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SCALE SIGNED

Production of Scandium compounds and Scandium Aluminum alloys from European metallurgical by- products

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 SCALE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the SCALE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "SCALE" about.

sc    academic    innovative    wastes    industrial    covers    entire    found    home    zirconia    contain    deploying    producing    takes    records    engineering    cells    dry    industrially    asia    stabilized    airbus    dilute    pigment    residues    tio2    strength    imports    vi    10    oxides    metals    concentrations    sustainably    scalmalloy    technologies    valued    acid    lower    table    innovations    starting    layer    mediums    fact    base    economically    exploitable    aerospace    usually    affilips    electrolyte    br    printing    secure    3d    track    grouped    tons    fuel    extracts    annual    alumina    yttrium    finishing    solid    bauxite    kbm    alloys    pure    scarcity    place    russia    reg    raw    ree    lt    supply    rees    chain    shares    upgrade    energy    develops    companies    lack    rtd    scandium    highest    million    aog    industries    demonstrates    mg    institutes    tech    periodic    residue    extraction    limited    aluminum    material    scandia    extract    basis    oxide    technological   

Project "SCALE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
MYTILINAIOS ANONIMI ETAIREIA 

There are not information about this coordinator. Please contact Fabio for more information, thanks.

 Coordinator Country Greece [EL]
 Project website http://scale-project.eu/
 Total cost 7˙706˙625 €
 EC max contribution 7˙000˙000 € (91%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.3.5.3. (Ensuring the sustainable supply of non-energy and non-agricultural raw materials)
 Code Call H2020-SC5-2016-OneStageB
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-12-01   to  2020-11-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    MYTILINAIOS ANONIMI ETAIREIA EL (MAROUSSI) coordinator 1˙000˙750.00
2    ALOUMINION TIS ELLADOS VIOMICHANIKI KAI EMPORIKI ANONYMOS ETAIREIA VEAE EL (MAROUSI) coordinator 0.00
3    NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS - NTUA EL (ATHINA) participant 761˙000.00
4    II-VI GMBH DE (WEITERSTADT) participant 737˙500.00
5    MEAB CHEMIE TECHNIK GMBH DE (AACHEN) participant 721˙500.00
6    ITRB LTD CY (LEFKOSIA) participant 559˙375.00
7    RHEINISCH-WESTFAELISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE AACHEN DE (AACHEN) participant 516˙875.00
8    SINTEF AS NO (TRONDHEIM) participant 385˙826.00
9    KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN SE (STOCKHOLM) participant 383˙125.00
10    BUNDESANSTALT FUER MATERIALFORSCHUNG UND -PRUEFUNG DE (BERLIN) participant 303˙125.00
11    FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V. DE (MUNCHEN) participant 301˙250.00
12    WAVESTONE LUXEMBOURG SA LU (LEUDELANGE) participant 255˙000.00
13    IOLITEC IONIC LIQUIDS TECHNOLOGIES GMBH DE (HEILBRONN) participant 225˙000.00
14    KBM MASTER ALLOYS BV NL (FARMSUM) participant 209˙250.00
15    BUDAPESTI MUSZAKI ES GAZDASAGTUDOMANYI EGYETEM HU (BUDAPEST) participant 200˙000.00
16    LESS COMMON METALS LIMITED UK (ELLESMERE PORT) participant 137˙500.00
17    STIFTELSEN SINTEF NO (TRONDHEIM) participant 131˙673.00
18    ALUMINIUM OXID STADE, GESELLSCHAFTMIT BESCHRANKTER HAFTUNG DE (STADE) participant 101˙250.00
19    TRONOX PIGMENTS (HOLLAND) BV NL (ROTTERDAM) participant 70˙000.00
20    FACHHOCHSCHULE NORDWESTSCHWEIZ CH (WINDISCH) participant 0.00

Map

 Project objective

Scandium (Sc) is one of the highest valued elements in the periodic table and an element which is usually grouped in REEs as it shares many characteristics with Yttrium. Scandium technological applications are unique, as it is a key component in producing Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (Scandia-Stabilized-Zirconia solid electrolyte layer) or high strength Aluminum alloys used in aerospace and 3D printing applications (SCALMALLOY®). Yet Scandium supply is limited due to its scarcity and the high cost of its production, which currently takes place in Asia and Russia. Europe has no production of Scandium, but is home to many Sc industrial end-users (Airbus, II-VI, KBM Affilips and others). In fact end-users like Airbus, are not deploying their Sc applications due to the lack of a secure Sc supply. The SCALE project sets about to develop and secure a European Sc supply chain through the development of technological innovations which will allow the extraction of Sc from European industrial residues. Bauxite Residues from alumina production (5 Million tons on dry basis per year in Europe) and acid wastes from TiO2 pigment production (1.4 Million tons on dry basis per year in Europe) have Sc concentrations which are considered exploitable, given a viable extraction technology. SCALE develops and demonstrates the value chain starting from residue and finishing to high tech end-product. In more detail: • SCALE develops innovative technologies that can extract economically and sustainably Sc from dilute mediums (<100 mg/L) and upgrade them to pure oxides, metals and alloys at lower energy or material cost. • SCALE extracts along with Sc all other REEs found in the by-products (AoG’s BR on an annual base contain 10% of the European REE raw material imports) The industrially driven SCALE consortium covers the entire Sc value chain with 7 major European industries and further features 8 academic and research institutes and 4 engineering companies with track records in RTD.

 Deliverables

List of deliverables.
Roadmap for a European Sc industry Documents, reports 2020-04-16 15:10:24
Publishable report on low temperature Sc and Al-Sc alloy production methods Documents, reports 2020-04-16 15:09:20
Publishable report on cacliothermic Sc and Al-Sc alloy production methods Documents, reports 2020-04-16 15:09:12
Optimum processing flow sheets for Sc extraction from TiO2 industrial by-products Documents, reports 2020-04-16 15:10:46
Optimum processing flow sheets for selective Sc leaching from BR Documents, reports 2020-04-16 15:10:39
ERES 2020 Conference organization Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2020-04-16 15:10:31
European inventory of Sc containing by-products Documents, reports 2020-04-16 15:09:28
Environmental, health and safety controls that should be taken into account in SCALE technology development Documents, reports 2020-04-09 10:49:41
Data Management Plan Open Research Data Pilot 2020-04-09 10:49:41
Communication Plan Documents, reports 2020-04-09 10:49:41
SCALE website, logo and dissemination kit Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2020-04-09 10:49:41

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of SCALE deliverables.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Maria Ochsenkuehn-Petropoulou; Lamprini-Areti Tsakanika; Theopisti Lymperopoulou; Klaus-Michael Ochsenkuehn; Konstantinos Hatzilyberis; Paraskevas Georgiou; Chrysanthos Stergiopoulos; Olga Serifi; Fotis Tsopelas
Efficiency of Sulfuric Acid on Selective Scandium Leachability from Bauxite Residue
published pages: 915, ISSN: 2075-4701, DOI: 10.20944/PREPRINTS201810.0063.V1
Metals 2018 1 2020-04-09
2017 Remmen, K. ; Schäfer, R.; Hengevoss, D.; Hugi, C.; Wintgens, T.; Lenz, M.
Selective CRM recovery from acidic solutions by nanofiltration/liquid-liquid extraction.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Rocco Lagioia; Efthymios Balomenos ; Christina Dalla
Project SCALE Infographic Poster
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Efthymios Balomenos
From metallurgical by-products to Scandium-Aluminium alloys and Scandium compounds
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Efthymios Balomenos
The SCALE Project
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Efthymios Balomenos
+++++
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Remmen, K., Schäfer, R., Wintgens, T., Lenz, M., Wessling, M.
Layer-by-layer membrane modification for critical raw material recovery from acidic solutions.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Panagiotis Davris, Efthymios Balomenos, Dimitrios Panias and Ioannis Paspaliaris
Current Trends on Scandium Hydrometallurgical Extraction from Bauxite Residue.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Rocco Lagioia
+++
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Efthymios Balomenos
____
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 B. Yagmurlu, C. Dittrich
SCALE: An Emerging Project for European Scandium Supply
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Efthymios Balomenos
Bauxite Residue Handling Practice and Valorisation research in Aluminium of Greece
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Ana Maria Martinez, Karen Sende Osen, Henrik Gudbrandsen, Camilla Sommerseth, Zhaohui Wang, Ove Darell
Direct Method for Producing Scandium Metal and Scandium-Aluminium Intermetallic Compounds from the Oxides
published pages: 1559-1564, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-72284-9_203
2020-04-09
2017 Ujaczki, É, Zimmermann, Y.S, Gasser, C.A., Molnár, M., Feigl, V., Lenz, M.
Systematic approach to harness the potential of CRM secondary sources on the example of red mud
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Vaszita, E.
Production of Scandium compounds and Scandium Aluminum alloys from European metallurgical by-products, Horizon 2020 project
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 E. M. Peters, C. Dittrich, S. Kaya, K. Forsberg
Crystallization of a Pure Scandium Phase from Solvent Extraction Strip Liquors
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Hatzilyberis, K.; Lymperopoulou, Th.; Tsakanika, L.-A.; Ochsenkühn, K.; Georgiou, P.; Ochsenkühn-Petropoulou, M.;
Design Aspects of a Selective Leaching Process for Scandium Recovery from Bauxite Residue.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
65535 Panagiotis Davris, Danai Marinos, Efthymios Balomenos, Dimitrios Panias and Ioannis Paspaliaris
Hydrometallurgical extraction of Scandium from Bauxite residue based on sulfuric acid process
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Ujaczki, É, Zimmermann, Y.S, Gasser, C.A., Molnár, M., Feigl, V., Lenz, M.
Potential for critical raw materials recovery from Hungarian red mud
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Rocco Lagioia
___
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Feigl, V., Ujaczki, É, Farkas, E., Hengevoss, D., Lenz, M.
Deliverable D5.1Environmental, health and safety controls that should be taken into account in SCALE technology development
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Éva Ujaczki, Viktória Feigl, Mónika Molnár, Patricia Cusack, Teresa Curtin, Ronan Courtney, Lisa O\'Donoghue, Panagiotis Davris, Christoph Hugi, Michael W.H. Evangelou, Efthymios Balomenos, Markus Lenz
Re-using bauxite residues: benefits beyond (critical raw) material recovery
published pages: , ISSN: 0268-2575, DOI: 10.1002/jctb.5687
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology 2020-04-09
2017 Christian Adam, Oliver Krüger
Challenges in analysing rare earth elements in different waste matrices to determine recovery potentials
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Efthymios Balomenos
Project SCALE (Scale Infographic Banner)
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Marie Hoffmann, Christian Adam
Recovery potential of Scandium and other critical raw materials from European industrial by-products
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 B. Yagmurlu, C. Dittrich, B. Friedrich
Selectivity Improvement in Extraction of Scandium from Bauxite Residue by Blending Organics
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Ochsenkühn-Petropoulou, M.; Lymperopoulou, Th.; Tsakanika, L.-A.; Ochsenkühn, K.; Hatzilyberis, K.; Georgiou, P.; Stergiopoulos, Chr.; Tsopelas, F.
Mineral Acid Leaching of Scandium from Bauxite Residue
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Marie Hoffmann, Christian Adam
SCALE-Scandium and Scandium-Aluminium alloy production from European metallurgical by-products (Poster)
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Konstantinos Hatzilyberis, Theopisti Lymperopoulou, Lamprini-Areti Tsakanika, Klaus-Michael Ochsenkühn, Paraskevas Georgiou, Nikolaos Defteraios, Fotios Tsopelas, Maria Ochsenkühn-Petropoulou
Process Design Aspects for Scandium-Selective Leaching of Bauxite Residue with Sulfuric Acid
published pages: 79, ISSN: 2075-163X, DOI: 10.3390/min8030079
Minerals 8/3 2020-04-09
2018 Rocco Lagioia
---
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Panagiotis Davris, Efthymios Balomenos, Dimitrios Panias and Ioannis Paspaliaris
Developing new process for selective extraction of rare earth elements from Bauxite residue based on functionalized ionic liquids
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Feigl, V., Ujaczki, E., Fekete-Kertész, I., Vaszita, E., Molnár, M.
SCALE - Scandium Aluminium Europe: Environmental information on scandium containing wastes
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Ujaczki, É, Zimmermann, Y.S, Gasser, C.A., Molnár, M., Feigl, V., Lenz, M.
Potential for critical raw materials (bio)recovery from Hungarian red mud
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 Carly Mattefs; Efthymios Balomenos; Rocco Lagioia
Social Acceptance License to Operate
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Ochsenkühn-Petropoulou, M.; Lymperopoulou, Th. Tsakanika, L.-A.; Ochsenkühn, K.;
Optimization of Mineral Acids Leaching Process for the Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Greek Red Mud
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Feigl, V.
Production of Scandium compounds and Scandium Aluminum alloys from European metallurgical by-products, Horizon 2020 project
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2017 Feigl, V., Ujaczki, E., Farkas, E., Molnar, M., Lenz, M
Re-usability of critical raw materials recovery residues from Hungarian red mud
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09
2018 E. M. Peters, C. Dittrich, S. Kaya, K. Forsberg
Recovery of Scandium by Crystallization Techniques
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020-04-09

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