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SINCHAIS SIGNED

In situ analysis of single channel subunit composition in neurons: physiological implication in synaptic plasticity and behavior

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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 SINCHAIS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the SINCHAIS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "SINCHAIS" about.

protein    intact    contributes    channels    composition    course    behavioural    currents    glutamate    views    optogenetic    sites    detection    little    implications    visualize    em    transforming    regulation    electron    ligand    synaptic    replica    genetic    triggers    brain    postsynaptic    mice    tags    receptors    stimulation    plasticity    resolution    compositions    technologies    property    animal    neurons    synapses    single    molecules    subunit    dynamic    efficacy    examine    situ    tissues    nmda    manipulation    plastic    electrophysiological    unprecedented    potentiation    respectively    activation    time    release    freeze    chemical    individual    microscopy    gated    coupling    labelling    location    signals    functions    diversity    paradigms    effectors    insights    combined    biochemical    combining    fracture    calcium    inward    voltage    tomography    depression    elicits    electrical    interaction    vesicle    ones    connections    physiological    ampa    channel    subunits    excitatory    presynaptic    lack    alteration    trafficking   

Project "SINCHAIS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AUSTRIA 

Organization address
address: Am Campus 1
city: KLOSTERNEUBURG
postcode: 3400
website: www.ist.ac.at

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Austria [AT]
 Project website https://ist.ac.at/research/research-groups/shigemoto-group/erc-advanced-grant/
 Total cost 2˙481˙437 €
 EC max contribution 2˙481˙437 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-AdG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-07-01   to  2021-06-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AUSTRIA AT (KLOSTERNEUBURG) coordinator 2˙481˙437.00

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 Project objective

Ligand-gated and voltage-gated channels are key molecules in transforming chemical signals into electrical ones and electrical signals into chemical ones, respectively. At excitatory synaptic connections in the brain, activation of AMPA- and NMDA-type glutamate receptors elicits inward currents at the postsynaptic sites, and activation of voltage-gated calcium channels triggers vesicle release of glutamate in the presynaptic sites. Plastic changes in their number, location and property can lead to potentiation or depression of synaptic efficacy, alteration in time course, and coupling to effectors at both postsynaptic and presynaptic sites. These channels are all composed of distinct subunits and their compositions affect channel properties, trafficking to the synaptic sites, and interaction with associated molecules, creating a large diversity of synaptic functions. Although channels with different subunit compositions have been investigated using biochemical and electrophysiological detection methods, very little is known about single channel subunit composition in situ because of the lack of high resolution methods for analysis of protein complex in intact tissues. In this project, I will develop novel technologies to visualize subunit composition at the single channel level in individual synapses by electron microscopy, combining new EM tags, freeze-fracture replica labelling, and electron tomography. Synaptic plasticity will be induced by optogenetic stimulation of identified neurons or behavioural paradigms to examine the dynamic changes of subunit composition. Finally, physiological implications of such regulation of subunit composition will be investigated by genetic manipulation of mice combined with electrophysiological and behavioural analyses. This work will demonstrate unprecedented views of the subunit composition in situ and provide new insights into how regulation of subunit composition contributes to synaptic plasticity and animal behaviour.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Shigekazu Tabata, Marijo Jevtic, Nobutaka Kurashige, Hirokazu Fuchida, Munetsugu Kido, Kazushi Tani, Naoki Zenmyo, Shohei Uchinomiya, Harumi Harada, Makoto Itakura, Itaru Hamachi, Ryuichi Shigemoto, Akio Ojida
Electron Microscopic Detection of Single Membrane Proteins by a Specific Chemical Labeling
published pages: , ISSN: 2589-0042, DOI: 10.1016/j.isci.2019.11.025
iScience 2020-03-20

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