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FINEPRINT SIGNED

Spatially explicit material footprints: fine-scale assessment of Europe’s global environmental and social impacts

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EC-Contrib. €

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Project "FINEPRINT" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
WIRTSCHAFTSUNIVERSITAT WIEN 

Organization address
address: WELTHANDELSPLATZ 1
city: WIEN
postcode: 1020
website: www.wu-wien.ac.at

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Austria [AT]
 Total cost 1˙999˙908 €
 EC max contribution 1˙999˙908 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-07-01   to  2022-06-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    WIRTSCHAFTSUNIVERSITAT WIEN AT (WIEN) coordinator 1˙999˙908.00

Map

 Project objective

In the era of globalisation, supply chains are increasingly organised on the international level, thus disconnecting final consumption from the location of material extraction and related environmental and social impacts. Reducing these global impacts – or footprints – of European consumption is a major societal and scientific challenge. Methods to assess teleconnections between distant places of raw material extraction and consumption along global supply chains have improved significantly, with multi-regional input-output (MRIO) analysis being the most prominent method applied. However, the limited spatial resolution of MRIO models distorts footprint calculations, as specific properties of raw materials as well as impacts of extraction can vary significantly within production countries. I therefore propose a new method for the calculation of fine-scale material consumption footprints. It will encompass (1) a spatial assessment of global material extraction on a high-resolution grid and (2) a detailed physical model that tracks raw materials from the location of extraction via international transport facilities to processing industries in importing countries. Integrating this very detailed spatial information with a MRIO model will enable the first fine-scale assessment of European countries’ material footprints, overcoming prevailing aggregation errors in footprint indicators. Furthermore, I will investigate environmental and social impacts related to material footprints through linking the spatially explicit multi-regional material flow model with datasets on impacts related to raw material extraction, such as increasing water scarcity, deforestation and mining conflicts. This project will not only lift the accuracy of footprint models to a new level, but will also open up a range of options for sustainability assessments of specific commodity flows. Building on this knowledge, targeted policy instruments for sustainable product supply chains can be designed.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Xu Tian, Martin Bruckner, Yong Geng, Raimund Bleischwitz
Trends and driving forces of China’s virtual land consumption and trade
published pages: 104194, ISSN: 0264-8377, DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104194
Land Use Policy 89 2020-03-05
2019 Martin Bruckner, Tiina Häyhä, Stefan Giljum, Victor Maus, Günther Fischer, Sylvia Tramberend, Jan Börner
Quantifying the global cropland footprint of the European Union’s non-food bioeconomy
published pages: 45011, ISSN: 1748-9326, DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab07f5
Environmental Research Letters 14/4 2020-02-28
2019 Hanspeter Wieland, Stefan Giljum, Nina Eisenmenger, Dominik Wiedenhofer, Martin Bruckner, Anke Schaffartzik, Anne Owen
Supply versus use designs of environmental extensions in input–output analysis: Conceptual and empirical implications for the case of energy
published pages: , ISSN: 1088-1980, DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12975
Journal of Industrial Ecology 2020-02-28
2019 Martin Bruckner, Richard Wood, Daniel Moran, Nikolas Kuschnig, Hanspeter Wieland, Victor Maus, Jan Börner
FABIO—The Construction of the Food and Agriculture Biomass Input–Output Model
published pages: 11302-11312, ISSN: 0013-936X, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b03554
Environmental Science & Technology 53/19 2020-02-28
2018 Michael Tost, Benjamin Bayer, Michael Hitch, Stephan Lutter, Peter Moser, Susanne Feiel
Metal Mining’s Environmental Pressures: A Review and Updated Estimates on CO2 Emissions, Water Use, and Land Requirements
published pages: 2881, ISSN: 2071-1050, DOI: 10.3390/su10082881
Sustainability 10/8 2020-02-28
2018 Pablo Piñero, Martin Bruckner, Hanspeter Wieland, Eva Pongrácz, Stefan Giljum
The raw material basis of global value chains: allocating environmental responsibility based on value generation
published pages: 1-22, ISSN: 0953-5314, DOI: 10.1080/09535314.2018.1536038
Economic Systems Research 2019-03-11
2019 Stefan Giljum, Hanspeter Wieland, Stephan Lutter, Nina Eisenmenger, Heinz Schandl, Anne Owen
The impacts of data deviations between MRIO models on material footprints: A comparison of EXIOBASE, Eora, and ICIO
published pages: , ISSN: 1088-1980, DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12833
Journal of Industrial Ecology 2019-03-12

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