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Atomic-scale investigation of structure, diffusions, and kinetics of Al2O3/MgO reaction interfaces during spinel growth

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "INTERFACIAL REACTIONS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: WIEN
postcode: 1010

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Austria [AT]
 Project website
 Total cost 166˙156 €
 EC max contribution 166˙156 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-05-01   to  2017-04-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITAT WIEN AT (WIEN) coordinator 166˙156.00


 Project objective

Much of our understanding of the evolution of the earth and other planets comes from analysis of minerals and rocks. In order to read the abundant information about the formation of these planets contained within them, the structure and composition of the minerals and rocks must be determined. Furthermore, the relationship between the mineral structure and the formation conditions needs to be corroborated via laboratory experiments. A typical case of mineral formation is reaction rim growth in which a new phase forms at the interface between two types of minerals. The phase resulting from the reaction of the minerals reflects the initial formation conditions. In the proposed research, MgO (periclase) will be deposited on Al2O3 (corundum) using pulsed laser deposition (PLD), and annealed at different temperatures. With this approach, the different growth stages of MgAl2O4 (spinel) phase formed at the reaction interfaces will be assessed. A combination of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), focused ion beam (FIB) and low kV argon-milling will be used to prepare site- and orientation- specific specimens for examination in an electron microscope. A state-of-the-art aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) with sub-Å resolution will be employed to directly resolve the actual atomic structure of reaction interfaces for the first time. Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) in the STEM will be used, also for the first time, to directly reveal the elemental distributions and bonding states across the interfaces, resolving the actual atomic scale sequence of phase changes. Furthermore, electron beam excitation allows the investigation of the dynamic processes at the reaction interface. Finally the interface structure in different growth stages will be compared, therefore the relationship between the interfacial reactions and the growth conditions will be fully understood.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2015 Chaitanya K. Narula, Xiaofan Yang, Chen Li, Andrew R. Lupini, Stephen J. Pennycook
A Pathway for the Growth of Core?Shell Pt?Pd Nanoparticles
published pages: 25114-25121, ISSN: 1932-7447, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b08119
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119/44 2019-07-23
2016 A. H. Goldan, C. Li, S. J. Pennycook, J. Schneider, A. Blom, W. Zhao
Molecular structure of vapor-deposited amorphous selenium
published pages: 135101, ISSN: 0021-8979, DOI: 10.1063/1.4962315
Journal of Applied Physics 120/13 2019-07-23
2018 Chen Li, Gerlinde Habler, Lisa C. Baldwin, Rainer Abart
An improved FIB sample preparation technique for site-specific plan-view specimens: A new cutting geometry
published pages: 310-317, ISSN: 0304-3991, DOI: 10.1016/j.ultramic.2017.09.011
Ultramicroscopy 184 2019-07-23
2016 J. D. Major, M. Al Turkestani, L. Bowen, M. Brossard, C. Li, P. Lagoudakis, S. J. Pennycook, L. J. Phillips, R. E. Treharne, K. Durose
In-depth analysis of chloride treatments for thin-film CdTe solar cells
published pages: 13231, ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13231
Nature Communications 7 2019-07-23
2017 Baldwin, Lisa; Li, Chen; Habler, Gerlinde; Abart, Rainer
The behavior of mineral inclusions during host decomposition. A SEM-STEM study of rutile inclusions at a natural propagating corundum-spinel interface.
published pages: 17337, ISSN: , DOI:
EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 2017, 19, 2019-07-23
2015 Yeliang Wang, Linfei Li, Wei Yao, Shiru Song, J. T. Sun, Jinbo Pan, Xiao Ren, Chen Li, Eiji Okunishi, Yu-Qi Wang, Eryin Wang, Yan Shao, Y. Y. Zhang, Hai-tao Yang, Eike F. Schwier, Hideaki Iwasawa, Kenya Shimada, Masaki Taniguchi, Zhaohua Cheng, Shuyun Zhou, Shixuan Du, Stephen J. Pennycook, Sokrates T. Pantelides, Hong-Jun Gao
Monolayer PtSe 2 , a New Semiconducting Transition-Metal-Dichalcogenide, Epitaxially Grown by Direct Selenization of Pt
published pages: 4013-4018, ISSN: 1530-6984, DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00964
Nano Letters 15/6 2019-07-23
2016 Jonathan D. Poplawsky, Chen Li, Naba R. Paudel, Wei Guo, Yanfa Yan, Stephen J. Pennycook
Nanoscale doping profiles within CdTe grain boundaries and at the CdS/CdTe interface revealed by atom probe tomography and STEM EBIC
published pages: 95-101, ISSN: 0927-0248, DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2016.02.004
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 150 2019-07-23
2016 C. Li University of Vienna T. Griffiths Department of Lithospheric Research, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Geography and Astronomy, University of Vienna T. J. Pennycook University of Vienna C. Mangler Physics of Nanostructured Materials, Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna P. Jeřábek Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Charles University in Prague J. Meyer Physics of Nanostructured Materials, Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna G. Habler Department of Lithospheric Research, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Geography and Astronomy, University of Vienna R. Abart Department of Lithospheric Research, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Geography and Astronomy, University of Vienna
The structure of a propagating MgAl2O4/MgO interface: linked atomic- and μm-scale mechanisms of interface motion
published pages: 2488-2503, ISSN: 1478-6435, DOI: 10.1080/14786435.2016.1205233
Philosophical Magazine Volume96 Issue23 2019-07-23
2017 Chen Li, Jonathan Poplawsky, Yanfa Yan, Stephen J. Pennycook
Understanding individual defects in CdTe thin-film solar cells via STEM: From atomic structure to electrical activity
published pages: 64-76, ISSN: 1369-8001, DOI: 10.1016/j.mssp.2016.06.017
Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing 65 2019-07-23
2016 Chen Li, Yu-Yang Zhang, Timothy J. Pennycook, Yelong Wu, Andrew R. Lupini, Naba Paudel, Sokrates T. Pantelides, Yanfa Yan, Stephen J. Pennycook
Column-by-column observation of dislocation motion in CdTe: Dynamic scanning transmission electron microscopy
published pages: 143107, ISSN: 0003-6951, DOI: 10.1063/1.4963765
Applied Physics Letters 109/14 2019-07-23
2016 O. Ageeva, G. Habler, D. Topa, T. Waitz, C. Li, A. Pertsev, T. Griffiths, O. Zhilicheva and R. Abart.
Plagioclase hosted Fe-Ti-oxide micro-inclusions in an oceanic gabbro-plagiogranite association from the Mid Atlantic ridge at 13°34\' N
published pages: 85-109, ISSN: 0002-9599, DOI: 10.2475/02.2016.01
American Journal of Science, 316, 2019-07-23
2016 Jonathan D. Poplawsky, Chen Li, Naba R. Paudel, Wei Guo, Yanfa Yan, Stephen J. Pennycook
APT mass spectrometry and SEM data for CdTe solar cells
published pages: 779-785, ISSN: 2352-3409, DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2016.03.042
Data in Brief 7 2019-07-23

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