrodynamic Mechanisms in Erosive Sheet Cavitation
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
7 2019-09-06
2018 Ebrahim Ghahramani, Mohammad Hossein Arabnejad, Rickard E. Bensow
A comparative study between numerical methods in simulation of cavitating bubbles
published pages: , ISSN: 0301-9322, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2018.10.010
International Journal of Multiphase Flow 2019-09-06
2016 Mohammad Hossein Arabnejad , Rickard Bensow ,Claes Eskilsson
Density-based Compressible Solver with Equilibrium Cavitation Model inOpenFOAM
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
19th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium NuTTS 2016 2019-09-06
2017 Jeonghwa Seo, Ali Amini, Seung Jae Lee, Jongyeol Park, Honggu Yeo, Mohamed Farhat, Shin Hyung Rhee
An experimental study on suppressing Tip Vortex Cavitation by means of a Flexible Thread
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
APS DFD 2018 Every year 2019-09-06
2017 Ebrahim Ghahramani, Mohammad Hossein Arabnejad , Rickard Bensow
A hybrid model for simulation of cavitating flows
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
OpenFOAM Workshop 12th OpenFOAM Workshop 2019-09-06
2017 Shrey Joshi, Giovanni Ghigilotti, Jean-Pierre Franc & Marc Fivel
Development of solid SPH solver with Fluid-structure interaction within SPHYSICS: Application to cavitation erosion
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
SPHERIC 2017 proceeding 2019-09-06
2017 Mohammad Hossein Arabnejad, Rickard Bensow
A Methodology to Identify Erosive Collapse Events in Incompressible Simulation of Cavitating flows
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
20th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium NuTTS 2017 2019-09-06
2017 Ebrahim Ghahramani , Rickard Bensow
Coupling of the cavitation mixture model with the discrete bubble model
published pages: 68-73, ISSN: , DOI:
20th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium NuTTS 2017 2019-09-06
2017 Jeonghwa Seo, Ali Amini, Seung Jae Lee, Jongyeol Park, Honggu Yeo, Mohamed Farhat, Shin Hyung Rhee
An experimental study on suppressing Tip Vortex Cavitation by means of a Flexible Thread
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
APS DFD 2018 Every year 2019-09-06
2018 M. H. Arabnejad, A. Amini, R.E. Bensow, and M. Farhat
Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Cavitating Flows over Modified NACA009 foil
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
CAV 2018 Every three years 2019-09-06
2018 Arabnejad Khanouki, Mohammad Hossein
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Hydrodynamic Mechanisms in Erosive Sheet Cavitation
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
7 2019-09-06
2018 Ioannis K. Karathanassis, Phoevos Koukouvinis, Efstathios Kontolatis, Zhilong Lee, Jin Wang, Nicholas Mitroglou, Manolis Gavaises
High-speed visualization of vortical cavitation using synchrotron radiation
published pages: 148-164, ISSN: 0022-1120, DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2017.885
Journal of Fluid Mechanics 838 2019-09-06
2016 Ebrahim Ghahramani and Rickard Bensow
A multi-scale Eulerian-Lagrangian model for simulation of cavitating flows
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
19th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium (NuTTS 2016) 3-4 October 2016 2019-09-06
2018 Saad Jahangir; Evert C. Wagner; Robert F. Mudde; Christian Poelma
X-ray computed tomography of cavitating flow in a converging-diverging nozzle
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (cav2018) every three years 2019-09-06
2018 Mohammad Hossein Arabnejad; Ali Amini; Rickard Bensow; Mohamed Farhat
Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Cavitating Flows over a Modified NACA0009 Foil
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (cav2018) every three years 2019-09-06
2018 E. Stavropoulos Vasilakis, P. Koukouvinis, M. Farhat, M. Gavaises
Cavitation Induction by Projectile Impacting on a Water Jet
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (cav2018) every three years 2019-09-06
2018 S. Schenke and T.J.C. van Terwisga
Erosive Aggressiveness of Collapsing Cavitating Structures
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Symposium on Cavitation (CAV2018) every three years 2019-09-06
2018 Saad Jahangir, Willian Hogendoorn, Christian Poelma
Dynamics of partial cavitation in an axisymmetric converging-diverging nozzle
published pages: 34-45, ISSN: 0301-9322, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2018.04.019
International Journal of Multiphase Flow 106 2019-09-06
2018 Amitosh Dash, Saad Jahangir, Christian Poelma
Direct comparison of shadowgraphy and X-ray imaging for void fraction determination
published pages: 1-11, ISSN: 0957-0233, DOI: 10.1088/1361-6501/aaea49
Measurement Science and Technology Volume 29, Number 12:125303, 20 2019-09-06
2018 Daria Ogloblina, Steffen J. Schmidt, Nikolaus A. Adams
Simulation and analysis of collapsing vapor-bubble clusters with special emphasis on potentially erosive impact loads at walls
published pages: 2079, ISSN: 2100-014X, DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/201817002079
EPJ Web of Conferences 180 2019-09-06
2018 Phoevos Koukouvinis, Nikolaos Kyriazis, Manolis Gavaises
Smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulation of a laser pulse impact onto a liquid metal droplet
published pages: e0204125, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0204125
PLOS ONE 13/9 2019-09-06
2018 M.G. Mithun, P. Koukouvnis, I. K. Karathanassis, M. Gavaises
Simulating the effect of in-nozzle cavitation on liquid atomisation using a three-phase model
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (cav2018) May 2018 2019-09-06
2018 Themistoklis I. Melissaris, Norbert Bulten and Tom van Terwisga
On Cavitation Aggressiveness and Cavitation Erosion on Marine Propellers using a URANS Method
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (CAV2018) every three years 2019-09-06
2018 Nikolaos Kyriazis, Phoevos Koukouvinis, Manolis Gavaises
Modelling cavitation during drop impact on solid surfaces
published pages: 46-64, ISSN: 0001-8686, DOI: 10.1016/j.cis.2018.08.004
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science 260 2019-09-06
2018 Nikolaos Kyriazis, Phoevos Koukouvinis, Manolis Gavaises, Richard Pearson and Martin Gold
Heating effects during bubble collapse using tabulated data
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (cav2018) every three years 2019-09-06
2018 Maxwell Brunhart, Celia Soteriou, Christian Daveau, Manolis Gavaises, Phoevos Koukouvinis, Mark Winterbourn
Initial findings of an investigation on the removal of the cavitation erosion risk in a prototype control orifice inside a diesel injector
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (cav2018) May 14th-16, 2018. Every three 2019-09-06
2018 Prasanta Sarkar, Giovanni Ghigliotti, Marc Fivel, Jean-Pierre Franc
Numerical investigation of the dynamics of pressure loading on a solid boundary from a collapsing cavitation bubble
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (cav2018) every three years 2019-09-06
2018 Marco Cristofaro; Wilfried Edelbauer; Phoevos Koukouvinis; Manolis Gavaises
Large Eddy Simulation of the internal injector flow during pilot injection
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (cav2018) May 2018 2019-09-06
2018 Ali Amini; Martino Reclari; Takeshi Sano; Mohamed Farhat
Effect of Gas Content on Tip Vortex Cavitation
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (cav2018) May 2018 2019-09-06
2018 Ebrahim Ghahramani and Rickard E. Bensow
Analysis of the Finite Mass Transfer Models in the Numerical Simulation of Bubbly Flows
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th International Cavitation Symposium (cav2018) every three years 2019-09-06
2017 Themistoklis I. Melissaris, Norbert Bulten and Tom van Terwisga
On the Cavitation Erosion Prediction Using a URANS Method
published pages: 139-144, ISSN: , DOI:
20th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium (NuTTS 2017) Every year 2019-09-06

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