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Evolutionary history and ecological adaptations of ammonia oxidizing Thaumarchaeota.

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 THAUMECOPHYL project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the THAUMECOPHYL project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "THAUMECOPHYL" about.

bioinformatics    scientist    players    questions    taxa    edge    emergence    evolutionary    training    evolve    phylogeny    scenario    ancestral    interdisciplinary    deemed    evolution    metabolic    genomic    career    obtain    biologists    ancestor    give    phylum    ecological    terrestrial    diversified    ammonia    performing    ecology    trained    inferred    environments    gene    global    first    start    oxidation    thaumarchaeota    plan    metabolism    molecular    despite    data    linked    variety    cultivation    sophisticated    genomes    schleper    oxidizing    laboratory    transitions    abundance    archaea    combination    model    minimal    aoa    nature    transfers    gasses    species    greenhouse    origin    cycle    biology    unknown    duplications    nitrogen    occurred    tree    reconstruct    group    losses    metagenomic    marine    events    ways    genomics    prof    experimental    project    clade    skills    physiology    genome    expertise    complete    scientific   

Project "THAUMECOPHYL" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: WIEN
postcode: 1010

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Austria [AT]
 Project website
 Total cost 178˙156 €
 EC max contribution 178˙156 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-04-01   to  2018-03-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITAT WIEN AT (WIEN) coordinator 178˙156.00


 Project objective

Ammonia oxidizing archaea (AOA), a clade of the Thaumarchaeota phylum, diversified in a variety of marine and terrestrial environments. Due to their abundance, AOA are deemed major players in the global cycle of nitrogen. They also produce greenhouse gasses. Despite their ecological importance, the nature and origin of ammonia oxidizing metabolism and the reasons for the ecological success of AOA are still unknown. This project aims at performing the first comprehensive evolutionary and comparative genomic analysis of Thaumarchaeota to identify crucial metabolic and genomic features. Prof. Schleper is a leading scientist in Thaumarchaeota cultivation, genomics and physiology. Metagenomic data produced in her laboratory give now access to genomes of crucial taxa for this project. I will complete these genomes, and analyse all available AOA genomes with a sophisticated model of genome evolution to reconstruct the species tree of Thaumarchaeota and the events (gene duplications, transfers and losses) that occurred along their evolution. The genome of the AOA’s ancestor will be inferred, and the minimal gene set required for ammonia oxidation identified. The sets of evolutionary events and the ancestral genome will be linked to metabolic and ecological transitions to obtain the scenario of ammonia oxidation emergence and of the adaptation of AOA to various environments, thus addressing key questions in the fields of ecology, evolution, and archaea biology. This interdisciplinary project is only possible through the unique combination of my expertise in comparative genomics and molecular phylogeny with the expertise of Prof. Schleper's group, which will result in two-ways transfers of knowledge and skills. Beyond scientific training, I will be trained to project management and project design with experimental biologists. This is crucial for my career, as I plan to start a group at the edge of bioinformatics and experimental biology to study how complex systems evolve.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2016 Kerou M, Offre P, Valledor L, Abby SS, Melcher M, Nagler M, Weckwerth W, Schleper C
Proteomics and comparative genomics of Nitrososphaera viennensis reveal the core genome and adaptations of archaeal ammonia oxidizers
published pages: E7937-E7946, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1601212113
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113(49) 2019-07-26

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