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DeepSym SIGNED

Understanding the drivers of the genetic and functional structure of deep-sea sponge symbiont communities

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 DeepSym project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DeepSym project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DeepSym" about.

population    variation    compositional    variety    sponges    genotyping    multispecies    water    shallow    sea    explore    microbial    rna    hypothesis    functional    biochemical    exhibit    dominate    distributed    dna    phylum    ecosystem    latitudinal    generation    evolution    constitute    function    profiles    hosting    host    tested    biotic    geographically    contrasting    segregated    services    extreme    relationships    composition    breakthrough    functions    sequencing    community    regions    locations    porifera    shaping    symbiotic    received    filter    suggested    microorganisms    metabolism    genotype    communities    coexisting    diverse    habitat    frontier    gradients    feeding    benthos    bridging    dense    resolution    abiotic    bacterial    attracting    repertoire    marine    region    organisms    attributed    symbiosis    intraspecific    rigorously    technologies    environment    sessile    species    sponge    structure    appreciably    localities    variability    deep    pillars    genetic    vary    individuals    gap   

Project "DeepSym" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 

Organization address
address: CROMWELL ROAD
city: LONDON
postcode: SW7 5BD
website: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 195˙454 €
 EC max contribution 195˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2017
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-05-01   to  2020-04-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM UK (LONDON) coordinator 195˙454.00

Map

 Project objective

Sponges (phylum Porifera) are sessile filter-feeding organisms that dominate the benthos in many regions of the marine environment. They represent the pillars of the ecosystem for the functions and services they provide. Sponges are known for hosting dense, diverse, and highly specific microbial communities that contribute appreciably to the host’s metabolism and biochemical repertoire. Shallow water sponges and their associated microorganisms have received most attention but much less is known about deep-sea sponges, and whether these sponges exhibit contrasting functions and symbiotic relationships as a result of being in an extreme environment. This project aims to determine the next frontier of sponge symbiosis: the functionality of the microbial consortia of deep-sea sponges. Sponge associated microbial communities vary within and among species, and this variation can be attributed to biotic and abiotic factors. The genetic variability and population structure of the host sponge has been suggested as a factor controlling the intraspecific bacterial composition in different locations. This hypothesis has yet to be rigorously tested, particularly examining coexisting species in the same habitat and species widely distributed across latitudinal gradients. I will explore the role of the host genotype in shaping the associated microbial community by examining several individuals of three species of sponges among five geographically segregated regions, including three localities within each region. Genotyping of sponges and analyses of microbial communities will use next generation sequencing technologies of DNA and RNA, providing high-resolution information of host relationships, microbial compositional and functional profiles. This project will constitute a major breakthrough in bridging the gap between evolution and function in multispecies relationships, attracting the interest of a wide variety of fields.

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