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THE VERBAL APE

The primate precursors of human consonants and vowels

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EC-Contrib. €

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 THE VERBAL APE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the THE VERBAL APE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "THE VERBAL APE" about.

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Project "THE VERBAL APE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS 

Organization address
address: NORTH STREET 66 COLLEGE GATE
city: ST ANDREWS
postcode: KY16 9AJ
website: www.st-andrews.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website https://risweb.st-andrews.ac.uk/portal/en/persons/adriano-reis-e-lameira
 Total cost 195˙454 €
 EC max contribution 195˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-04-01   to  2019-03-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS UK (ST ANDREWS) coordinator 195˙454.00

Map

 Project objective

Speech is a human diagnosing feature but its evolution is problematic. While great apes – our closest relatives – seem incapable of learning to produce new calls, speech is essentially learned anew each generation. Based on the largest call database ever assembled from of any great ape (namely, orangutans) and pioneering empirical tests to be conducted in the wild and captivity, this project envisions addressing the puzzle of speech evolution conclusively. Namely, this project will assess the hypothesis that human consonants and vowels stem from articulatory and acoustic homologues present in great apes – voiceless and voiced calls, respectively. Objective 1 will investigate whether great ape voiceless and voiced calls exhibit different evolutionary trajectories and rates as observed between consonant and vowels in humans. Objective 2 will analyze, via playback experiments in great ape territory, how the evolutionary ecology of human paleoforms affected the use of consonant-like voiceless calls and vowel-like voiced calls, potentially explaining why these two basis linguistic elements started to be combined for the first time in our lineage. Objective 3 is set up to uncover, via human-ape match tests in captivity, the precise range of articulatory control that great apes exert over vocal production, ultimately indicating the sounds that constituted the first words to be uttered by early human ancestors. Altogether, this project brings a new basal pillar into the theoretic edifice of speech evolution and brings the topic back to the forefront of European and worldwide scientific inquiry. The project has gathered the best hosting conditions conceivable within the field of primate cognition research and is to be conducted in the prestigious School of Psychology and Neuroscience of University of St. Andrews, UK, and to be co-supervised by the prominent and prolific authors Prof. Josep Call and Prof. Klaus Zuberbühler.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Adriano R. Lameira
Bidding evidence for primate vocal learning and the cultural substrates for speech evolution
published pages: 429-439, ISSN: 0149-7634, DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.09.021
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 83 2019-09-02
2017 Alexander Nater, Maja P. Mattle-Greminger, Anton Nurcahyo, Matthew G. Nowak, Marc de Manuel, Tariq Desai, Colin Groves, Marc Pybus, Tugce Bilgin Sonay, Christian Roos, Adriano R. Lameira, Serge A. Wich, James Askew, Marina Davila-Ross, Gabriella Fredriksson, Guillem de Valles, Ferran Casals, Javier Prado-Martinez, Benoit Goossens, Ernst J. Verschoor, Kristin S. Warren, Ian Singleton, David A. Marques, Joko Pamungkas, Dyah Perwitasari-Farajallah, Puji Rianti, Augustine Tuuga, Ivo G. Gut, Marta Gut, Pablo Orozco-terWengel, Carel P. van Schaik, Jaume Bertranpetit, Maria Anisimova, Aylwyn Scally, Tomas Marques-Bonet, Erik Meijaard, Michael Krützen
Morphometric, Behavioral, and Genomic Evidence for a New Orangutan Species
published pages: 3487-3498.e10, ISSN: 0960-9822, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.09.047
Current Biology 27/22 2019-09-02
2018 Adriano R. Lameira, Josep Call
Time-space–displaced responses in the orangutan vocal system
published pages: eaau3401, ISSN: 2375-2548, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau3401
Science Advances 4/11 2019-09-02

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