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PLANTSTEMS SIGNED

Decoding the Lateral Expansion of Plant Stems

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 PLANTSTEMS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the PLANTSTEMS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "PLANTSTEMS" about.

imposed    reprogrammed    basic    wood    arabidopsis    stem    indefinite    organisms    tissues    extracellular    accumulation    fundamental    reveal    postembryonic    group    expression    animals    genetics    paradigm    unprecedented    signalling    subdomains    explore    modulate    biomass    thereby    pathological    roots    cascades    hormones    terrestrial    position    cellular    habit    deleterious    thickening    developmental    underlying    functions    connecting    stems    remarkable    record    purely    overcome    unknown    matrix    fate    fixes    resolution    participating    reference    modulation    thaliana    interaction    decipher    consequently    maps    physical    remodelling    vivo    proportion    responsible    decode    relative    contrast    leverage    identities    lateral    cell    integrity    sense    signatures    cambium    integrate    plants    completely    tissue    cells    plant    individuals    environment    mode    body    constraints    tuning    context    differentiated    initiation    proliferation    provides    brassinosteroid    question    influence    adult    mechanical   

Project "PLANTSTEMS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAET HEIDELBERG 

Organization address
address: SEMINARSTRASSE 2
city: HEIDELBERG
postcode: 69117
website: www.uni-heidelberg.de

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website http://www.cos.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/t.greb
 Total cost 1˙999˙000 €
 EC max contribution 1˙999˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2021-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAET HEIDELBERG DE (HEIDELBERG) coordinator 1˙999˙000.00

Map

 Project objective

In contrast to animals, in which tissue proliferation in adult individuals is often pathological and deleterious, plants have evolved an indefinite growth habit. A remarkable but under-investigated example is the thickening of plant stems and roots: It is a purely postembryonic growth process and the group of stem cells responsible – the cambium – is derived from and embedded in fully differentiated tissues. Consequently, lateral plant growth has to integrate and overcome developmental and physical constraints imposed by participating tissues. This is especially significant in the context of the extracellular matrix, which fixes the position of plant cells relative to each other and provides mechanical support for the plant body. However, how cells sense and modulate their environment during this process is completely unknown. Here, I will leverage the unique growth mode of plants and explore the process of lateral stem growth in the reference plant Arabidopsis thaliana as a paradigm for postembryonic growth and tissue remodelling. Thereby I will address the fundamental question of how cell identities are reprogrammed in vivo and how basic cellular functions like interaction between cells and their matrix contribute to this process. To achieve this I will i) decipher the influence of the extracellular matrix on stem cell activity by cell type-specific modulation of matrix integrity; ii) decode the complex role of brassinosteroid hormones by tuning their activities during stem cell initiation; iii) record cell fate signatures by high-resolution 4-D expression maps for cambium subdomains; and iv) Identify novel signalling cascades connecting the extracellular matrix with underlying cells by forward genetics. Together my results will provide unprecedented insight into lateral stem growth – a process responsible for the accumulation of wood and a large proportion of terrestrial biomass and will reveal fundamental concepts of growth processes in adult organisms.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Eva-Sophie Wallner, Vadir López-Salmerón, Ilya Belevich, Gernot Poschet, Ilona Jung, Karin Grünwald, Iris Sevilem, Eija Jokitalo, Rüdiger Hell, Yrjö Helariutta, Javier Agustí, Ivan Lebovka, Thomas Greb
Strigolactone- and Karrikin-Independent SMXL Proteins Are Central Regulators of Phloem Formation
published pages: 1241-1247, ISSN: 0960-9822, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.03.014
Current Biology 27/8 2019-09-30
2017 Dongbo Shi, Tinatini Tavhelidse, Thomas Thumberger, Joachim Wittbrodt, Thomas Greb
Bifacial stem cell niches in fish and plants
published pages: 28-33, ISSN: 0959-437X, DOI: 10.1016/j.gde.2017.02.002
Current Opinion in Genetics & Development 45 2019-09-30
2016 K. Elsayad, S. Werner, M. Gallemi, J. Kong, E. R. Sanchez Guajardo, L. Zhang, Y. Jaillais, T. Greb, Y. Belkhadir
Mapping the subcellular mechanical properties of live cells in tissues with fluorescence emission-Brillouin imaging
published pages: rs5-rs5, ISSN: 1937-9145, DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.aaf6326
Science Signaling 9/435 2019-09-30
2017 Laura Ragni, Thomas Greb
Secondary growth as a determinant of plant shape and form
published pages: , ISSN: 1084-9521, DOI: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2017.08.050
Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology 2019-09-30
2018 Klaus Brackmann, Jiyan Qi, Michael Gebert, Virginie Jouannet, Theresa Schlamp, Karin Grünwald, Eva-Sophie Wallner, Daria D. Novikova, Victor G. Levitsky, Javier Agustí, Pablo Sanchez, Jan U. Lohmann, Thomas Greb
Spatial specificity of auxin responses coordinates wood formation
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-03256-2
Nature Communications 9/1 2019-09-30
2016 Wallner, Eva-Sophie; Greb, Thomas; López-Salmerón, Vadir
Strigolactone versus gibberellin signaling: reemerging concepts?
published pages: 1339-1350, ISSN: 0032-0935, DOI: 10.1007/s00425-016-2478-6
Planta 1 2019-09-30
2018 Ann-Kathrin Schürholz, Vadir López-Salmerón, Zhenni Li, Joachim Forner, Christian Wenzl, Christophe Gaillochet, Sebastian Augustin, Amaya Vilches Barro, Michael Fuchs, Michael Gebert, Jan U. Lohmann, Thomas Greb, Sebastian Wolf
A Comprehensive Toolkit for Inducible, Cell Type-Specific Gene Expression in Arabidopsis
published pages: 40-53, ISSN: 0032-0889, DOI: 10.1104/pp.18.00463
Plant Physiology 178/1 2019-09-30

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