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Reassessing Ninth Century Philosophy. A Synchronic Approach to the Logical Traditions

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 9 SALT project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the 9 SALT project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "9 SALT" about.

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Project "9 SALT" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: WIEN
postcode: 1010

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Austria [AT]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙998˙566 €
 EC max contribution 1˙998˙566 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2020-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITAT WIEN AT (WIEN) coordinator 1˙998˙566.00


 Project objective

This project aims at a better understanding of the philosophical richness of ninth century thought using the unprecedented and highly innovative method of the synchronic approach. The hypothesis directing this synchronic approach is that studying together in parallel the four main philosophical traditions of the century – i.e. Latin, Greek, Syriac and Arabic – will bring results that the traditional enquiry limited to one tradition alone can never reach. This implies pioneering a new methodology to overcome the compartmentalization of research which prevails nowadays. Using this method is only possible because the four conditions of applicability – comparable intellectual environment, common text corpus, similar methodological perspective, commensurable problems – are fulfilled. The ninth century, a time of cultural renewal in the Carolingian, Byzantine and Abbasid empires, possesses the remarkable characteristic – which ensures commensurability – that the same texts, namely the writings of Aristotelian logic (mainly Porphyry’s Isagoge and Aristotle’s Categories) were read and commented upon in Latin, Greek, Syriac and Arabic alike. Logic is fundamental to philosophical enquiry. The contested question is the human capacity to rationalise, analyse and describe the sensible reality, to understand the ontological structure of the world, and to define the types of entities which exist. The use of this unprecedented synchronic approach will allow us a deeper understanding of the positions, a clear identification of the a priori postulates of the philosophical debates, and a critical evaluation of the arguments used. It provides a unique opportunity to compare the different traditions and highlight the heritage which is common, to stress the specificities of each tradition when tackling philosophical issues and to discover the doctrinal results triggered by their mutual interactions, be they constructive (scholarly exchanges) or polemic (religious controversies).


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Christophe Erismann
Meletius Monachus on individuality: a ninth-century Byzantine medical reading of Porphyry’s Logic
published pages: 37-60, ISSN: 0007-7704, DOI: 10.1515/bz-2017-0005
Byzantinische Zeitschrift 110/1 2019-06-06
2017 Christophe Erismann
Theodore the Studite and Photius on the Humanity of Christ. A neglected Byzantine Discussion on Universals in the Time of Iconoclasm
published pages: 175-192, ISSN: 0070-7546, DOI:
Dumbarton Oaks Papers 71 2019-06-06
2016 Christophe Erismann
Venerating Likeness: Byzantine Iconophile Thinkers on Aristotelian Relatives and their Simultaneity
published pages: 405-425, ISSN: 0960-8788, DOI: 10.1080/09608788.2016.1164665
British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24/3 2019-06-06
2017 Byron MacDougall
John of Sardis’ Commentary on Aphthonius’ Progymnasmata: Logic in Ninth-Century Byzantium
published pages: 721–744, ISSN: 0017-3916, DOI:
Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 57 2019-06-06

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