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SYNPATH SIGNED

Regulation of synaptic development and plasticity by molecular pathways linked to human evolution

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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 SYNPATH project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the SYNPATH project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "SYNPATH" about.

cognitive    machine    integrates    rodent    transmission    uncover    human    cell    period    slit    models    cortical    specialized    nanoscale    gap    advantage    brain    engineering    regulation    molecular    duplications    super    thread    neurons    goals    underlying    neurodevelopmental    cellular    protracted    supporting    primate    implicated    densely    cells    neurobiology    dendrites    dysfunctions    interactions    single    plasticity    duplicated    synapses    disorders    linked    intact    indicates    robo    mechanisms    pluripotent    understand    live    circuits    molecule    maturation    fundamental    distributed    networks    gtpase    combination    employ    takes    disciplinary    mammalian    genes    differ    mass    rules    evolution    stores    governing    regulations    dynamics    mouse    vivo    resolution    bridge    protein    manipulations    species    rho    transfers    synapse    activating    function    traits    microscopy    multimolecular    relies    shape    stem    composition    spectrometry    synaptic    framework    body    electrophysiology    srgap2    humans    few   

Project "SYNPATH" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA SANTE ET DE LA RECHERCHE MEDICALE 

Organization address
address: RUE DE TOLBIAC 101
city: PARIS
postcode: 75654
website: www.inserm.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 1˙500˙000 €
 EC max contribution 1˙500˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-06-01   to  2024-05-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA SANTE ET DE LA RECHERCHE MEDICALE FR (PARIS) coordinator 1˙500˙000.00

Map

 Project objective

The synapse is a nanoscale machine, which transfers, integrates and stores information in brain circuits. Its function relies on multimolecular networks of interactions whose composition and dynamics shape synaptic transmission. A large body of evidence indicates that synapses specialized in humans. Human synapses are more densely distributed along dendrites and their period of maturation is protracted compared to rodent or non-human primate synapses. The rules governing their plasticity also differ from the other mammalian species studied so far. These traits contribute to the formation and function of complex circuits supporting human cognitive abilities. Yet, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not known. Here we will investigate the role of molecular pathways linked to human evolution in the regulation of synaptic development and plasticity. The proposed research takes advantage of my previous work on Slit-Robo Rho GTPAse-activating protein 2 (SRGAP2), one of the few genes specifically duplicated in humans, and the only one implicated at synapses so far. We will use the duplications of SRGAP2 as a thread to uncover i) fundamental mechanisms of synaptic development and plasticity, and ii) regulations specific to human synapses. To achieve our goals, we will employ a multi-disciplinary approach based on in vivo manipulations in intact mouse cortical circuits, mass spectrometry, live-cell single-molecule super-resolution microscopy, electrophysiology, and engineering of cortical neurons derived from human pluripotent stem cells. The combination of mouse and human models will allow us to establish a robust framework to bridge the gap in knowledge between cellular neurobiology and human brain evolution, and better understand synaptic dysfunctions in neurodevelopmental disorders.

 Deliverables

List of deliverables.
Data Management Plan Open Research Data Pilot 2020-02-12 18:04:20

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of SYNPATH deliverables.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Matteo Fossati, Nora Assendorp, Olivier Gemin, Sabrina Colasse, Florent Dingli, Guillaume Arras, Damarys Loew, Cécile Charrier
Trans-Synaptic Signaling through the Glutamate Receptor Delta-1 Mediates Inhibitory Synapse Formation in Cortical Pyramidal Neurons
published pages: , ISSN: 0896-6273, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2019.09.027
Neuron 2019-11-22

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