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HITSCIL SIGNED

How intraflagellar transport shapes the cilium: a single-molecule systems study

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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 HITSCIL project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the HITSCIL project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "HITSCIL" about.

motor    antennas    membrane    directional    driving    animal    versa    repellent    molecules    probes    enveloped    fascinating    intraflagellar    vice    environment    mechanism    fundamental    sensing    relationship    regulated    fluorescent    quantitative    perturbations    critically    unprecedented    structure    experiments    cooperation    function    zoom    push    cells    length    quantify    ciliary    fluorescence    sensory    light    living    disturbances    proteins    chemosensory    shed    laboratory    sense    exposure    microtubules    animals    dynamics    connection    shown    organelles    cilia    nbsp    perspective    microscopy    ift    tools    solutions    indicated    functions    substantially    chemotaxis    transport    organelle    toolbox    water    external    consist    microtubule    axonemal    signalling    intracellular    soluble    instrumentation    place    elegans    specialized    sensors    position    maintenance    understand    dynamically    lab    axoneme    single    eukaryotic    preliminary    visualize    molecule   

Project "HITSCIL" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
STICHTING VU 

Organization address
address: DE BOELELAAN 1105
city: AMSTERDAM
postcode: 1081 HV
website: www.vu.nl

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Total cost 2˙499˙580 €
 EC max contribution 2˙499˙580 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2017-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-09-01   to  2023-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    STICHTING VU NL (AMSTERDAM) coordinator 2˙499˙580.00

Map

 Project objective

Sensory cilia are organelles extending like antennas from many eukaryotic cells, with crucial functions in sensing and signalling. Cilia consist of an axoneme built of microtubules, enveloped by a specialized membrane. Ciliary development and maintenance depend critically on a specific, microtubule-based intracellular transport mechanism, intraflagellar transport (IFT). In my laboratory, we study the chemosensory cilia of C. elegans, which sense water-soluble molecules in the animal’s environment for chemotaxis. Over the past years, we have developed a unique set of quantitative, single-molecule fluorescence microscopy tools that allow us to visualize and quantify IFT dynamics with unprecedented detail in living animals. So far, our focus has been on the cooperation of the motor proteins driving IFT. The overall objective of my current proposal is to zoom out and shed light on the connection between ciliary structure, chemosensory function and IFT, from a systems perspective. Recent work has indicated that axoneme length is controlled by IFT. Preliminary results from my laboratory show that axoneme length changes dynamically in response to perturbations of IFT or cilia. Furthermore, we have shown that IFT is substantially affected upon exposure of animals to known repellent solutions. The four major aims in my proposal are to: • determine how directional changes in IFT are regulated and are affected by external disturbances, • understand the dynamics of the axonemal microtubules and how IFT affects these dynamics and vice versa, • study how sensory ciliary function affects IFT and ciliary structure, • further develop our (single-molecule) fluorescence microscopy toolbox by improving instrumentation and using better fluorescent probes and sensors. These experiments will place my lab in a unique position to push forward our understanding of the relationship between structure, function and dynamics of transport of this fascinating and fundamental organelle.

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The information about "HITSCIL" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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