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OilandEmp SIGNED

Crude Empire. British 'Oil Imperialism' and the making of the modern Middle East (c.1901-c.1935).

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 OilandEmp project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the OilandEmp project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "OilandEmp" about.

landscapes    generation    sensitive    argues    seeing    2020    genesis    oilfields    form    coercive    space    shift    borders    people    mineral    military    dawn    realm    energy    labour    societal    places    untapped    imperative    notably    highlights    transformed    horizon    interests    transformation    lists    geopolitical    informal    british    industrial    created    history    nomadic    rethinks    concessions    tribes    geopolitics    enforced    region    companies    forefront    became    imperial    quest    britain    had    raw    vast    petroleum    spatial    interventionism    east    centre    deepen    implications    middle    desire    settlement    domination    materials    object    imperialists    social    oil    polluted    citizens    environmental    world    bids    extraction    climate    revised    twentieth    empire    shaped    regarding    fostered    vanguard    transition    resource    imperialism    made    profitable    relationship    exploration    century    competitions    period    site    rising    business    postcolonial    competition    scholarly    legacies    environments    forces    dynamics    unprecedented    agents    coal    action    regime    efficiency    environment    amounted   

Project "OilandEmp" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: Kirby Corner Road - University House
postcode: CV4 8UW

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 183˙454 €
 EC max contribution 183˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2017
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-04-01   to  2021-03-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK UK (COVENTRY) coordinator 183˙454.00


 Project objective

This project rethinks British imperialism in the early twentieth century Middle East. It places oil — its exploration, extraction, and the geopolitical implications of this — at the centre of analysis. This period witnessed a major energy transition, the shift from coal to oil, and the dawn of a new energy regime in the world. Oil products became increasingly essential for military-industrial transformation. Access to oilfields became imperative for European imperial states and this desire for oil concessions made the Middle East a new object of interventionism and a new site of imperial competitions. This project argues that British state and business interests were at the forefront of this new coercive interventionism in the Middle East which I term “oil imperialism”: how oil competition fostered new bids for domination over space and people in the region. For Britain, these dynamics amounted to a new experience of empire, with a rising generation of imperialists identifying oil companies as their best agents for a revised and profitable form of “informal” empire, and seeing the Middle East as vast untapped realm for exploitation, notably of mineral resources, and with petroleum products in the vanguard. British “oil imperialism” had unprecedented social, spatial and environmental consequences. It shaped Middle East borders, created new labour forces, transformed landscapes, polluted sensitive environments and enforced the settlement of nomadic tribes. Horizon 2020 lists “Climate Action, Environment, Resource Efficiency and Raw Materials” among societal challenges that are major concerns for citizens in Europe. By understanding the genesis and early history of Europe’s quest for oil in the Middle East, this project will deepen scholarly knowledge regarding the relationship between energy, geopolitics and history. More specifically, his project highlights the postcolonial legacies of a century of European oil imperialism in the Middle East.

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The information about "OILANDEMP" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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