Opendata, web and dolomites


deTeRmine the trUe dEpth of DeEp subduction from PiezobaromeTry on Host –inclusions Systems

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 TRUE DEPTHS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the TRUE DEPTHS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "TRUE DEPTHS" about.

stress    domains    mountain    recorded    geophysical    convergent    surface    elastic    depths    events    primary    return    temperature    earthquakes    data    deep    crustal    requiring    carefully    release    transport    time    below    back    indicate    equilibria    pressure    mineral    gpa    theory    plate    inclusion    rocks    exhumation    force    thousands    km    subducted    attending    lithosphere    rates    challenged    earth    diffraction    samples    mechanisms    catastrophic    static    history    kilometers    histories    zones    volcanism    exhumed    material    ultra    seismic    inside    located    true    ray    interactions    pressures    alternatively    thermo    quantitative    vigorous    snapshots    coastal    barometry    styles    explosive    conventional    uniquely    stresses    geological    subsequently    linear    tectonic    minerals    overpressurized    earthquake    metamorphic    trapped    downwards    severely    margins    host    deviatoric    uhpm    tectonically    terraines    excess    subduction    thickened    elasticity    driving    constraints    anisotropic   

Project "TRUE DEPTHS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: STRADA NUOVA 65
city: PAVIA
postcode: 27100

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Italy [IT]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙697˙500 €
 EC max contribution 1˙697˙500 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-06-01   to  2022-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PAVIA IT (PAVIA) coordinator 1˙697˙500.00


 Project objective

Subduction of one tectonic plate below another is the primary cause of catastrophic geological events such as earthquakes and explosive volcanism that directly impact thousands of kilometers of coastal and mountain areas located on convergent margins. Real-time geophysical or seismic data only provide static snapshots of these subduction zones today. Therefore, quantitative understanding of the rates and true depths of subduction can only be achieved by determining the pressure-temperature-time-depth histories of Ultra-High-Pressure Metamorphic (UHPM) rocks that have been subducted to pressures greater than 3 GPa and subsequently exhumed. Conventional mineral thermo-barometry is severely challenged in UHPM terraines and thus the mechanisms attending the downwards transport of crustal material, and its return back to the Earth’s surface (exhumation), are still a matter of vigorous debate. The TRUE DEPTHS project will develop X-ray diffraction analysis of the anisotropic elastic interactions of inclusion minerals trapped inside host minerals. I will develop non-linear elasticity theory to provide a method that will be uniquely able to determine whether significant deviatoric stresses are recorded by UHPM rocks. By applying this method to samples from carefully selected field areas, I will be able to determine if metamorphic phase equilibria represent the true depths of UHPM, in which case subduction to depths in excess of 90 km must occur. Alternatively, quantitative measurements of large deviatoric stresses could indicate that tectonic over-pressure can account for the observed phase equilibria, thus not requiring deep subduction. If overpressurized domains are present in tectonically thickened lithosphere, they may represent a driving force for stress release leading to earthquakes. The results will provide new constraints on earthquake triggering mechanisms and how the styles of subduction and its detailed mechanisms have evolved over Earth’s history.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Ross J. Angel, Francesca Miozzi, Matteo Alvaro
Limits to the Validity of Thermal-Pressure Equations of State
published pages: 562, ISSN: 2075-163X, DOI: 10.3390/min9090562
Minerals 9/9 2020-01-29
2019 Gabriele Zaffiro, Ross J. Angel, Matteo Alvaro
Constraints on the Equations of State of stiff anisotropic minerals: rutile, and the implications for rutile elastic barometry
published pages: 339-347, ISSN: 0026-461X, DOI: 10.1180/mgm.2019.24
Mineralogical Magazine 83/03 2020-01-29
2019 Mara Murri, Maria C. Domeneghetti, Anna M. Fioretti, Fabrizio Nestola, Francesco Vetere, Diego Perugini, Alessandro Pisello, Manuele Faccenda, Matteo Alvaro
Cooling history and emplacement of a pyroxenitic lava as proxy for understanding Martian lava flows
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-53142-0
Scientific Reports 9/1 2020-01-29
2019 Mattia Bonazzi, Simone Tumiati, Jay B. Thomas, Ross J. Angel, Matteo Alvaro
Assessment of the reliability of elastic geobarometry with quartz inclusions
published pages: 105201, ISSN: 0024-4937, DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2019.105201
Lithos 350-351 2020-01-29
2019 M. Alvaro, M.L. Mazzucchelli, R.J. Angel, M. Murri, N. Campomenosi, M. Scambelluri, F. Nestola, A. Korsakov, A.A. Tomilenko, F. Marone, M. Morana
Fossil subduction recorded by quartz from the coesite stability field
published pages: 24-28, ISSN: 0091-7613, DOI: 10.1130/g46617.1
Geology 48/1 2020-01-29
2019 M.L. Mazzucchelli, A. Reali, S. Morganti, R.J. Angel, M. Alvaro
Elastic geobarometry for anisotropic inclusions in cubic hosts
published pages: 105218, ISSN: 0024-4937, DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2019.105218
Lithos 350-351 2020-01-29
2019 Paolo Nimis, Ross J. Angel, Matteo Alvaro, Fabrizio Nestola, Jeff W. Harris, Nicola Casati, Federica Marone
Crystallographic orientations of magnesiochromite inclusions in diamonds: what do they tell us?
published pages: , ISSN: 0010-7999, DOI: 10.1007/s00410-019-1559-5
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 174/4 2020-01-29
2019 Martha G. Pamato, Fabrizio Nestola, Davide Novella, Joseph R. Smyth, Daria Pasqual, G. Diego Gatta, Matteo Alvaro, Luciano Secco
The High-Pressure Structural Evolution of Olivine along the Forsterite–Fayalite Join
published pages: 790, ISSN: 2075-163X, DOI: 10.3390/min9120790
Minerals 9/12 2020-01-29
2019 Claudia Stangarone, Ross J. Angel, Mauro Prencipe, Nicola Campomenosi, Boriana Mihailova, Matteo Alvaro
Measurement of strains in zircon inclusions by Raman spectroscopy
published pages: 685-694, ISSN: 0935-1221, DOI: 10.1127/ejm/2019/0031-2851
European Journal of Mineralogy 31/4 2020-01-29
2019 Mara Murri, Rachael L. Smith, Kit McColl, Martin Hart, Matteo Alvaro, Adrian P. Jones, Péter Németh, Christoph G. Salzmann, Furio Corà, Maria C. Domeneghetti, Fabrizio Nestola, Nikolay V. Sobolev, Sergey A. Vishnevsky, Alla M. Logvinova, Paul F. McMillan
Quantifying hexagonal stacking in diamond
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-46556-3
Scientific Reports 9/1 2020-01-29
2018 F. Nestola, M. Prencipe, P. Nimis, N. Sgreva, S. H. Perritt, I. L. Chinn, G. Zaffiro
Toward a Robust Elastic Geobarometry of Kyanite Inclusions in Eclogitic Diamonds
published pages: , ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1029/2018JB016012
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 2019-04-18
2018 Nicola Campomenosi, Mattia L. Mazzucchelli, Boriana Mihailova, Marco Scambelluri, Ross J. Angel, Fabrizio Nestola, Alessandro Reali, Matteo Alvaro
How geometry and anisotropy affect residual strain in host-inclusion systems: Coupling experimental and numerical approaches
published pages: 2032-2035, ISSN: 0003-004X, DOI: 10.2138/am-2018-6700ccby
American Mineralogist 103/12 2019-04-18
2018 Mara Murri, mattia L. Mazzucchelli, Nicola Campomenosi, Andrey Korsakov, Mauro Prencipe, Boriana D. Mihailova, Marco Scambelluri, Ross J. Angel, Matteo Alvaro
Raman Elastic Geobarometry For Anisotropic Mineral Inclusions
published pages: , ISSN: 0003-004X, DOI: 10.2138/am-2018-6625CCBY
American Mineralogist 2019-04-18
2018 Ross J. Angel, Mara Murri, Boriana Mihailova, Matteo Alvaro
Stress, strain and Raman shifts
published pages: , ISSN: 2196-7105, DOI: 10.1515/zkri-2018-2112
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials 0/0 2019-04-18
2018 F. Nestola, N. Korolev, M. Kopylova, N. Rotiroti, D. G. Pearson, M. G. Pamato, M. Alvaro, L. Peruzzo, J. J. Gurney, A. E. Moore, J. Davidson
CaSiO3 perovskite in diamond indicates the recycling of oceanic crust into the lower mantle
published pages: 237-241, ISSN: 0028-0836, DOI: 10.1038/nature25972
Nature 555/7695 2019-04-18
2018 Silvio Ferrero, Ross J Angel
Micropetrology: Are Inclusions Grains of Truth?
published pages: , ISSN: 0022-3530, DOI: 10.1093/petrology/egy075
Journal of Petrology 2019-04-16
2018 Chiara Anzolini, Mauro Prencipe, Matteo Alvaro, Claudia Romano, Alessandro Vona, Sofia Lorenzon, Evan M. Smith, Frank E. Brenker, Fabrizio Nestola
Depth of formation of super-deep diamonds: Raman barometry of CaSiO3-walstromite inclusions
published pages: 69-74, ISSN: 0003-004X, DOI: 10.2138/am-2018-6184
American Mineralogist 103/1 2019-04-16
2018 M. Murri, F. Cámara, J. Adam, M.C. Domeneghetti, M. Alvaro
Intracrystalline “geothermometry” assessed on clino and orthopyroxene bearing synthetic rocks
published pages: 133-142, ISSN: 0016-7037, DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2018.02.010
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 227 2019-04-16
2018 Felipe A. Pina Binvignat, Thomas Malcherek, Ross J. Angel, Carsten Paulmann, Jochen Schlüter, Boriana Mihailova
Radiation-damaged zircon under high pressures
published pages: , ISSN: 0342-1791, DOI: 10.1007/s00269-018-0978-6
Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 2019-04-16
2018 M.L. Mazzucchelli, P. Burnley, R.J. Angel, S. Morganti, M.C. Domeneghetti, F. Nestola, M. Alvaro
Elastic geothermobarometry: Corrections for the geometry of the host-inclusion system
published pages: 231-234, ISSN: 0091-7613, DOI: 10.1130/G39807.1
Geology 46/3 2019-04-16
2019 M. Murri, M. Alvaro, R. J. Angel, M. Prencipe, B. D. Mihailova
The effects of non-hydrostatic stress on the structure and properties of alpha-quartz
published pages: , ISSN: 0342-1791, DOI: 10.1007/s00269-018-01018-6
Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 2019-02-25

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