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Studying, Measuring and Altering Consciousness through information theory in the electrical brain

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "LUMINOUS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 8035

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Spain [ES]
 Project website
 Total cost 3˙925˙588 €
 EC max contribution 3˙925˙588 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.2.1. (FET Open)
 Code Call H2020-FETOPEN-2014-2015-RIA
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-03-01   to  2020-02-29


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    STARLAB BARCELONA SL ES (BARCELONA) coordinator 612˙625.00
4    UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE BE (LIEGE) participant 544˙680.00
8    UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO IT (MILANO) participant 322˙080.00


 Project objective

What is consciousness? Can it be measured? While humankind has struggled with these questions for millennia, our project will focus on more modest but nonetheless ambitious and related goals. Inspired by recent developments in neuroscience and the potential role of fundamental concepts such as information integration and algorithmic complexity, we will study, model, quantify, and alter observable aspects of consciousness. Our vision is that consciousness will someday be electromagnetically measured and altered, and that the associated needed insights will prove crucial to the development cognitive sciences. The conceptual framework of the project rests on information theoretic developments that link consciousness to the amount of information that a physical system can represent and generate as an integrated whole, and from the related idea that consciousness can be quantified by metrics reflecting information processing and representation complexity. Supported by computational neuroscience models, we aim to create non-invasive consciousness-probing technologies integrating electro- and magneto-encephalography, peripheral and non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) with advanced techniques to analyse brain activity – including functional and effective connectivity. Based on the derived brain activity metrics, we will explore intervention, ie the use of NIBS to alter consciousness. To achieve these goals we will pursue computational neuroscience models and human studies – in perception, sleep, anaesthesia, locked-in syndrome, disorders of consciousness, and in utero – supported by machine learning to disentangle the essential aspects of consciousness. The project will also explore the ethical implications of such technologies and the prospects for clinical translation. If successful, this paradigm-shifting work will have profound social and clinical impact and provide key insights in fundamental neuroscience and artificial cognition research.


List of deliverables.
Consciousness: models, metrics and intervention. Issue 1 Documents, reports 2019-05-31 15:05:17
Ethical Advisory Board Documents, reports 2019-05-31 15:05:22
Experimental plans. Issue 1 Documents, reports 2019-05-31 15:05:23
Project website and communication materials Other 2019-05-31 15:05:29
Ethical Requirements. Issue 1 Documents, reports 2019-05-31 15:05:28
Experimental plans. Issue 2 Documents, reports 2019-05-31 15:06:29
Experimental results. Issue 1 Documents, reports 2019-05-31 15:06:38
Ethical Advisory Board Report. Issue 1 Documents, reports 2019-05-31 15:06:24

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of LUMINOUS deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Renzo Comolatti, Andrea Pigorini, Silvia Casarotto, Matteo Fecchio, Guilherme Faria, Simone Sarasso, Mario Rosanova, Olivia Gosseries, Mélanie Boly, Olivier Bodart, Didier Ledoux, Jean-François Brichant, Lino Nobili, Steven Laureys, Giulio Tononi, Marcello Massimini, Adenauer G. Casali
A fast and general method to empirically estimate the complexity of brain responses to transcranial and intracranial stimulations
published pages: 1280-1289, ISSN: 1935-861X, DOI: 10.1016/j.brs.2019.05.013
Brain Stimulation 12/5 2020-04-24
2017 Wannez, Sarah; Heine, Lizette; Thonnard, Marie; Gosseries, Olivia; Laureys, Steven; Coma Science Group Collaborators
The Repetition of Behavioral Assessments in Diagnosis of Disorders of Consciousness
published pages: , ISSN: 1531-8249, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1194509
Annals of Neurology 2 2020-04-24
2019 Demertzi, A.; Tagliazucchi, E.; Dehaene, S.; Deco, G.; Barttfeld, P.; Raimondo, F.; Martial, C.; Fernández-Espejo, D.; Rohaut, B.; Voss, H. U.; Schiff, N. D.; Owen, A. M.; Laureys, S.; Naccache, L.; Sitt, J. D.
Human consciousness is supported by dynamic complex patterns of brain signal coordination
published pages: , ISSN: 2375-2548, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat7603
ISSN: 2375-2548 17 2020-04-24
2019 Siouar Bensaid, Julien Modolo, Isabelle Merlet, Fabrice Wendling, Pascal Benquet
COALIA: A Computational Model of Human EEG for Consciousness Research
published pages: , ISSN: 1662-5137, DOI: 10.3389/fnsys.2019.00059
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 13 2020-04-24
2018 M. Rosanova, M. Fecchio, S. Casarotto, S. Sarasso, A. G. Casali, A. Pigorini, A. Comanducci, F. Seregni, G. Devalle, G. Citerio, O. Bodart, M. Boly, O. Gosseries, S. Laureys, M. Massimini
Sleep-like cortical OFF-periods disrupt causality and complexity in the brain of unresponsive wakefulness syndrome patients
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-06871-1
Nature Communications 9/1 2020-04-24
2019 Rizkallah, Jennifer; Annen, Jitka; Modolo, Julien; Gosseries, Olivia; Benquet, Pascal; Mortaheb, Sepehr; Amoud, Hassan; Cassol, Helena; Mheich, Ahmad; Thibaut, Aurore; Chatelle, Camille; Hassan, Mahmoud; Panda, Rajanikant; Wendling, Fabrice; Laureys, Steven
Decreased integration of EEG source-space networks in disorders of consciousness
published pages: , ISSN: 2213-1582, DOI: 10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101841
\"Neuroimage-Clinical, Elsevier, 2019, 23, pp.101841. ⟨10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101841⟩\" 17 2020-04-24
2018 Aurore Thibaut, Camille Chatelle, Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse, Géraldine Martens, Helena Cassol, Charlotte Martial, Manon Carrière, Alice Barra, Steven Laureys, Olivia Gosseries
Transcranial direct current stimulation unveils covert consciousness
published pages: 642-644, ISSN: 1935-861X, DOI: 10.1016/j.brs.2018.02.002
Brain Stimulation 11/3 2020-04-24
2017 Warnaby, Catherine E.; Sleigh, Jamie W.; Hight, Darren; Jbabdi, Saad; Tracey, Irene
Investigation of Slow Wave Activity Saturation During Surgical Anesthesia Reveals a Signature of Neural Inertia in Humans
published pages: , ISSN: 0003-3022, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1182660
Anesthesiology 127(4) 645-657 12 2020-04-24
2017 Aurore Thibaut, Sarah Wannez, Anne-Francoise Donneau, Camille Chatelle, Olivia Gosseries, Marie-Aurélie Bruno, Steven Laureys
Controlled clinical trial of repeated prefrontal tDCS in patients with chronic minimally conscious state
published pages: 466-474, ISSN: 0269-9052, DOI: 10.1080/02699052.2016.1274776
Brain Injury 31/4 2020-04-24
2017 Zulay Lugo, Fréderic Pellas, Veronique Blandin, Steven Laureys, Olivia Gosseries
Assessment of needs, psychological impact and quality of life in families of patients with locked-in syndrome
published pages: 1590-1596, ISSN: 0269-9052, DOI: 10.1080/02699052.2017.1347277
Brain Injury 31/12 2020-04-24
2018 Tonin, Alessandro; Birbaumer, Niels; Chaudhary, Ujwal
A 20-Questions-Based Binary Spelling Interface for Communication Systems
published pages: , ISSN: 2076-3425, DOI: 10.3390/brainsci8070126
Brain Sciences 9 2020-04-24
2019 Modolo, Julien; Hassan, Mahmoud; Wendling, Fabrice; Benquet, Pascal
Decoding the circuitry of consciousness: from local microcircuits to brain-scale networks
published pages: , ISSN: 2472-1751, DOI:
Network Neuroscience 6 2020-04-24
2017 Giulio Ruffini
An algorithmic information theory of consciousness
published pages: , ISSN: 2057-2107, DOI: 10.1093/nc/nix019
Neuroscience of Consciousness 2017/1 2020-04-24
2017 Martens, Géraldine
tDCS in patients with disorders of consciousness
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
8 2020-04-24
2019 Michele Angelo Colombo, Martino Napolitani, Melanie Boly, Olivia Gosseries, Silvia Casarotto, Mario Rosanova, Jean-Francois Brichant, Pierre Boveroux, Steffen Rex, Steven Laureys, Marcello Massimini, Arturo Chieregato, Simone Sarasso
The spectral exponent of the resting EEG indexes the presence of consciousness during unresponsiveness induced by propofol, xenon, and ketamine
published pages: 631-644, ISSN: 1053-8119, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.01.024
NeuroImage 189 2020-04-24
2018 Olivier Bodart, Enrico Amico, Francisco Gómez, Adenauer G. Casali, Sarah Wannez, Lizette Heine, Aurore Thibaut, Jitka Annen, Melanie Boly, Silvia Casarotto, Mario Rosanova, Marcello Massimini, Steven Laureys, Olivia Gosseries
Global structural integrity and effective connectivity in patients with disorders of consciousness
published pages: 358-365, ISSN: 1935-861X, DOI: 10.1016/j.brs.2017.11.006
Brain Stimulation 11/2 2020-04-24
2019 Barra, Alice; Mortaheb, Sepehr; Carrière, Manon; Martens, Géraldine; Bodien, Yelena; Morales-Quezada, Leon; Fregni, Felipe; Giacino, Joseph; Laureys, Steven; Thibaut, Aurore
Neurophysiological effects and behavioral outcomes after tPCS and tDCS in a patient in minimally conscious state
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
12 2020-04-24
2016 Carlo Cavaliere, Marco Aiello, Carol Di Perri, Enrico Amico, Charlotte Martial, Aurore Thibaut, Steven Laureys, Andrea Soddu
Functional Connectivity Substrates for tDCS Response in Minimally Conscious State Patients
published pages: , ISSN: 1662-5102, DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2016.00257
Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience 10 2020-04-24
2017 Matteo Fecchio, Andrea Pigorini, Angela Comanducci, Simone Sarasso, Silvia Casarotto, Isabella Premoli, Chiara-Camilla Derchi, Alice Mazza, Simone Russo, Federico Resta, Fabio Ferrarelli, Maurizio Mariotti, Ulf Ziemann, Marcello Massimini, Mario Rosanova
The spectral features of EEG responses to transcranial magnetic stimulation of the primary motor cortex depend on the amplitude of the motor evoked potentials
published pages: e0184910, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184910
PLOS ONE 12/9 2020-04-24
2019 Martens, Géraldine; Fregni, Felipe; Carrière, Manon; Barra, Alice; Laureys, Steven; Thibaut, Aurore
Single tDCS session of motor cortex in patients with disorders of consciousness: a pilot study
published pages: , ISSN: 0269-9052, DOI:
Single tDCS session of motor cortex in patients with disorders of consciousness: a pilot study. Brain Injury.London ; New-York, United Kingdom ; NYTaylor and Francis. (2019). 1 2020-04-24
2020 Rizkallah, Jennifer; Amoud, Hassan; Fraschini, Matteo; Wendling, Fabrice; Hassan, Mahmoud
Exploring the Correlation Between M/EEG Source-Space and fMRI Networks at Rest
published pages: , ISSN: 0896-0267, DOI: 10.1007/s10548-020-00753-w
\"Brain Topography: a Journal of Cerebral Function and Dynamics, Springer Verlag, 2020, ⟨10.1007/s10548-020-00753-w⟩\" 6 2020-04-24
2019 Moser, Julia; Bensaid, Siouar; Kroupi, Eleni; Schleger, Franziska; Wendling, Fabrice; Ruffini, Giulio; Preißl, Hubert
Evaluating Complexity of Fetal MEG Signals: A Comparison of Different Metrics and Their Applicability
published pages: , ISSN: 1662-5137, DOI: 10.3389/fnsys.2019.00023/full
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, Vol 13 (2019) 5 2020-04-24
2019 Martens, Géraldine
Treatment options in patients with disorders of consciousness
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10 2020-04-24
2020 Tim Bayne, Anil K. Seth, Marcello Massimini
Are There Islands of Awareness?
published pages: 6-16, ISSN: 0166-2236, DOI: 10.1016/j.tins.2019.11.003
Trends in Neurosciences 43/1 2020-04-24
2017 Chennu, Shrivas; Annen, Jitka; Wannez, Sarah; Chatelle, Camille; Cassol, Helena; Martens, Géraldine; Schnakers, Caroline; Gosseries, Olivia; Menon, David; Laureys, Steven
Brain Networks Predict Metabolism, Diagnosis And Prognosis At The Bedside In Disorders Of Consciousness
published pages: , ISSN: 0006-8950, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1194511
Brain 6 2020-04-24
2017 A. Kabbara, W. EL Falou, M. Khalil, F. Wendling, M. Hassan
The dynamic functional core network of the human brain at rest
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-03420-6
Scientific Reports 7/1 2020-04-24
2018 Wannez, Sarah; Gosseries, Olivia; Azzolini, Deborah; Martial, Charlotte; Cassol, Helena; Aubinet, Charlène; Annen, Jitka; Martens, Géraldine; Bodart, Olivier; Heine, Lizette; Charland-Verville, Vanessa; Thibaut, Aurore; Chatelle, Camille; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey; Demertzi, Athena; Schnakers, Caroline; Donneau, Anne-Françoise; Laureys, Steven
Prevalence Of Coma-Recovery Scale-Revised Signs Of Consciousness In Patients In Minimally Conscious State
published pages: , ISSN: 0960-2011, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1194504
Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 5 2020-04-24
2018 Charlène Aubinet; Lesley Murphy; Mohamed A. Bahri; Stephen K. Larroque; Helena Cassol; Jitka Annen; Manon Carrière; Sarah Wannez; Aurore Thibaut; Steven Laureys; Olivia Gosseries
Brain, Behavior, and Cognitive Interplay in Disorders of Consciousness: A Multiple Case Study
published pages: , ISSN: 1663-4365, DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2018.00665/full
Frontiers in Neurology, Vol 9 (2018) 17 2020-04-24
2018 R.D. Sanders, M.I. Banks, M. Darracq, R. Moran, J. Sleigh, O. Gosseries, V. Bonhomme, J.F. Brichant, M. Rosanova, A. Raz, G. Tononi, M. Massimini, S. Laureys, M. Boly
Propofol-induced unresponsiveness is associated with impaired feedforward connectivity in cortical hierarchy
published pages: 1084-1096, ISSN: 0007-0912, DOI: 10.1016/j.bja.2018.07.006
British Journal of Anaesthesia 121/5 2020-04-24
2017 Enrico Amico, Olivier Bodart, Mario Rosanova, Olivia Gosseries, Lizette Heine, Pieter Van Mierlo, Charlotte Martial, Marcello Massimini, Daniele Marinazzo, Steven Laureys
Tracking Dynamic Interactions Between Structural and Functional Connectivity: A TMS/EEG-dMRI Study
published pages: 84-97, ISSN: 2158-0014, DOI: 10.1089/brain.2016.0462
Brain Connectivity 7/2 2019-05-10
2017 Fatemeh Yavari, Michael Nitsche and Hamed Ekhtiari
Transcranial Electric Stimulation for Precision Medicine: A Spatiomechanistic Framework
published pages: , ISSN: 1662-5161, DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00159
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11:159 2019-05-10
2017 Ujwal Chaudhary, Bin Xia, Stefano Silvoni, Leonardo G. Cohen, Niels Birbaumer
Brain–Computer Interface–Based Communication in the Completely Locked-In State
published pages: , ISSN: 1544-9173, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002593
PLOS Biology 2019-05-10
2016 Lukas Frase, Hannah Piosczyk, Sulamith Zittel, Friederike Jahn, Peter Selhausen, Lukas Krone, Bernd Feige, Florian Mainberger, Jonathan G Maier, Marion Kuhn, Stefan Klöppel, Claus Normann, Annette Sterr, Kai Spiegelhalder, Dieter Riemann, Michael A Nitsche, Christoph Nissen
Modulation of Total Sleep Time by Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS)
published pages: 2577-2586, ISSN: 0893-133X, DOI: 10.1038/npp.2016.65
Neuropsychopharmacology 41/10 2019-05-10
2016 Christof Koch, Marcello Massimini, Melanie Boly, Giulio Tononi
Neural correlates of consciousness: progress and problems
published pages: 307-321, ISSN: 1471-003X, DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.22
Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17/5 2019-05-10
2017 Olivier Bodart, Olivia Gosseries, Sarah Wannez, Aurore Thibaut, Jitka Annen, Melanie Boly, Mario Rosanova, Adenauer G. Casali, Silvia Casarotto, Giulio Tononi, Marcello Massimini, Steven Laureys
Measures of metabolism and complexity in the brain of patients with disorders of consciousness
published pages: , ISSN: 2213-1582, DOI: 10.1016/j.nicl.2017.02.002
Neuroimage: Clinical 2019-05-10
2017 Wangshan Huang, Sarah Wannez, Felipe Fregni, Xiaohua Hu , Shan Jing, Geraldine Martens, Minhui He , Haibo Di, Steven Laureys, Aurore Thibaut
Repeated stimulation of the posterior parietal cortex in patients in minimally conscious state: A sham-controlled randomized clinical trial
published pages: , ISSN: 1935-861X, DOI:
Brain Stimulation 2019-05-10
2016 Ujwal Chaudhary, Niels Birbaumer, Ander Ramos-Murguialday
Brain–computer interfaces for communication and rehabilitation
published pages: 513-525, ISSN: 1759-4758, DOI: 10.1038/nrneurol.2016.113
Nature Reviews Neurology 12/9 2019-05-10
2016 Silvia Casarotto, Angela Comanducci, Mario Rosanova, Simone Sarasso, Matteo Fecchio, Martino Napolitani, Andrea Pigorini, Adenauer G. Casali, Pietro D. Trimarchi, Melanie Boly, Olivia Gosseries, Olivier Bodart, Francesco Curto, Cristina Landi, Maurizio Mariotti, Guya Devalle, Steven Laureys, Giulio Tononi, Marcello Massimini
Stratification of unresponsive patients by an independently validated index of brain complexity
published pages: , ISSN: 1531-8249, DOI: 10.1002/ana.24779
Annals of Neurology 2019-05-10
2016 Jaakko O. Nieminen, Olivia Gosseries, Marcello Massimini, Elyana Saad, Andrew D. Sheldon, Melanie Boly, Francesca Siclari, Bradley R. Postle, Giulio Tononi
Consciousness and cortical responsiveness: a within-state study during non-rapid eye movement sleep
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/srep30932
Scientific Reports 2019-05-10
2016 Ranganatha Sitaram, Tomas Ros, Luke Stoeckel, Sven Haller, Frank Scharnowski, Jarrod Lewis-Peacock, Nikolaus Weiskopf, Maria Laura Blefari, Mohit Rana, Ethan Oblak, Niels Birbaumer, James Sulzer
Closed-loop brain training: the science of neurofeedback
published pages: 86-100, ISSN: 1471-003X, DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.164
Nature Reviews Neuroscience 18/2 2019-05-10
2017 A. Antal, I. Alekseichuk, M. Bikson, J. Brockmöller, A.R. Brunoni, R. Chen, L.G. Cohen, G. Dowthwaite, J. Ellrich, A. Flöel, F. Fregni, M.S. George, R. Hamilton, J. Haueisen, C.S. Herrmann, F.C. Hummel, J.P. Lefaucheur, D. Liebetanz, C.K. Loo, C.D. McCaig, C. Miniussi, P.C. Miranda, V. Moliadze, M.A. Nitsche, R. Nowak, F. Padberg, A. Pascual-Leone, W. Poppendieck, A. Priori, S. Rossi, P.M. Rossini, J. Rothwell, M.A. Rueger, G. Ruffini, K. Schellhorn, H.R. Siebner, Y. Ugawa, A. Wexler, U. Ziemann, M. Hallett, W. Paulus
Low intensity transcranial electric stimulation: Safety, ethical, legal regulatory and application guidelines
published pages: 1774-1809, ISSN: 1388-2457, DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2017.06.001
Clinical Neurophysiology 128/9 2019-05-10
2018 Andrés Molero-Chamizo, José R. Alameda Bailén, Tamara Garrido Béjar, Macarena García López, Inmaculada Jaén Rodríguez, Carolina Gutiérrez Lérida, Silvia Pérez Panal, Gloria González Ángel, Laura Lemus Corchero, María J. Ruiz Vega, Michael A. Nitsche, Guadalupe N. Rivera-Urbina
Poststimulation time interval-dependent effects of motor cortex anodal tDCS on reaction-time task performance
published pages: 167-175, ISSN: 1530-7026, DOI: 10.3758/s13415-018-0561-0
Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience 18/1 2019-05-10
2018 Rafael Polanía, Michael A. Nitsche, Christian C. Ruff
Studying and modifying brain function with non-invasive brain stimulation
published pages: 174-187, ISSN: 1097-6256, DOI: 10.1038/s41593-017-0054-4
Nature Neuroscience 21/2 2019-05-10
2018 Fatemeh Yavari, Asif Jamil, Mohsen Mosayebi Samani, Liliane Pinto Vidor, Michael A. Nitsche
Basic and functional effects of transcranial Electrical Stimulation (tES)—An introduction
published pages: 81-92, ISSN: 0149-7634, DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.06.015
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 85 2019-05-10
2017 Min-Fang Kuo, Po-See Chen, Michael A. Nitsche
The application of tDCS for the treatment of psychiatric diseases
published pages: 146-167, ISSN: 0954-0261, DOI: 10.1080/09540261.2017.1286299
International Review of Psychiatry 29/2 2019-05-10
2017 Asif Jamil, Michael A. Nitsche
What Effect Does tDCS Have on the Brain? Basic Physiology of tDCS
published pages: 331-340, ISSN: 2196-2979, DOI: 10.1007/s40473-017-0134-5
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports 4/4 2019-05-10

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