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TransposonsReprogram SIGNED

How retrotransposons remodel the genome during early development and reprogramming

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 TransposonsReprogram project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the TransposonsReprogram project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "TransposonsReprogram" about.

expressed    acting    reprogramming    disruption    recruit    viruses    zfp37    crispr    gene    ask    proteins    repressor    differentiation    platforms    longer    neurons    uncharacterized    scenarios    cas9    largely    structural    finger    integrity    play    remodelled    dominate    understand    themselves    half    implicated    genomes    genes    contexts    assessing    ancient    retain    zfps    transcription    regulate    identification    hypothesize    mechanism    dynamic    serve    rtns    plasticity    active    reprogram    promoter    bind    genome    shown    drive    zinc    employed    vivo    questions    opted    vitro    human    genetic    therapies    escs    data    cells    documented    mammalian    co    developmental    fate    enhancer    engaged    mobile    ours    unravel    remodel    hypothesis    unknown    stably    stem    esc    circuits    sequences    broadly    occupy    function    evolution    embryonic    coevolved    orchestrate    retrotransposons    cell    mouse    zfp819   

Project "TransposonsReprogram" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON 

Organization address
address: GOWER STREET
city: LONDON
postcode: WC1E 6BT
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 1˙499˙055 €
 EC max contribution 1˙499˙055 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-05-01   to  2021-12-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON UK (LONDON) coordinator 1˙499˙055.00

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 Project objective

Retrotransposons (RTNs) are ancient viruses that have stably integrated themselves into mammalian genomes and they now occupy around half of the human or mouse genome. These mobile genetic elements that have coevolved with us drive evolution by creating new genes and plasticity of genomes. Exciting data including ours has shown that even RTNs that are no longer active retain enhancer, promoter or repressor sequences that regulate developmental genes, through largely uncharacterized transcription factors. We have employed CRISPR/Cas9 gene disruption to determine that Zfp37 and Zfp819 bind to and regulate RTNs in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Identification of these zinc finger proteins (ZFPs) now allows us to ask new questions about how RTNs have been co-opted to orchestrate gene circuits in vitro and in vivo. Both these factors have already been implicated to play a role in reprogramming or genome integrity.

We hypothesize that RTNs have been co-opted to remodel the genome by acting as structural platforms that recruit transcription factors like Zfp37 and Zfp819. We will test this hypothesis assessing the role of RTNs and these two ZFPs in three dynamic contexts where the genome is remodelled. These are in ESC differentiation to neurons, in reprogramming and in early mouse development, three scenarios where RTNs have been documented to become expressed and serve an unknown function.

This work will exploit mouse development to unravel the mechanism of how RTNs remodel the genome. It will help us to understand how ZFPs can be engaged to reprogram cells and in stem-cell therapies, and will explain more broadly how RTNs, which dominate our genomes, control cell fate.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Luisa Robbez-Masson, Christopher H.C. Tie, Helen M. Rowe
Cancer cells, on your histone marks, get SETDB1, silence retrotransposons, and go!
published pages: 3429-3431, ISSN: 0021-9525, DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201710068
The Journal of Cell Biology 216/11 2019-08-29
2018 Christopher HC Tie, Liane Fernandes, Lucia Conde, Luisa Robbez‐Masson, Rebecca P Sumner, Tom Peacock, Maria Teresa Rodriguez‐Plata, Greta Mickute, Robert Gifford, Greg J Towers, Javier Herrero, Helen M Rowe
KAP1 regulates endogenous retroviruses in adult human cells and contributes to innate immune control
published pages: e45000, ISSN: 1469-221X, DOI: 10.15252/embr.201745000
EMBO reports 19/10 2019-08-30

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