Opendata, web and dolomites


Evolution of the Ape Forelimb: Evidence from Internal Bone Structure

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "MOSAIC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: CT2 7NZ

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 195˙454 €
 EC max contribution 195˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-06-01   to  2019-10-29


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF KENT UK (CANTERBURY, KENT) coordinator 195˙454.00


 Project objective

'Understanding the locomotor behaviour of our Miocene ape ancestors is critical to reconstructing the evolution of walking on two feet, or bipedalism. The Miocene (20-5 million years ago (Ma)) epoch is crucial because it is during this period that the morphological features of living great apes, including humans, were defined. In this respect, Miocene apes show unique morphological combinations that are unlike any living primate, known as 'mosaic morphologies', which include derived (ape-like) and primitive (generalised) features more suitable to provide a model from which bipedal fossil humans (hominins) – our direct ancestors – might have evolved. This project uses novel 3D methods (microCT scans and imaging sotfware) to conduct the first holistic analysis of the internal structure of Miocene ape forelimb bones. Bone remodels throughout life in response to load; variation in internal structure thus correlates with forelimb use and offers a more direct window into behaviour than external morphology alone. The bony joints of the forelimb on an array of extant Primate species, including apes and monkeys, will be analysed, shedding new light on Miocene ape locomotion, the evolution of living apes and the emergence of human bipedalism.'


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Julia Arias-Martorell
The morphology and evolutionary history of the glenohumeral joint of hominoids: A review
published pages: 703-722, ISSN: 2045-7758, DOI: 10.1002/ece3.4392
Ecology and Evolution 9/1 2020-03-03
2018 J. M. Potau, J. Arias-Martorell, G. Bello-Hellegouarch, A. Casado, J. F. Pastor, F. de Paz, R. Diogo
Inter- and Intraspecific Variations in the Pectoral Muscles of Common Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) , Bonobos (Pan paniscus) , and Humans (Homo sapiens)
published pages: 1-12, ISSN: 2314-6133, DOI: 10.1155/2018/9404508​
BioMed Research International 2018 2020-03-03

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The information about "MOSAIC" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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