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PLANTSTEMS SIGNED

Decoding the Lateral Expansion of Plant Stems

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 PLANTSTEMS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the PLANTSTEMS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "PLANTSTEMS" about.

developmental    resolution    wood    brassinosteroid    subdomains    stems    constraints    habit    mechanical    cell    initiation    mode    animals    cascades    signalling    modulation    physical    organisms    basic    lateral    cambium    explore    maps    modulate    tuning    sense    responsible    body    hormones    identities    contrast    paradigm    extracellular    stem    purely    group    remodelling    thaliana    relative    unprecedented    arabidopsis    matrix    expression    indefinite    provides    underlying    genetics    differentiated    plants    leverage    proportion    position    record    biomass    roots    proliferation    fixes    cellular    cells    imposed    functions    individuals    reference    decipher    remarkable    influence    question    overcome    fate    integrate    environment    interaction    accumulation    vivo    pathological    signatures    plant    thereby    integrity    unknown    tissues    adult    thickening    deleterious    reprogrammed    context    reveal    postembryonic    connecting    consequently    decode    completely    fundamental    tissue    participating    terrestrial   

Project "PLANTSTEMS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAET HEIDELBERG 

Organization address
address: SEMINARSTRASSE 2
city: HEIDELBERG
postcode: 69117
website: www.uni-heidelberg.de

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website http://www.cos.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/t.greb
 Total cost 1˙999˙000 €
 EC max contribution 1˙999˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2021-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAET HEIDELBERG DE (HEIDELBERG) coordinator 1˙999˙000.00

Map

 Project objective

In contrast to animals, in which tissue proliferation in adult individuals is often pathological and deleterious, plants have evolved an indefinite growth habit. A remarkable but under-investigated example is the thickening of plant stems and roots: It is a purely postembryonic growth process and the group of stem cells responsible – the cambium – is derived from and embedded in fully differentiated tissues. Consequently, lateral plant growth has to integrate and overcome developmental and physical constraints imposed by participating tissues. This is especially significant in the context of the extracellular matrix, which fixes the position of plant cells relative to each other and provides mechanical support for the plant body. However, how cells sense and modulate their environment during this process is completely unknown. Here, I will leverage the unique growth mode of plants and explore the process of lateral stem growth in the reference plant Arabidopsis thaliana as a paradigm for postembryonic growth and tissue remodelling. Thereby I will address the fundamental question of how cell identities are reprogrammed in vivo and how basic cellular functions like interaction between cells and their matrix contribute to this process. To achieve this I will i) decipher the influence of the extracellular matrix on stem cell activity by cell type-specific modulation of matrix integrity; ii) decode the complex role of brassinosteroid hormones by tuning their activities during stem cell initiation; iii) record cell fate signatures by high-resolution 4-D expression maps for cambium subdomains; and iv) Identify novel signalling cascades connecting the extracellular matrix with underlying cells by forward genetics. Together my results will provide unprecedented insight into lateral stem growth – a process responsible for the accumulation of wood and a large proportion of terrestrial biomass and will reveal fundamental concepts of growth processes in adult organisms.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Eva-Sophie Wallner, Vadir López-Salmerón, Ilya Belevich, Gernot Poschet, Ilona Jung, Karin Grünwald, Iris Sevilem, Eija Jokitalo, Rüdiger Hell, Yrjö Helariutta, Javier Agustí, Ivan Lebovka, Thomas Greb
Strigolactone- and Karrikin-Independent SMXL Proteins Are Central Regulators of Phloem Formation
published pages: 1241-1247, ISSN: 0960-9822, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.03.014
Current Biology 27/8 2019-09-30
2017 Dongbo Shi, Tinatini Tavhelidse, Thomas Thumberger, Joachim Wittbrodt, Thomas Greb
Bifacial stem cell niches in fish and plants
published pages: 28-33, ISSN: 0959-437X, DOI: 10.1016/j.gde.2017.02.002
Current Opinion in Genetics & Development 45 2019-09-30
2016 K. Elsayad, S. Werner, M. Gallemi, J. Kong, E. R. Sanchez Guajardo, L. Zhang, Y. Jaillais, T. Greb, Y. Belkhadir
Mapping the subcellular mechanical properties of live cells in tissues with fluorescence emission-Brillouin imaging
published pages: rs5-rs5, ISSN: 1937-9145, DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.aaf6326
Science Signaling 9/435 2019-09-30
2017 Laura Ragni, Thomas Greb
Secondary growth as a determinant of plant shape and form
published pages: , ISSN: 1084-9521, DOI: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2017.08.050
Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology 2019-09-30
2018 Klaus Brackmann, Jiyan Qi, Michael Gebert, Virginie Jouannet, Theresa Schlamp, Karin Grünwald, Eva-Sophie Wallner, Daria D. Novikova, Victor G. Levitsky, Javier Agustí, Pablo Sanchez, Jan U. Lohmann, Thomas Greb
Spatial specificity of auxin responses coordinates wood formation
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-03256-2
Nature Communications 9/1 2019-09-30
2016 Wallner, Eva-Sophie; Greb, Thomas; López-Salmerón, Vadir
Strigolactone versus gibberellin signaling: reemerging concepts?
published pages: 1339-1350, ISSN: 0032-0935, DOI: 10.1007/s00425-016-2478-6
Planta 1 2019-09-30
2018 Ann-Kathrin Schürholz, Vadir López-Salmerón, Zhenni Li, Joachim Forner, Christian Wenzl, Christophe Gaillochet, Sebastian Augustin, Amaya Vilches Barro, Michael Fuchs, Michael Gebert, Jan U. Lohmann, Thomas Greb, Sebastian Wolf
A Comprehensive Toolkit for Inducible, Cell Type-Specific Gene Expression in Arabidopsis
published pages: 40-53, ISSN: 0032-0889, DOI: 10.1104/pp.18.00463
Plant Physiology 178/1 2019-09-30

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