Opendata, web and dolomites


Climbing the Asian Water Tower

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 CAT project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the CAT project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "CAT" about.

stored    contrasting    water    hydrology    interactions    ice    unprecedented    variability    monumental    inclusion    imperative    latest    unambiguously    resolving    events    hydrological    himalayan    glacio    fourth    himalaya    mechanisms    hydro    extremes    2010    remote    population    newly    climate    error    exists    snow    spatial    monitor    floods    policies    cycle    discovery    dynamics    systematic    vulnerable    ipcc    glaciers    scientific    atmospheric    gap    observations    extreme    employ    underlying    stakes    exemplary    cat    supplying    generate    combination    25    altitude    bridge    representative    himalayas    algorithms    glacier    parameterize    reveal    accurate    misconceptions    topography    damage    cloud    sensing    balance    climates    base    catchments    data    individual    meteorological    huge    supply    function    drones    energy    differences    region    poorly    entire    pakistan    global    models    report    hyrological    combining   

Project "CAT" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 3584 CS

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙499˙631 €
 EC max contribution 1˙499˙631 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-02-01   to  2021-01-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITEIT UTRECHT NL (UTRECHT) coordinator 1˙499˙631.00


 Project objective

The water cycle in the Himalaya is poorly understood because of its extreme topography that results in complex interactions between climate and water stored in snow and glaciers. Hydrological extremes in the greater Himalayas regularly cause great damage, e.g. the Pakistan floods in 2010, while the Himalayas also supply water to over 25% of the global population. So, the stakes are high and an accurate understanding of the Himalayan water cycle is imperative. The discovery of the monumental error on the future of the Himalayan glaciers in the fourth assessment report of the IPCC is exemplary for the scientific misconceptions which are associated to the Himalayan glaciers and its water supplying function. The underlying reason is the huge scale gap that exists between studies for individual glaciers that are not representative of the entire region and hydrological modelling studies that represent the variability in Himalayan climates. In CAT, I will bridge this knowledge gap and explain spatial differences in Himalayan glacio-hydrology at an unprecedented level of detail by combining high-altitude observations, the latest remote sensing technology and state-of-the-art atmospheric and hydrological models. I will generate a high-altitude meteorological observations and will employ drones to monitor glacier dynamics. The data will be used to parameterize key processes in hydro-meteorological models such as cloud resolving mechanisms, glacier dynamics and the ice and snow energy balance. The results will be integrated into atmospheric and glacio-hyrological models for two representative, but contrasting catchments using in combination with the systematic inclusion of the newly developed algorithms. CAT will unambiguously reveal spatial differences in Himalayan glacio-hydrology necessary to project future changes in water availability and extreme events. As such, CAT may provide the scientific base for climate change adaptation policies in this vulnerable region.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Jakob F. Steiner, Philip D. A. Kraaijenbrink, Sergiu G. Jiduc, Walter W. Immerzeel
Brief communication: The Khurdopin glacier surge revisited – extreme flow velocities and formation of a dammed lake in 2017
published pages: 95-101, ISSN: 1994-0424, DOI: 10.5194/tc-12-95-2018
The Cryosphere 12/1 2019-07-08
2016 Christian Vincent, Patrick Wagnon, Joseph M. Shea, Walter W. Immerzeel, Philip Kraaijenbrink, Dibas Shrestha, Alvaro Soruco, Yves Arnaud, Fanny Brun, Etienne Berthier, Sonam Futi Sherpa
Reduced melt on debris-covered glaciers: investigations from Changri Nup Glacier, Nepal
published pages: 1845-1858, ISSN: 1994-0424, DOI: 10.5194/tc-10-1845-2016
The Cryosphere 10/4 2019-07-08
2016 P.D.A. Kraaijenbrink, J.M. Shea, F. Pellicciotti, S.M. de Jong, W.W. Immerzeel
Object-based analysis of unmanned aerial vehicle imagery to map and characterise surface features on a debris-covered glacier
published pages: 581-595, ISSN: 0034-4257, DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2016.09.013
Remote Sensing of Environment 186 2019-07-08
2017 Emmy E. Stigter, Niko Wanders, Tuomo M. Saloranta, Joseph M. Shea, Marc F. P. Bierkens, Walter W. Immerzeel
Assimilation of snow cover and snow depth into a snow model to estimate snow water equivalent and snowmelt runoff in a Himalayan catchment
published pages: 1647-1664, ISSN: 1994-0424, DOI: 10.5194/tc-11-1647-2017
The Cryosphere 11/4 2019-07-08
2017 René R. Wijngaard, Arthur F. Lutz, Santosh Nepal, Sonu Khanal, Saurav Pradhananga, Arun B. Shrestha, Walter W. Immerzeel
Future changes in hydro-climatic extremes in the Upper Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra River basins
published pages: e0190224, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190224
PLOS ONE 12/12 2019-07-08
2016 Silvan Ragettli, Walter W. Immerzeel, Francesca Pellicciotti
Contrasting climate change impact on river flows from high-altitude catchments in the Himalayan and Andes Mountains
published pages: 9222-9227, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1606526113
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113/33 2019-07-08
2016 A. F. Lutz, W. W. Immerzeel, P. D. A. Kraaijenbrink, A. B. Shrestha, M. F. P. Bierkens
Climate Change Impacts on the Upper Indus Hydrology: Sources, Shifts and Extremes
published pages: e0165630, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0165630
PLOS ONE 11/11 2019-07-08
2017 A. P. Dimri, W. W. Immerzeel, N. Salzmann, R. J. Thayyen
Comparison of climatic trends and variability among glacierized environments in the Western Himalayas
published pages: , ISSN: 0177-798X, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-017-2265-8
Theoretical and Applied Climatology 2019-07-08
Spatial, seasonal and interannual variability of supraglacial ponds in the Langtang Valley of Nepal, 1999–2013
published pages: 88-105, ISSN: 0022-1430, DOI: 10.1017/jog.2016.120
Journal of Glaciology 63/237 2019-07-08
2017 Koji Fujita, Hiroshi Inoue, Takeki Izumi, Satoru Yamaguchi, Ayako Sadakane, Sojiro Sunako, Kouichi Nishimura, Walter W. Immerzeel, Joseph M. Shea, Rijan B. Kayastha, Takanobu Sawagaki, David F. Breashears, Hiroshi Yagi, Akiko Sakai
Anomalous winter-snow-amplified earthquake-induced disaster of the 2015 Langtang avalanche in Nepal
published pages: 749-764, ISSN: 1684-9981, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-17-749-2017
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 17/5 2019-07-08
2018 Emmy E. Stigter, Maxime Litt, Jakob F. Steiner, Pleun N. J. Bonekamp, Joseph M. Shea, Marc F. P. Bierkens, Walter W. Immerzeel
The Importance of Snow Sublimation on a Himalayan Glacier
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-6463, DOI: 10.3389/feart.2018.00108
Frontiers in Earth Science 6 2019-07-08
2016 Philip Kraaijenbrink, Sander W. Meijer, Joseph M. Shea, Francesca Pellicciotti, Steven M. De Jong, Walter W. Immerzeel
Seasonal surface velocities of a Himalayan glacier derived by automated correlation of unmanned aerial vehicle imagery
published pages: 103-113, ISSN: 0260-3055, DOI: 10.3189/2016AoG71A072
Annals of Glaciology 57/71 2019-07-08
2016 Pascal Buri, Evan S. Miles, Jakob F. Steiner, Walter W. Immerzeel, Patrick Wagnon, Francesca Pellicciotti
A physically based 3-D model of ice cliff evolution over debris-covered glaciers
published pages: 2471-2493, ISSN: 2169-9003, DOI: 10.1002/2016JF004039
Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 121/12 2019-07-08
2016 Arthur F. Lutz, Herbert W. ter Maat, Hester Biemans, Arun B. Shrestha, Philippus Wester, Walter W. Immerzeel
Selecting representative climate models for climate change impact studies: an advanced envelope-based selection approach
published pages: 3988-4005, ISSN: 0899-8418, DOI: 10.1002/joc.4608
International Journal of Climatology 36/12 2019-07-08
2017 Evan S. Miles, Jakob F. Steiner, Fanny Brun
Highly variable aerodynamic roughness length ( z 0 ) for a hummocky debris-covered glacier
published pages: 8447-8466, ISSN: 2169-897X, DOI: 10.1002/2017JD026510
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122/16 2019-07-08
2017 Evan S. Miles, Jakob Steiner, Ian Willis, Pascal Buri, Walter W. Immerzeel, Anna Chesnokova, Francesca Pellicciotti
Pond Dynamics and Supraglacial-Englacial Connectivity on Debris-Covered Lirung Glacier, Nepal
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-6463, DOI: 10.3389/FEART.2017.00069
Frontiers in Earth Science 5 2019-07-08
2018 Remco J. de Kok, Obbe A. Tuinenburg, Pleun N. J. Bonekamp, Walter W. Immerzeel
Irrigation as a Potential Driver for Anomalous Glacier Behavior in High Mountain Asia
published pages: 2047-2054, ISSN: 0094-8276, DOI: 10.1002/2017GL076158
Geophysical Research Letters 45/4 2019-07-08
2017 A. Orr, C. Listowski, M. Couttet, E. Collier, W. Immerzeel, P. Deb, D. Bannister
Sensitivity of simulated summer monsoonal precipitation in Langtang Valley, Himalaya, to cloud microphysics schemes in WRF
published pages: 6298-6318, ISSN: 2169-897X, DOI: 10.1002/2016JD025801
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122/12 2019-07-08
2016 Joseph M. Shea, Walter W. Immerzeel
An assessment of basin-scale glaciological and hydrological sensitivities in the Hindu Kush–Himalaya
published pages: 308-318, ISSN: 0260-3055, DOI: 10.3189/2016AoG71A073
Annals of Glaciology 57/71 2019-07-08
Quantifying volume loss from ice cliffs on debris-covered glaciers using high-resolution terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry
published pages: 684-695, ISSN: 0022-1430, DOI: 10.1017/jog.2016.54
Journal of Glaciology 62/234 2019-07-08
2018 René Reijer Wijngaard, Hester Biemans, Arthur Friedrich Lutz, Arun Bhakta Shrestha, Philippus Wester, Walter Willem Immerzeel
Climate change vs. socio-economic development: understanding the future South Asian water gap
published pages: 6297-6321, ISSN: 1607-7938, DOI: 10.5194/hess-22-6297-2018
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 22/12 2019-04-16
2018 Fanny Brun, Patrick Wagnon, Etienne Berthier, Joseph M. Shea, Walter W. Immerzeel, Philip D. A. Kraaijenbrink, Christian Vincent, Camille Reverchon, Dibas Shrestha, Yves Arnaud
Ice cliff contribution to the tongue-wide ablation of Changri Nup Glacier, Nepal, central Himalaya
published pages: 3439-3457, ISSN: 1994-0424, DOI: 10.5194/tc-12-3439-2018
The Cryosphere 12/11 2019-04-16
2019 Arthur F. Lutz, Herbert W. ter Maat, René R. Wijngaard, Hester Biemans, Abu Syed, Arun B. Shrestha, Philippus Wester, Walter W. Immerzeel
South Asian river basins in a 1.5 °C warmer world
published pages: 833-847, ISSN: 1436-3798, DOI: 10.1007/s10113-018-1433-4
Regional Environmental Change 19/3 2019-04-16
2018 P. N. J. Bonekamp, E. Collier, W. W. Immerzeel
The Impact of Spatial Resolution, Land Use, and Spinup Time on Resolving Spatial Precipitation Patterns in the Himalayas
published pages: 1565-1581, ISSN: 1525-755X, DOI: 10.1175/jhm-d-17-0212.1
Journal of Hydrometeorology 19/10 2019-04-16
2018 Jakob F. Steiner, Maxime Litt, Emmy E. Stigter, Joseph Shea, Marc F. P. Bierkens, Walter W. Immerzeel
The Importance of Turbulent Fluxes in the Surface Energy Balance of a Debris-Covered Glacier in the Himalayas
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-6463, DOI: 10.3389/feart.2018.00144
Frontiers in Earth Science 6 2019-04-16

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