Opendata, web and dolomites


Exact Chronology of Early Societies

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 ECHOES project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the ECHOES project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "ECHOES" about.

lattice    artefacts    emerged    synchronous    papyrus    calendrical    ad    never    chronology    post    matching    enriched    solar    ring    mid    levels    clear    1st    wood    century    social    columbian    archives    myriad    cultural    concentration    record    technique    clarity    scientific    historians    exactly    initiated    counterparts    ancient    millennia    mandela    though    history    easily    frame    hemispheres    resolution    bc    atmospheric    strike    echoes    lay    concentrations    eastern    plants    dated    plant    modern    societies    exist    fashioned    montgomery    bus    documents    indistinguishable    uplifts    material    exact    none    radiocarbon    incomprehensible    fixed    extends    chronological    items    sudden    back    western    time    enrichments    worse    events    society    wars    globally    fundamental    foundations    absorbed    tree    20th    millennium    world    previously    pioneers    ideas    release    connections    situation    fossil    first    crucially    contemporary    flow    date    precision    secure   

Project "ECHOES" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: Broerstraat 5
postcode: 9712CP

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙494˙040 €
 EC max contribution 1˙494˙040 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-02-01   to  2022-01-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Chronology is fundamental to all study of the past. Social and cultural change is incomprehensible without clear information on the ordering and duration of events. However, the exact chronology of the Old World only extends as far back as the mid-1st millennium BC, even though state-level societies in both the Western and the Eastern Hemispheres emerged several millennia before this time. In the New World, the situation is even worse, with none of the pre-Columbian societies currently fixed in calendrical time. No scientific method has so far been able to provide historians of early society with the levels of precision considered essential by their modern counterparts. Indeed, if the 20th century AD were dated at the same resolution as the 20th century BC, the two World Wars would be indistinguishable in time; and the Montgomery Bus Strike might post-date the release of Mandela. ECHOES pioneers the first technique capable of providing ancient history with the same clarity as modern history. The new approach is based on past solar events that initiated sudden increases in the atmospheric concentration of radiocarbon. The enriched concentrations would have been absorbed by all growing plants at the time. Crucially, fossil wood archives already exist in which the growth year of each tree-ring is exactly known, enabling the events to be easily dated. Moreover, the uplifts will also be present in all artefacts that were fashioned from contemporary plant material, such as papyrus documents. Matching the enrichments in such cultural items with the tree-ring archives will also date them to the exact year. ECHOES aims to produce a myriad of such connections to secure key early societies in calendrical time. This will lay the foundations for a globally synchronous, chronological lattice that will allow the flow of technology and ideas to be understood in a way that has never before been previously possible, as each cultural record will be fixed to the same time frame.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2020 Sturt W. Manning, Bernd Kromer, Mauro Cremaschi, Michael W. Dee, Ronny Friedrich, Carol Griggs, Carla S. Hadden
Mediterranean radiocarbon offsets and calendar dates for prehistory
published pages: eaaz1096, ISSN: 2375-2548, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz1096
Science Advances 6/12 2020-04-01
2019 Michael W. Dee, Margot Kuitems
Duration of activity inestimable due to imprecision of the data
published pages: 22907-22907, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1914651116
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116/46 2020-04-01
2019 Andreas Neocleous, Margot Kuitems, Andrea Scifo, Michael Dee
CHRONOscope: Application for the Interactive Visualization of Carbon-14 and Beryllium-10 Atmospheric data
published pages: 1997-2002, ISSN: 0033-8222, DOI: 10.1017/rdc.2019.135
Radiocarbon 61/6 2020-04-01
2019 A. Scifo, M. Kuitems, A. Neocleous, B. J. S. Pope, D. Miles, E. Jansma, P. Doeve, A. M. Smith, F. Miyake, M. W. Dee
Radiocarbon Production Events and their Potential Relationship with the Schwabe Cycle
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-53296-x
Scientific Reports 9/1 2020-03-24
2019 Andreas Neocleous, George Azzopardi, Michael Dee
Identification of possible Δ14C anomalies since 14 ka BP: A computational intelligence approach
published pages: 162-169, ISSN: 0048-9697, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.251
Science of The Total Environment 663 2020-03-23
2019 Andreas Neocleous, George Azzopardi, Margot Kuitems, Andrea Scifo, Michael Dee
Trainable Filters for the Identification of Anomalies in Cosmogenic Isotope Data
published pages: 24585-24592, ISSN: 2169-3536, DOI: 10.1109/access.2019.2900123
IEEE Access 7 2020-03-23
2019 M W Dee, S W L Palstra, A Th Aerts-Bijma, M O Bleeker, S de Bruijn, F Ghebru, H G Jansen, M Kuitems, D Paul, R R Richie, J J Spriensma, A Scifo, D van Zonneveld, B M A A Verstappen-Dumoulin, P Wietzes-Land, H A J Meijer
published pages: 1-12, ISSN: 0033-8222, DOI: 10.1017/rdc.2019.101
Radiocarbon 2020-03-23

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The information about "ECHOES" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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