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TERIFIC SIGNED

Targeted Experiment to Reconcile Increased Freshwater with Increased Convection

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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Project "TERIFIC" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNITED KINGDOM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION 

Organization address
address: POLARIS HOUSE NORTH STAR AVENUE
city: SWINDON
postcode: SN2 1FL
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 1˙999˙909 €
 EC max contribution 1˙999˙909 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-11-01   to  2023-10-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNITED KINGDOM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION UK (SWINDON) coordinator 1˙999˙909.00

Map

 Project objective

The ocean Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) is responsible for poleward heat transport, and deep storage of heat and carbon. Climate models generally predict that a slowdown of the MOC will occur this century, with dramatic regional and global climate changes, but how the slowdown will occur is subject to debate. It is widely recognised that convection -- the downward limb of the MOC -- is sensitive to freshwater fluxes, and recent investigations have suggested that the increased melt from the Greenland Ice Sheet has already reduced convection. Yet in 2015, convection returned, and was anomalously strong. Despite the expectation that the MOC is sensitive to freshwater forcing, we do not understand the processes by which freshwater inputs influence the MOC.

The two key gaps in our understanding are: how freshwater reaches the regions of deep convection, and the relative importance of freshwater to convection and restratification. Numerical simulations give conflicting results on freshwater pathways, and convective parameterisations neglect small-scale restratifying processes. Traditional observational approaches cannot capture the spatial and temporal variability of these processes without inordinate cost.

TERIFIC addresses these gaps in understanding through new observations, leveraging recent advances in small-scale electronics to deploy large numbers of mini-drifters on the shelves of Greenland, and employing subsurface and surface autonomous platforms to characterise the balance of processes controlling convection and restratification. The analysis of these observations will answer fundamental questions about how freshwater reaches and affects the regions of deep convection, and enable a critical ground truth of numerical simulations of these processes for climate models.

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The information about "TERIFIC" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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